The coronavirus outbreak continues to spread with nearly 145,384 confirmed cases globally and more than 81 confirmed cases in India. With this, people are increasingly wondering how COVID-19 might affect our eating habits, food supply and restaurants. If you have been wondering whether to stay home from restaurants or if any foods are unsafe, here’s what you need to know.
VV Puram food street Closed Temporarily Due to Coronavirus Pandemic
One of the most popular food street joints in Bangalore, VV Puram is closed for a couple of days. More than 20 vendors selling South Indian, North Indian and Chinese delicacies under Bengaluru Food Street Varthakara Okkuta have voluntarily decided to temporarily close the food stalls. Later, Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) also supported the decision of shutting down the popular Food Street. The decision came up as a precautionary measure in order to clean and renovate the shops. It is also a preventative action to avoid spreading Cholera and Coronavirus.
No “If”, But “When”
The decision taken by the local Union and the vendors is an anticipatory action in order to be safe. However, it would lead to drastic decline in the business and also leave many of their employees jobless amid the coronavirus pandemic. But most of us, for whom the Bangalore Food Street is the favourite food joint, are desperately waiting for the place to be live again. The local Union, Bengaluru Food Street Varthakara Okkuta is still unsure of what will happen next. Until then, Coronavirus has left most of the Bangaloreans house arrested.
VV Puram food street
Learn more about Business License renewal program by BBMP
Footpaths to be free of encroachments in Benglauru. Making footpaths free is an obligation by BBMP. Illegal footpath encroachment has been narrowing the road, causing inconvenience to motorists and pedestrians.
Everyday we come across a lot of vehicles parked on footpaths and pavements. Cars and two wheelers are parked on both sides of narrow residential lanes and there is two way movement of traffic and navigating through them.
It has become a challenge for pedestrians especially those who are handicapped, having physical disability and senior citizens.
High court order on footpath encroachment :
The High Court of Karnataka on 10th June directed the civic body BBMP to file an affidavit within 3 weeks on the steps taken by the authorities to keep footpaths free of encroachment by shop owners.
This affidavit was in the wake of observing
the citizens’ rights being affected if footpaths are not maintained in
reasonably good condition. The footpaths
must be kept free of encroachments.
Purpose of footpath :
Public streets are made for traffic to move and likewise footpaths are made for the use of citizens for walking.
If the footpaths are encroaches, it will affect the right of citizens. Footpaths have to be maintained so that citizens are able to walk freely.
Action by Police – footpath encroachment :
The city traffic police are currently carrying out a week-long drive to clear encroachments of footpaths and make them more pedestrian friendly.
The police aims to ensure that footpaths across the city
are free from street vendors, petty shops, illegal parking of vehicles and
dumping of construction materials.
Those dumping construction
materials like pipes or wires on the footpaths will also have to be careful.
The materials will be seized and the offenders will have to pay a penalty to
get it cleared.
BBMP unhelpful :
In some areas the traffic police are oblivious of the state of affairs. Despite a clear ruling by the High Court of Karnataka to clear footpath encroachments, the BBMP is not acting tough on the encroachers.
The traffic police have expressed their helplessness as it is the BBMP’s responsibility to clear the encroachment and not that of the police.
The section 288 and 288C of the KMC Act clearly allow the removal of encroachments, either temporary or permanent, on the existing footpaths falling within BBMP’s jurisdictional limits. However, several complaints to jurisdictional Assistant Executive Engineers by citizens have not yielded any results. They pass the buck at each other dodging responsibility.
There are chances of serious accidents if the issues are not fixed on road’s footpaths. The BBMP officials and people’s representatives including the Mayor should inspect the busy roads and the footpaths and implement a ‘zero tolerance’ on footpath encroachment.
500 raised cross walks across Bengaluru :
To ensure safety of pedestrians crossing roads, the civic body BBMP has decided to build more than 500 raised cross walks across Bengaluru city with 15 cm. in height besides bumps.
Infra Boost :
The Traffic Police of Bengaluru city made a presentation demanding raised pedestrian crossings. They will come up on thoroughfare across the city.
The demands of Traffic Police includes :
Pedestrian crossings at 221 locations
Sky-walks/FOB’s at 86 locations
Up-gradation of pedestrian crossings are 213 spots
Relocation of electrical poles at 97 locations and 76 transformers
Amenities at 47 accident black-spots
Solution to water logging at 45 places
Street light functioning at 105 locations
Areas Covered :
The initiative of 500 raised cross walks across Bengaluru City includes facilities along outer ring road, Sarjapur road, Magadi Road and some of the core areas in the city.
The 367 junctions includes facilities like traffic umbrellas, railings information and direction boards, painted cross walks, cameras at important junctions, traffic signage, hazard boards, street lights, removing of trees and widening of roads.
K Crore will be spent on civil works at Bengaluru by the civic body
Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP).
The top priorities will be given to Garbage,
Water, Traffic, Electricity and Environment management.
Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike :
The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), is the administrative
body responsible for civic amenities and some infrastructural assets of the
Greater Bengaluru metropolitan
area. It is the fourth largest
Municipal Corporation in India.
Its roles and responsibilities
include the “orderly development of the city” – Zoning and building regulations, health,
hygiene, licensing, trade and education, as well as quality of life issues such as public open space,
water bodies, parks and greenery.
The BBMP represents the third
level of government (the Central Government and State Government being the first two levels). BBMP is
run by a city council composed of elected representatives, called
“corporators”, one from each of the wards (localities) of the city.
Top priorities of the Government :
According to Deputy Chief Minister G.
Parameshwara, Garbage, water, traffic, electricity and environment
management are the top five priorities of the government in the city.
In the next five
years the government is planning is spend Rs.50,000 crore on different civic
works in the city.
An MoU was signed with Sweepsmart, a Netherlands based firm to upgrade the waste collection units/Centres in Bengaluru city. The total of the initiative will be Rs.4.75 crore.
includes rebuilding, installation of equipment and design, build, installation
and transfer model.
At present BBMP
is spending 50% of its total revenue on city’s infrastructure. To support the civic body the government has
sanctioned Rs.8500 crore in the last 8 years and in this years Rs.11,500 has
Investment in the project :
The Government and the BBMP will be investing
Rs.3.35 crore, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs will spend 0.7 crore and
Sweepsmart company will be spending Rs.0.7 crore.
In the next 5
years the government is planning to support the civic body by spending
Rs.50,000 crore to provide good infrastructure in Bengaluru city.
Areas covered under the project :
The civic body and the Sweepsmart have
identified 12 DWC centres. Out of which
10 will be finalized during the implementation of the project.
The third three centres will be launched in
Kadumalleshwara, Kengeri and combines centre in Nagawara and HBR Layout
Dry Waste Collection Centres (DWCCs) :
Dry Waste Collection Centres (DWCCs) facilitate the stream lining of the entire process of waste management in the city, by concentrating exclusively on dry waste.
They are equipped with appropriate infrastructure capable of purchasing, collecting, aggregating and processing both high value and low value dry waste such as plastics, paper, glass, tetrapacks, etc.
The city has
planned for one DWCC per ward of which it has built 189 Centres. However every
ward has been assigned a DWCC as a destination for its dry waste. The capacity
of these centres varies from 1 TPD upto 4.5 TPD.
Bengaluru’s SWM Journey :
build-up of negative impacts of pollution (air, water & soil) due to open
dumping (especially for the village communities living alongside) & a
rapidly urbanizing metropolis, coupled with a steep population growth had put
extreme pressure on our city’s SWM system.
2012 saw the shutting down of 6 of the city’s 7 landfills which led to
mountains of waste rotting on city streets & large scale opening burning.
Collection too had to be stalled for over a week, as there were no landfills
available to take waste. The city had barely any infrastructure for processing
& nearly no investment in recycling due to underdeveloped regulations and a
lack of incentives.
challenge since then has been to transform the system in a short span of time
through initiating decentralized processing instead of dumping of waste.
Court Order :
to enable a self-sustaining & efficient new system that is quick to
execute, the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka intervened and set up a specialized
SWM Cell & an Expert Committee to work with the BBMP SWM/Health department.
consultation with think-tanks, experts, civil society groups, waste picker
collectives, academicians & private players, since then defined principles
to guide the city’s plan that is integrated and inclusive.
PG (Paying Guest) hostels – Majority of the PG hostels in Bengaluru are unlicensed. Only a few women’s PG hostels have CCTV cameras and round the lock 24/7 security guards.
The PG (Paying Guest) hostels are not monitored by any authority. Bengaluru police don’t have a list of paying guest facilities in the city. And the city administration body, BBMP to doesn’t have a list of authorized PGs readily available online.
What does authorized/ licensed PG mean?
Unauthorized/unlicensed PG (Paying Guest) facilities are the ones not registered with either BBMP or the police, hence not obligated to provide security to the inhabitants. There is no monitoring done by any agency on such PG facilities.
Under Schedule 10 part II of the Karnataka Municipal Corporation Act 1976, PG accommodations are supposed to procure trade license from BBMP Health Department. License fee varies with the number of rooms that the accommodation has. Even the PG accommodations having less than 10 rooms are supposed to have a license.
Lodging and PG (Paying Guest) accommodation :
There is no distinction between
both facilities, yet minor contrasts amongst Lodging and paying guest will be
there. Large portions of individuals don’t know totally about paying visitor
settlement and which is better for their living.
Lodging is a position of convenience, where
we can discover diverse individuals from better places to remain for
impermanent facilities for a long/brief time.
Lodging – Living with a gathering of companions.
PG (paying Guest) is additionally one of
the conveniences. Paying visitor benefit significantly gave by families on a
rental premise to share their property.
What is PG (Paying Guest) Hostel?
Paying Guests or P.G. is generally popular with students. As the name indicates, this accommodation is related to the feel of the guest. Generally, in P.G. accommodation, a person is treated as a guest but it does not mean that one does not have to pay for the accommodation.
PG Scenario at Bengaluru :
A lot of girls and working women get accommodation at PG in Bengaluru in large numbers. But it is at their own risk. A majority of the PG hostels in Bengaluru are unlicensed and unregulated.
There are incidents of men breaking in to steal cash, jewellery and laptops. Sometimes the breaking happens with intent violence.
Things mandatory in a PG (Paying Guest) hostel :
According to Chairman of the BBMP Standing Committee on health Mr.Mujahid Pasha, CCTV is mandatory for PG hostels.
The other things must at a PG are a security guard
on duty around the clock. The PG should
have a trade licence from BBMP. Once the
licence is obtained it should be displayed prominently in the premises along with
the Area Police Number.
Action against illegal PG’s :
Those who are running the PG hostels with no
licence can be booked under the Karnataka Municipal Corporation Act. They can be punished by closing and sealing the
working of the PG.
PG (Paying Guest) Owners can obtain a license :
Obtain a trade license
for PGs – This can now be done easily online on the BBMP website.
Pay commercial tax for
utilities such as rent, water and electricity.
Problems / Issues faced in PG (Paying Guest) :
One will not choose their flat-mates in PG. If the resident doesn’t gel well with them, they are stuck. Most people staying in PG fall into two groups – a) students b) working professionals. Typically the two groups have different lifestyles and hence if the resident belongs to group a but the majority of flatmates belong to group b or vice versa, it is likely to be uncomfortable. Even when all flatmates are working professionals, there is no guarantee that they will gel with all of them.
In most PG accommodations residents get Wifi but if a resident is a high data consumer or if a resident needs very high bandwidth, one will find most likely the PG Wifi useless. The biggest problem with PG accommodation is that the resident won’t be allowed to bring in guests who would stay overnight. That means after a party, even if a friend is too drunk to drive or go home, he/she can’t crash in at PG.
Typically most owners would have a problem with paying guests bringing in guests of the opposite gender especially beyond 9 pm at night. That’s a severe constraint
PG accommodations offer very little space. So every time a resident buys something, they have to consider the space constraint before buying.
In PG accommodations most of the services (like the internet, DTH, newspapers) etc are shared and common for everyone. So if a resident has special needs, the services can’t be customized.
In a PG, there’s hardly any privacy. The accommodation will be shared by 1 or two more people.
The only plus point of a PG compared to a shared apartment is relatively low rent/deposit.
Investment in 29 skywalks on Demand in Bengaluru city by the civic body BBMP (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike).
Like many cities across India, Bengaluru is seeing an unprecedented building boom, both inside the city and in farmlands converting to suburbs.
There are glass buildings, new roads, gated communities—changing the way people live and work. But one thing largely remains the same—lack of footpaths.
corporation acknowledges it has a duty towards pedestrians and not just
vehicular traffic, planning several expensive skywalks with escalators across Bengaluru.
Highlights – investment in skywalks :
Over 29 skywalks are to come across Bengaluru city.
Foot over-bridges or skywalks are meant to ease traffic and avoid pedestrian accidents, but citizens and urban designers say the BBMP is building them at spots where they are not necessary.
Some even allege advertisement lobby in pushing the proposals.
What is a skywalk?
A skyway, sky-bridge,
or skywalk is a type of ped-way consisting of an enclosed or covered footbridge
between two or more buildings or roads in an urban area.
It is a bridge designed solely for pedestrians. While the primary meaning for a bridge is a
structure which links “two points at a height above the ground”.
have the equivalent of a skyway underground, and there are also mixed
They are located across roads to let pedestrians cross safely without slowing traffic. It is a type of pedestrian separation structure, examples of which are particularly found near schools, busy roads and heavy traffic roads.
To ensure footbridges are accessible to disabled and other mobility-impaired people, careful consideration is nowadays also given to the provision of access lifts or ramps, as required by relevant legislation.
Environmental factors – investment in skywalks:
pedestrian safety and convenience, the chief reasons assigned by urban planners
for skywalk development are decrease of traffic congestion, reduction in Vehicular air pollution and separation of people from
A number of cities have given intricate
analysis to skywalk systems employing computer models to optimize skywalk layout.
Pedestrian safety at
Once a skywalk is commissioned, the maintenance is neglected. Lifts remain dysfunctional for months without the contractor bothering to check and repair.
There is not enough lighting on many skywalks. With added advertisement hoardings on either side, the pathway looks secluded, which drives away the pedestrians who want to use them.
“The very underpasses and skywalks that are
built to keep you safe, end up collecting excreta and become criminal hotspots.
They are useless because they are built for athletic young people not for
disabled and old,” says a citizen.
According to a software engineer living in Green
Garden Layout, who says that ramps for cyclists, escalators and elevators for
senior citizens are a must. “Skywalk becomes a nuisance when it has elevators
that don’t work and has well-lit advertisement but no light on stairs.”
When are the skywalks required?
Skywalks are required where ever there is heavy and fast traffic like arterial roads or big express highways leading out of the city. The dilemma even in such cases is about the frequency of crossings and the rationale of the exact spots for a skywalk.
On roads with dense traffic within the city, there should be measures to slow traffic allowing people to cross at grade.
Are Bengaluru’s skywalks a design
There is also a design and maintenance aspect of the skywalk failure story. Some of the skywalks have moved the bus stop away, making people walk an extra 500 mts to the bus stop.
citizens are of the opinion that “BBMP does not know what it means to build
scientific skywalks, their design priorities are skewed and they have a free
hand since there is nobody to question them.
engineers and the politicians involved don’t prefer using these facilities
themselves, so it is unrealistic to expect usable civic services including
skywalks to come out of their minds.
According to some a skywalk should not restrict the pavement space. This is a bad design. The stairs should start adjacent to the pavement
Are skywalks a sustainable option?
As the city cannot provide
reliable public transport or pedestrian-friendly amenities as alternatives so
people continue to purchase cars.
The government needs to recognize
that public transportation and pedestrian-friendliness is a lesson easily
learnt from all developed countries.
Are the skywalks are a sustainable option? We have a shortage of cops and even at signals, many see people jumping signals. The BBMP helps pedestrians and their lives by providing skywalks. Isn’t that good enough?”
Can skywalks be made
convenient and safe?
With rapidly growing vehicular numbers, traffic congestion in Bengaluru seems unmanageable. Pedestrians, particularly senior citizens and physically challenged persons, are facing grave problems.
Walking on the footpaths has become hazardous and an almost impossible task, due to narrow, uneven footpaths, footpaths littered with debris, garbage, vendors and in several cases non-existent!
The only alternative is to walk on the roads, risking one’s
life. And, crossing the roads, especially with heavy traffic, is an adventure,
few would dare attempt.
Skywalks in Bengaluru :
The civic body had proposed a number of skywalks. But till date, only 37 are completed by BBMP. Priority should be given to the pending skywalks than proposing 29 new structures at different locations considering huge demand.
BBMP’s decision to fund the 29 new skywalks is
baffling as the civic body is struggling to complete the already taken up
project due to cash crunch.
Pending Skywalk works – investment in new skywalks :
constructions are put on hold and some have not even started yet as there
are metro stations coming up in some areas, along with ongoing road
widening and white-topping works.
The bidders are
refusing to take up certain projects.
According to BBMP
Commissioner, N Manjunath Prasad, ‘the skywalks in the city were supposed
to follow the public-private partnership (PPP) model initially.
“There are no takers for most skywalks. But there are areas that are demanding
Hence the BBMP has decided to invest. DPR is ready for the 29 skywalks and work orders have been issued. The project might cost more than Rs 50 crore.
Online Monitoring of skywalks :
BBMP will soon
launch online monitoring of lifts and escalators on all the skywalks in Bengaluru
city, including the proposed 29, to check if pedestrians are actually using the
Bosch has taken up the project to monitor online sensors. It is yet to get the green signal.
When asked about malfunctioning elevators, Mayor says: “I have asked officials for details on elevators in all the skywalks across 8 zones. I have ordered proper maintenance and called for repair if any. I will make sure that every skywalk will be equipped with CCTV.”
20 CBD (Central Business District) roads to get smart look in 15 months under Smart city Project. The Bengaluru civic body Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) recently issued work orders.
In simple words a smart city is a municipality that uses information and
communication technologies to increase operational efficiency, share information
with the public and improve both the quality of government services and citizen
Smart city project by Central Government :
Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Project, is an urban renewal and retro-fitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.
The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the
mission in collaboration with the State Governments of the respective cities.
Description of project :
Smart Cities project envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan, which is expected to have a rub-off effect on other parts of the city and nearby cities and towns.
Cities will be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, where cities will compete in a countrywide competition to obtain the benefits from this mission. As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission after they defeated other cities in the challenge.
How project works:
It is a
five-year program in which, except for West Bengal, all of the Indian states
and Union territories are participating by nominating at least one city for the
Smart Cities challenge. Financial aid will be given by the Central and State Governments
between 2017-2022 to the cities, and the mission will start showing results
from 2022 onwards.
city will create a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), headed by a full-time CEO, to
implement the Smart Cities Project. Centre
and State government will provide Rs.1,000 crore (US$140 million) funding to the company,
as equal contribution of Rs.500 crore (US$72 million)
each. The company has to raise additional funds from the financial market as a
debt or equity.
Smart city features :
Some typical features of Smart
mixed land use in area based developments
and developing open spaces
a variety of transport options
citizen friendly and cost effective
identify to the city
smart solution and infrastructure and services.
Strategy of Smart city Project:
The strategic components of
area based development in the smart city project are improvement, city renewal
and city extension plus a pan-city initiative in which smart solutions are
applied covering larger parts of the city.
Smart city concept :
A smart city is a designation given to a city that incorporates information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance the quality and performance of urban services such as energy, transportation and utilities in order to reduce resource consumption, wastage and overall costs.
The objective is to promote cities that
provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens,
a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’
A “smart city” is one that has developed technological infrastructure that
enables it to collect, aggregate, and analyze real-time data to improve the
lives of its residents.
The core infrastructure elements in a smart
including solid waste management
urban mobility and public transport
housing, especially for the poor
IT connectivity and digitalization
especially e-Governance and citizen participation
security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly
Central Business District :
The Central Business District is the area with a diameter of 20 kilometers from Vidhana Soudha. A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city’s “financial district”. The shape and type of a CBD almost always closely reflect the city’s history.
This is the
main commercial area of Bengaluru. It has many high rises including World Trade
Center, Bengaluru and UB Tower. The Collection in UB
City is India’s first Luxury Shopping Mall of South India.
prices are sky high, Brigade
Road, is Asia’s third most expensive street, Mahatma Gandhi Road
(MG Road), Bengaluru is 13th
most expensive in Asia. It also houses
one of Bengaluru’s oldest continuously
operating high street Commercial Street.
Bengaluru as a
Smart City :
Bengaluru was selected for the project but the work is being done very slowly. The 20 selected located within the Central Business District (CBD) will provide the riders and pedestrians advanced scientific facilities.
include smart signaling, light-controlled crossing, digital information boards,
good parking systems, solar charging ports, smart dustbins etc.
Smart city project smart features :
Smart bus shelters
Digital information boards
Smart vendor kiosks
Smart telecom towers
Smart parking systems
Installation of adaptive traffic signals
Pedestrian light-controlled crossing
Drinking water points
Roads in Bengaluru :
The civic body
BBMP will be building 20 roads under the Smart city project. The cost of the
project will be Rs.230 crore.
Phase 1 covers
the following roads :
Kamaraj Road to Jumma Masjid Road
MG Road to Commercial Street
Dickenson Road to Kingston Road
MG Road to Kamaraj Road (via Dickenson Road)
Infantry Road from Ali Askar Road to Safina Plaza Complex (Main Guard Cross Road)
MG Road to Shivajinagar Bus Stand and up to Balekundri Circle
Bowring Hospital Road from Main Guard Cross Road to HSIS Gosha Hospital
Miller’s Road from Chalunkya Circle to Cantonment railway station via Queen’s Road
Raj Bhavan Road from Minsk Square to Basaveshwara Circle
Magrath Road from Brigade Road up to Richmond Circle
Convent Road from Richmond Road to Residency Road
Hayes Road from Richmond Road to Residency Road
Wood Street from Museum road to Richmond Road
Castle Street from Museum Road to Richmond Road
Tate Lane from Richmond Road to Castle Street
Kasturba Road from Siddalingaiah Circle to Minsk Square via Queen’s Statue
Raja Ram Mohan Roy Road from Richmond Circle to Hudson circle
Lavelle Road from MG Road to Richmond Circle
Brigade Road from MG Road to War Memorial junction.
The only pan-city project being taken up as part of the Smart City project is energy efficiency measures across the public lighting system in the city where Sodium Vapour lamps will be replaced by LED bulbs.
The Anti-tobacco circular which was passed last year strictly banning smoking in pubs and hotels in Karnataka State across all urban and local bodies is in vain.
Due to this ban, the bars and restaurants cannot have smoking zones on their premises without prior permission. The Government issued an anti-tobacco circular on November 17 to this effect.
The Provisions of the smoking ban – Anti-tobacco circular
Due to the smoking ban, the bars and restaurants cannot have smoking zones on their premises without prior permission. The Government issued an anti-tobacco circular on November 17 to this effect.
The establishments can earmark a smoking Zone by taking prior permission but should not provide furniture, seating arrangements or curtains to smokers due to the smoking ban.
If any of the establishments violate the rules by not complying to smoking ban/ anti-tobacco circular strictly, the licences will be cancelled with immediate effect.
of Licence :
The IT City Bengaluru’s bars, pubs and restaurants are at the risk of losing their trade licence if they do not provide smoking areas due to the smoking ban.
The BBMP, which is the licensing authority, has issued a circular regarding the strict smoking ban. The enterprises are to close down smoking areas where food and beverages are served.
According to the findings of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey, the health of the public, in general, is affected by passive smoking. The Government has passed a circular on 17th November strictly smoking ban in public places.
risks of smoking :
Smoking damages your
heart and your blood circulation, increasing your risk of developing conditions
cerebrovascular disease (damaged arteries that supply blood to your brain)
Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in the lungs. Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer.
of Passive smoking:
increases the risk of coronary heart disease by 25-40%
69 cancer-causing chemicals
respiratory illness in children
bronchitis and pneumonia
lung cancer, heart disease
Studies have shown that blood samples of workers exposed continuously to smoke in pubs and restaurants contain levels of high nicotine and this is a violation of their right to health.
who have never smoked and who live with people who do smoke are at increased
risk to a range of tobacco-related diseases.
The move by the Government by the smoking ban is to protect the rights of non-smokers and curb the effects of passive smoking as per Karnataka Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of the health of non-smokers Act and the Cigrattee & other Tobacco Products Act. (COPTA).
Real scenario – Anti-tobacco circular :
According to Dr Thriveni. B.S. the project Leader of Smoke-Free, Bengaluru not a single bar in the city has applied for a no-objection certificate from the BBMP to ensure that their smoking zones are compliant with the law.
According to the law, the establishments are also not allowed to serve food or liquor, or even water and beverages, at the designated smoking zones on their premises. If these rules cannot be followed, the owners have to clear the smoking zone with immediate effect.
It is the duty and responsibility of the BBMP to issue no-objection certificates. The certificates are granted after an inspection of smoking rooms in restaurants, bars and hotels. The main criteria are to ensure that they were not a fire hazard and were compliant with the code.
Excise Department has been asked by the civic body to include the circular into
the excise licence in order to strengthen the effort of the BBMP.
Hotels with at least 30
rooms and restaurants with a seating capacity of 30 or more can create
exclusive smoking enclosures away from places where food and beverages are
To do that only after taking
a no-objection certificate from the tobacco control cell of the BBMP and in
strict compliance with fire safety guidelines and a Supreme Court judgement in
Health hazards to others :
Smoking in Food & Beverages outlets harms all customers since there is nothing called a safe level of exposure, according to Dr Rao, consultant head and neck oncology surgeon at HCG. “Studies also show that blood samples of workers continuously exposed to smoke in pubs and restaurants contain high nicotine levels. This is a violation of their right to health,” he said.
The Karnataka Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Health of Non-smokers Act, 2001, does not permit self-created, designated smoking areas. Moreover, Section 4 of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act states that hospitality establishments with designated smoking zones should not provide F&B services there.
According to World Health Organization, Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) mainly Cardiovascular Diseases like Stroke, Diabetes, Cancer and lung diseases are attributed to nearly 61% of deaths in India and in 2008, NCDs accounted for 5.2 million deaths.
Tobacco is one of the risk factors for NCDs and globally 14% of all NCD deaths among adults are attributed to tobacco.
Percentage of smokers die from smoking :
The study of more than 200,000 people, published in BMC Medicine, found about 67 percent of smokers perished from a smoking-related illness. That rate is higher than doctors previously estimated. Tobacco smoke can boost the risk for at least 13 types of cancer. The earlier one quit, the better.
Most statistics look at the overall risk of lung cancer, combining both people who smoke and those who have never smoked. Based on United States statistics, the lifetime risk that a person will develop lung cancer is 6.4 percent or a little greater than one out of every 15 people.