Physiotherapy also known as physical therapy, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or Kinesology) Manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function. Physical therapy is used to improve a patient’s quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, physical intervention, and patient education. It is performed by physiotherapists.
addition to clinical practice, other activities encompassed in the physical
therapy profession include research, education, consultation and
administration. Physiotherapy services may be provided as primary care
treatment or alongside, or in conjunction with, other medical services.
Physiotherapy – Sports :
Physiotherapists are closely involved in the care and well-being of athletes including recreational, semi-professional (paid) and professional (full-time employment) participants. This area of practice encompasses athletic injury management under 5 main categories:
acute care –
assessment and diagnosis of an initial injury;
application of specialist advice and techniques to encourage healing;
progressive management for full return to sport;;
identification and address of deficiencies known to directly result in, or act
as precursors to injury, such as movement assessment.
education – sharing of
specialist knowledge to individual athletes, teams or clubs to assist in
prevention or management of injury.
who work for professional sport teams often have a specialized sports
certification issued through their national registering organisation. Most
Physical therapists who practice in a sporting environment are also active in
collaborative sports medicine programs too.
To be physically fit means to be in a state of health and well-being. Physical fitness is defined as the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist disease and to react to emergency situations.
A person who is fit is capable of living life
to its fullest
extent. Physical and mental fitness play very important roles
in your lives and people who are both, physically and mentally fit are less
prone to medical conditions as well.
There are four types
of fitness that are important to incorporate into your physical activity
Muscular endurance and
Physical activity or exercise can improve your
health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases like type 2 diabetes,
cancer and cardiovascular disease. Physical activity and exercise can have
immediate and long-term health benefits. Most importantly, regular activity can
improve your quality of life.
Somya Rout :
Somya is a sport physiotherapist and has worked with Odisha Ranji Team, Indian Football team, All India Football Federation and India U-16.
He has a previous experience of working with Sports Authority of Gujarat
and Orissa Cricket Association and at Ranji, Odisha.
He studied at Goutham College of Physiotherapy, Bengaluru and did his graduation at Stewart School, Cuttack.
He is the
co-founder of Stairs Physiotherapy and Fitness at Bengaluru. It is a fantastic
physiotherapy & fitness centre that helps one get stronger, respect your
body better and help you achieve your goal. A space to workout, get fitter and
achievements – Somya Rout :
Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy (Rajiv Gandhi
university of health sciences) Karnataka.
PG in clinical research.
Certified Manual therapist.
Certification in Sports Science (Apollo
Strength and conditioning (Exercise and sports
sciences International consultancy).
Member of Indian Association of
Certified Physiotherapist at Asian Football
Confederation Physiotherapy course at ASPETAR ( Qatar)
He has worked with :
Odisha Ranji Team for 3 years
Micheal Bevan (tour to Australia) 2009-2012
The Indian Football team U 16
SAFF Championship ,Gold
Asian Football Qualifiers in Kuwait.
India U19 SAFF Championship Nepal ,Runners up
Asian Championship Trophy Malaysia.
Head Physiotherapist Sports Authority of
Indian Football team Indian Football team U 16 Malaysia.
Physical fitness :
fitness is a
state of health and well-being and
more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities. Physical
fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise and sufficient rest.
the industrial revolution, fitness was defined as the capacity to carry
out the day’s activities without undue fatigue. However, with automation and
changes in lifestyles physical
fitness is now considered a
measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work
and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic disease and to
meet emergency situations
Bangalorean Day out is an initiative by Bangalorean.com to bring out those who have made name and fame in their chosen field.
Bangalorean.com is a social interactive platform which is all about Bengaluru and its people.
Goal of Bangalorean Day out :
The goal of Bangaloean Day out is to get the desired results from the show by learning from the guest’s their experience, his/her failures and successes in life. Most of all the aim is to pass an important message to the public.
The show features celebrity guests who talk about their work and personal lives as well as their latest achievements.
Bangalorean day out – Monthly program :
Each month Bangalorean Day out interacts and interviews best selling authors
and experts in the areas of success, spirituality, business, self-improvement,
science, entertainment to name a few.
The guests at the talk show provide timeless wisdom and insight that
will radically shift and change the perspective of life.
A Brief introduction to this month’s guests :
Kajol Bhatia – Mrs.India Karnataka :
Having been born and brought up in Namma Bengaluru this Sindhi girl – Kajol Bhatia (born as Sapna Nagpal) knows the city inside out. She can drive you from the North to the South without the help of Google Maps. She is vivacious and always high on energy. Anyone close to her will know how great a multi-tasker she is, too.
She has also
been an enthusiastic participant in various athletic and talent competitions,
in the past, out of which she has been a winner at many.
Kajol married into a joint family, 23 years ago, and has been efficiently juggling her responsibilities at home and social circles since then. She is a fashion designer by profession but a happy homemaker by choice. She chose to keep her career on hold and devoted all her time to her loving husband and adorable sons.
She won the State title of ‘Mrs India Karnataka 2018’. She also bagged the title of ‘Mrs India Karnataka DIVA 2018’ . she won the title of ‘Classic Mrs. India 2018‘ in Chennai. She won the International subtitle of ‘Mrs Charming Asia International 2018‘.
Somya Rout – Physiotherapy and Fitness :
Somya is a sport physiotherapist and has worked with Odisha Ranji Team, Indian Football team, All India Football Federation and India U-16.
He has a previous experience of working with Sports Authority of Gujarat
and Orissa Cricket Association and at Ranji, Odisha.
He studied at Goutham College of Physiotherapy, Bengaluru and did his graduation at Stewart School, Cuttack.
He is the co-founder of Stairs Physiotherapy and Fitness at Bengaluru. It is a fantastic physiotherapy & fitness centre that helps one get stronger, respect your body better and help you achieve your goal. A space to workout, get fitter and stronger.
qualification and achievements are endless. Here is a list :
Physiotherapy (Rajiv Gandhi university of health sciences) Karnataka.
PG in clinical
in Sports Science (Apollo Hospital)
conditioning (Exercise and sports sciences International consultancy).
Indian Association of Physiotherapist
Physiotherapist at Asian Football Confederation Physiotherapy course at ASPETAR
He has worked
Team for 3 years
(tour to Australia) 2009-2012
Football team U 16
Qualifiers in Kuwait.
India U19 SAFF
Championship Nepal ,Runners up
Championship Trophy Malaysia.
Sports Authority of Gujarat.
Football team Indian Football team U 16 Malaysia.
Sangeetha Rajeev – Pop Star :
Sangeetha Rajeev being a Singer, Composer started off as an Independent by conceptualizing a Kannada Pop Rock band Sarvasva.
This charismatic singer progressed into an EDM Pop genre
dishing out singles like Zindagi, Nan E Life, Chan Se Udi, Kare, Tuhi which
transformed her into a Pop Icon of sorts. This in turn made her into one
of the top Social Media Influencers.
SaRa being the name of her current band takes a fresh look at
popular Hindi & Regional Songs and this explosive singer leads the band
from the front.
She has been the jury on Zee TV SaReGaMaPa little champs season 12. Zee SaReGaMaPa Season 13 and season 14, a Kannada singing reality show aired in Zee Kannada. She is currently the jury of the SaReGaMaPa season 15.
Sangeetha Rajeev performs in the country with no language barrier. She can sing and perform in Hindi, English, Kannada, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, Gujrati and Tulu.
She is this years VIMA award winner.
Manohar Iyer –
Manohar Iyer is a IT Professional, Venture Capitalist, Entrepreneur, Agriculturist and now seeking your Mandate on 18th April 2019 as an independent candidate.
A techie who quit a high-paying job in Malaysia. The grandson of former Janata Dal MP V S Krishna Iyer, he moved to India six months ago.
He is Director of Proxiom Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
and Sptham Food and Beverages Pvt. Ltd.
Proxiom Technologies Pvt. Ltd. is involved in Software publishing, consultancy and supply [Software publishing includes production, supply and documentation of ready-made (non-customized) software, operating systems software, business & other applications software, computer games software for all platforms. Consultancy includes providing the best solution in the form of custom software after analyzing the user’s needs and problems. Custom software also includes made-to-order software based on orders from specific users. Also, included are writing of software of any kind following directives of the users; software maintenance, web-page design].
The program features guests who shares their
journey, talent, struggle, humor and achievements. Bangaloreans who participate
take-away the celebrities journey of success. Get inspired.
Come in large numbers and participate on 20th
April 2019 at The Bohemian House, No. 5
Rajaram Mohan Roy Road, Sampangi Ramanagar, Bangalore – 560 027 at 4 pm to 5.30 pm.
ICC Cricket world cup 2019 is fast approaching. India Cricket squad for World cup cricket has been announced. The MSK Prasad led selection committee has named the 15 member squad to represent the country in ICC World cup cricket 2019.
Teams Qualified for the ICC cricket World-Cup 2019:
The group stage format is a round-robin, where all ten
teams play each other once, in a single group. This means a total of 45
matches will be played, with each team playing a total of nine matches. The
top four teams from the group will progress to the knockout stage.
Cricket Squad – ICC world cup 2019 :
Karthink has been chosen over Rishabh Pant.
is the vice-captain of the team.
Selection Committee has retained 7 players from the 2015 World Cup squad. 7 players will be making their debut
appearance at Cricket’s biggest event.
The Indian cricket Squad – ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 :
– ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – Indian cricket squad :
Virat Kohli :
will lead the Indian team in the ICC world Cup 2019. Presently he is the No. 1 ODI batsman.
He is a top
order Batsman who is 30 years old.
Runs – 10843
score – 183
World Cup appearances – 2011 and 2015.
scores 100 not out against Bangladesh in 2011 world cup and 107 vs. Pakistan in
2015 at Adelaide.
Rohit Sharma :
is an opening batsman who is 31 years old.
He is the most destructive batsmen of the modern era. He will be Dhawan’s opening partner in the
World cup. He amassed 330 runs in 8
matches which included one century and a couple of half centuries at an average
of over 47.
Runs – 8010
score – 264
World Cup appearance : 2015
Shikhar Dhawan :
He is a left
hand opener who is 33 years old. This
will be his second appearance in World
cup. in the previous World Cup he scored
412 runs in 8 matches at an average of 51.50.
Runs – 5355
score – 143
World Cup appearance : 2015
He is the
Wicket keeper batsman of the Indian team who is 37 years old. He is the senior most member of the Indian
winning knock of 91 not out in the 2011 World cup final is an evergreen memory
in the minds of cricket lovers in the country.
His world cup performance includes 507 runs in 20 matches (17 innings)
at an average of over 42.
Runs – 10500
score – 183*
World Cup appearance : 2007,2011 and 2015
Dinesh Karthik :
He is a
wicket keeper batsman who is 33 years old.
memorable performance was during the 2018 Nidahas trophy final against
Bangladesh (T20I Competition) when he scored an unbeaten 29 off just 8 balls
which included a last ball six. He is a capable finisher in the Indian
team. His record in 2018 includes 167
runs at an average of 41.75.
Matches : 91
Runs – 1738
score – 79
World Cup appearance : 2007
Kedar Jadhav :
He is a
batting all rounder who is 34 years old.
He is a
middle order batsman and an uncanny wicket taker. He is a spinner who can chip in with wickets
at crucial junctures. He is a formidable
player because of his ability to pace his innings according to the match
situation. This World Cup is his first.
Matches : 59
Runs – 1174
score – 120
Wickets – 27
figures – 3/23
World Cup appearance : None
Hardik Pandya :
He is an all
rounder who is 25 years old. So far he
has made a huge image in Indian cricket.
memorable performance was 76 runs strike against Pakistan in 2017ICC Champions
Trophy final. He is one of the cleanest
strikers in the Indian Team. Hardik is considered at a reliable bowler who can
trouble any batsman.
Matches : 45
Runs – 731
score – 83
Wickets – 44
figures – 3/31
World Cup appearance : None
Ravindra Jadeja :
He is an all
rounder who is 30 years old.
back during India’s successful run in the 2018 Asia cup. In Asia cup this left arm spinner claimed 7
wickets in 4 matches. He is one of the
best fielders in the Indian team. He is
a spinning all rounder.
Runs – 2035
score – 87
figures – 5/36
World Cup appearance : 2015
Kuldeep Yadav :
He is a
spinner who is 24 years old.
one of India’s wrist spinner. Some of
the batman find him virtually unplayable.
His ability of wicket taking especially outside India is remarkable (36
wickets in 15 matches in SENA countries).
His bowling approach is street smart.
Kuldeep dominates opposition batsmen.
Matches : 44
Wickets – 87
figure – 6/25
hauls – 1
World Cup appearance : None
Yuzuvendra Chahal :
He is a leg
spinner who is 28 years old.
He is not
afraid of getting hit for a 6 and will not hesitate to toss the ball up to the
batsman. Chahal is an ace spinner in the
cricket world. He is termed as a
courageous bowler. He along with Kuldeep
Yadav is making up the world’s most lethal spin bowling combination. His economy rate is 4.89. His career best bowling figure is 6-42 in
Melbourne against Australia to go with two 5 wicket hauls in 42 matches.
Matches : 41
Wickets – 72
figure – 6/42
Average – 24.61
hauls – 2
World Cup appearance : None
Jasprit Bumrah :
He is a
pacer who is 25 years. Presently he is
the world No.1 ODI bowler. He shoulder a
huge responsibility and India’s success is heavily depends on his performance.
was in 2016 in Australia. He has a spped
of over 145 km/hr. Bumrah is one of he
world’s feared bowlers. His economy rate
Matches : 49
Wickets – 85
figure – 5/27
hauls – 1
World Cup appearance : None
Bhuvaneshwar Kumar :
He is a
pacer who is 29 years old.
He is good
with a new ball. Bhuvaneshwar has the
ability to chip in with wickets in the power play overs. He is one of a kind who can swing the ball
both ways with accuracy.
figure – 5/42
hauls – 1
World Cup appearance : 2015
He is a top
order batsman who is 26 years old. Rahul
has a terrific hand-eye coordination.
Rahul has the audacity to decimate any bowling attack. He has been part of 14 ODI matches so far.
This World cup will be his first.
Matches : 14
Runs – 343
score – 100*
World Cup appearance : None
Vijay Shankar :
He is a
batting all rounder who is 28 years old.
His debut was in 2018 Nidahas Trophy T20I tournament. Shankar has played only 9 matches. He is a mature player. Shankar is
a reliable batsman in the middle.
He is a perfect fit in the Indian line up as the 2nd
fast bowling all rounder after Hardik
Matches : 9
Runs – 165
score – 46
Average – 33
Wickets – 2
figures – 2/15
World Cup appearance : None
Mohammed Shami :
He is a
pacer who is 28 years old. Shami is a
medium pacer with a vengeance. He
displays a breath taking display of old and new ball bowling. He has
played 11 ODI matches so far. ShamiI’s
19 wickets – that include wickets in ODI series in Australia, New Zealand and
India. He is a vital cog in the Indian pace department. In the previous World Cup 2015, he bagged 17
wickets in 7 matches at a strike rate of 21.5.
Matches : 63
figure – 4/35
hauls – 0
World Cup appearance : 2015
world cup 2019 schedule :
May 2019 England v/s South Africa – The
May 2019 Pakistan v/s West Indies –
Trent Bridge, Nottingham
June 2019 New Zealandv/s West Sri Lanka – Sophia
June 2019 Australia v/s Afghanistan – County
June 2019 England v/s Pakistan – Trent Bridge,
June 2019 Afghanistan v/s Sri Lanka – Sophia
June 2019 India v/s South Africa – Rose Bowl,
June 2019 Bangladesh v/s New Zealand – The Oval,
June 2019 Australia v/s West Indies – Trent
June 2019 Pakistan v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground,
June 2019 South Africa v/s West Indies – Rose
June 2019 Bangladesh v/s Sri Lanka – County
June 2019 Australia v/s Pakistan – County Ground, Taunton
June 2019 India v/s New Zealand – Trent Bridge, Nottingham
June 2019 England v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton
June 2019 Australia v/s Sri Lanka – The Oval, London
June 2019 Afghanistan v/s South Africa – Sophia Gardens,
June 2019 India v/s Pakistan – Old Trafford, Manchester
June 2019 Bangladesh v/s West Indies – County Ground, Taunton
June 2019 England v/s Afghanistan – Old Trafford, Manchester
June 2019 New Zealand v/s South Africa – Edgbaston, Birmingham
June 2019 Australia v/s Bangladesh – Trent Bridge, Nottingham
June 2019 England v/s Sri Lanka – Headingley, Leeds
June 2019 Afghanistan v/s India – Rose Bowl, Southampton
June 2019 New Zealand v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester
June 2019 Pakistan v/s South Africa – Lord’s, London
June 2019 Afghanistan v/s Bangladesh – Rose Bowl, Southampton
June 2019 England v/s Australia – Lord’s, London
June 2019 New Zealand v/s Pakistan – Edgbaston, Birmingham
June 2019 India v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester
June 2019 South Africa v/s Sri Lanka – Riverside Ground,
June 2019 Afghanistan v/s Pakistan – Headingley, Leeds
June 2019 Australia v/s New Zealand – Lord’s, London
June 2019 England v/s India – Edgbaston, Birmingham
July 2019 Sri Lanka v/s West Indies – Riverside
Ground, Chester-le- Street
July 2019 Bangladesh v/s India – Edgbaston,
July 2019 England v/s New Zealand – Riverside
July 2019 Afghanistan v/s West Indies –
July 2019 Bangladesh v/s Pakistan – Lord’s,
July 2019 India v/s Sri Lanka – Headingley,
6 July 2019 Australia v/s South Africa – Old Trafford, Manchester
Bengaluru Airport – user fee hike is by 120% . Flying out from the Bengaluru airport will be costlier by a massive 120 percent from 16th April following the airport tariff regulator (Aera) allowing it to revise upwards the user development fee (UDF) for four month.
order of AERA No. 18/2018-2019 follows the interim relief given by the Telecom
Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal’s (TDSAT) ruling of March 14,
allowing BIAL to collect revised charges for a limited period of 4 months.
is User Development Fee? (UDF):
Development Fee (UDF) is one of the many fee and tax paid by air passengers. One such fee is
the User Development Fee (UDF). It is charged at various
airports for both arriving and departing passengers.
Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA ) :
The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) is a statutory body constituted under the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008 (27 of 2008) notified vide Gazette Notification dated 5th December 2008. The AERA was established by the Government vide its notification no GSR 317 (E) dated 12.05.09 with its head office at Delhi.
It is also
known as Kempegowda
International Airport is an international airport serving
Bengaluru. Spread over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), it is located about 40
kilometres (25 mi) north of the city near the village of Devanahalli.. It
is owned and operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL), a
The airport opened in May 2008 as an alternative to increased congestion at HAL Airport, the original primary commercial airport serving the city. It is named after Kempe Gowda I, the founder of Bengaluru. Kempegowda International Airport became Karnataka’s first fully solar powered airport developed by CleanMax Solar.
PPP Model -Bengaluru Airport :
of India has granted BIAL the right to operate the airport for 30 years, with
the option to continue for another 30 years. The company is a Public-private
consortium venture. 26% is held by
government entities Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development
corporation (13%)and Airports Authority of India (13%), and 74% is held by private
companies Fairfax Financial (48%)
and Siemens Project Ventures (26%).
120% hike – Bengaluru
third busiest airport after New Delhi and Mumbai, plans to use the additional
fee to fund its expansion.
With the Aera
order coming into effect from April 16, the UDF for domestic departures will be
revised to Rs.306 from Rs.139 while for international departures it will be Rs.1,226
from Rs.558 earlier.
The new charges for
domestic and international travel translate into an increase of 120% and 119% respectively. The revised fee is applicable for tickets
procured between April 16 and August 15, the increased fee will be rolled back from
User fee hike to be utilized for the expansion of
Bengaluru airport :
The Rs.13,000 crore second phase expansion of Bengaluru Airport entails construction of a new terminal, a second runway, access roads and a multi modal transport hub. These works are scheduled to be completed by March 2021.
According to Hari Maras,
the Managing director and Chief executive, “this incremental increase in charge
will provide us with the much needed relief as we are in the midst of a
Rs.13,000 crore capacity expansion”.
mandated by Aera (Airports Economic Regulatory Authority), the money generated
from the incremental UDF hike during these four months, will be deposited in a
separate bank account and will be used only to fund the ongoing expansion.
Abdul Wahid Tanveer had a great run in the Merzouga rally as he finished at P1 in the enduro category.
Racer Abdul Wahid Tanveer entered the record
books in the recently concluded Merzouga Rally when he became the first Indian
rider to win a class in an international rally. Tanveer finished 20th in the
Both Indian teams had a solid start to their
post-Dakar 2019 campaign
Mena bags a podium for Hero in the overall classification.
Abdul Wahid Tanveer was highest placed Indian rider in 20th
Next rally for both teams will be the 2019 Desert Storm.
Merzouga rally :
Merzouga Rally is a rally raid that takes place in Morocco every year since 2010 at the beginning of October in the big dunes of Merzouga. It’s a five-day race plus prologue and a marathon stage in the desert. The stages are varied and round 2–300 km long. Navigation is the key and the competitors use the GPS Unik2, the same used on the Dakar Rally.
Safety is important as well with the competitors using the Iritrack, the tracking system studied for the African rallies. Plus a professional medical staff with 4×4 ambulances and doctors on bike and quad along the track and heli-ambulance service.
To meet the needs of the professional riders but also the necessities of amateurs, the Merzouga Rally features the division of the route in 2 categories: PRO: open to pro riders and those competitors ready for an ultimate challenge EXPERT: a technical and navigated route but less extreme stages as the Expert riders will cover the 75% of the complete route of the Pro riders. The Merzouga Raid: Ideal for those who face the desert for the first time.
At their own
pace, riding on the same route of the rally in small groups with an expert
guide. The vehicles will be equipped with world track, the satellite system
that allow to follow the vehicles on track in real time. (for the rider no
sports licence is required).
Merzouga rally :
In 2010, 40
competitors took part to the first edition of the Merzouga Rally. Every year
the rally grows reaching an average of more than 120 vehicles on track..
Italian Promoter Edoardo Mossi, the Merzouga Rally formula is addressed to all
amateurs that challenge the desert for the first time, but also for the
professional riders who wish to train in preparation of the Dakar Rally.
The racer from Mysuru said the Merzouga Rally finish has motivated him to set his sights on Dakar Rally. “Yes, Dakar Rally is in my sights. I would love to compete and it also depends on how TVS is looking at it,” he said.
According to Tanveer,
the most important part of rallying is to strike a balance between endurance,
skill and managing the bike. “We also need to know how to navigate as that
helps us to finish rallies. It all comes through experience. I also have a good
talk with my mechanic and team manager as it helps us in understanding the bike
better. While the mechanic works on the engine and other stuff, I work on minor
adjustments to suit my riding. According to me, only by having a healthy
discussion is the only way to improve in this sport,” he explained.
and mostly off-road course of Merzouga Rally makes it the perfect training ground for riders who have the
ambition to compete in the Dakar
of Abdul Wahid Tanveer :
Tanveer made his
international debut in 2017 and has been making steady progress. Competing in the Enduro class, Abdul Wahid
Tanveer won the PanAfrica Rally last year, and a few days ago, finished on top in
the Merzouga rally at Morocco.
The Enduro class is generally viewed as ideal training ground for riders looking to make the jump to the tougher rally class.
the Sherco TVS Rally team rider, “the terrain was hard, with a lot of
rocks. Navigation was the key”.
Tanveer – Inspired by sibling :
Tanveer was inspired to take up riding by his elder brother. After watching his brother in action, he started riding in local events in his home town which is Mysuru. By this he got to know that big teams select riders from National Events. So he rode a few National events and TVS selected him in 2014.
B.Selvaraj, TVS Racing is happy with Abdul Wahid Tanveer’s progress. The rally win at Morocco has shown that
Tanveer has come a long way. Tanveer uses an RTR 450 motorbike in rallies, will
be competing in the Desert Storm Rally next month.
Rally – Abdul Wahid Tanveer :
The Dakar Rally formerly known as the “Paris–Dakar Rally”) is an annual rally raid organized by the Amaury Sports Organization. Most events since the inception in 1978 were from Paris, France to Darkar, Senegal, but due to security threats in Mauritania, which led to the cancellation of the 2008 rally, races since 2009 have been held in South Africa.
The race is open to amateur and professional entries, amateurs typically making up about eighty percent of the participants.
The race is an off-road endurance event. The terrain that the competitors traverse is much tougher than that used in conventional rallying and the vehicles used are true off-road vehicles rather than modified on-road vehicles.
Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass, rocks, and erg among others. The distances of each stage covered vary from short distances up to 800–900 kms. (500–560 mi) per day.
History of Dakar rally :
The race originated in December 1977, a year after Thierry Sabine got lost in the Tenere desert whilst competing in the Abidjan-Nice rally and decided that the desert would be a good location for a regular rally.
took the start of the inaugural rally in Paris, with 74 surviving the
10,000-kilometre (6,200 mi) trip to the Senegalese capital of Dakar. Cyril Neveu holds the distinction of being the
event’s first winner, riding a Yamaha motorcycle.
rapidly grew in popularity, with 216 vehicles taking the start in 1980 and 291 in 1981. Neveu won the
event for a second time in 1980, Hubert Auriol taking honours in 1981 for BMW. By
this stage, the rally had already begun to attract the participation of famous
names from elsewhere in motorsport, such as Henri Pescarolo and Jack lckx.
Best wishes to Abdul Wahid Tanveer from Bangalorean.com team.
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder wherein the body produces an improper form of haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a protein molecule that carries oxygen in the red blood cells.
This causes a shortage of red blood cells and low levels of oxygen in the bloodstream, leading to a variety of health problems.
This disorder results in the extreme destruction of red blood cells that
leads to anaemia. Anaemia is a condition in which the haemoglobin or red blood
cells are less than the normal count.
of Thalassemia :
signs and symptoms may include:
Fatigue & drowsiness
Pale or yellowish skin/ jaundice & pale skin
Facial bone deformities
Slow / delayed growth
Cold hands and feet
Shortness of breadth
Rapid heart beat
Greater susceptibility to infections
types of thalassemia exist, including alpha-thalassemia, thalassemia intermedia
and Cooley anemia. The signs and symptoms you experience depend on the type and
severity of your condition. Some babies show signs and symptoms of thalassemia
at birth, while others may develop them during the first two years of life.
Some people who have only one affected hemoglobin gene don’t experience any
Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children.
Thalassemia disrupts the normal production of
hemoglobin and healthy red blood cells. This causes anemia. With anemia, blood
doesn’t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to tissues — leaving the
Risk factors :
Factors that increase risk of thalassemia
Family history of thalassemia – Thalassemia
is passed from parents to children through mutated hemoglobin genes. If you
have a family history of thalassemia, you may have an increased risk of the
Certain ancestry – Thalassemia occurs most often in African-Americans and in
people of Mediterranean and Southeast Asian ancestry.
Different types of thalassemia :
There are three main types of thalassemia
(and four subtypes):
beta thalassemia, which includes the subtypes major and intermedia
alpha thalassemia, which include the subtypes hemoglobin H and hydrops fetalis
All of these types and subtypes vary in
symptoms and severity. The onset may also vary slightly
Major : A Serious Disorder
more severe form of the disease is thalassemia major, also called Cooley’s
Anemia. It is a serious disease that requires regular blood transfusions and
extensive medical care.
Those with this disorder, usually show symptoms within the first two years of life. They become pale and listless and have poor appetites. They grow slowly and often develop jaundice.
Without treatment, the spleen, liver and heart soon become greatly enlarged. Bones become thin and brittle. Heart failure and infection are the leading causes of death among children with untreated thalassemia major.
The use of frequent blood transfusions and antibiotics has improved the outlook for children with thalassemia major. Frequent transfusions keep their hemoglobin levels near normal and prevent many of the complications of the disease.
But repeated blood transfusions lead to iron overload – a buildup of iron in the body – that can damage the heart, liver and other organs. Drugs known as “iron chelators” can help rid the body of excess iron, preventing or delaying problems related to iron overload.
has been cured using bone marrow transplants. However, this treatment is
possible only for a small minority of patients who have a suitable bone marrow
donor. The transplant procedure itself is still risky and can result in death.
Most children with moderate
to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old.
People with no symptoms may not realize that
they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia.
tests can detect if a person is a carrier or if they have thalassemia.
depends on the type and severity of thalassemia :
Blood transfusions: These can replenish hemoglobin and red blood cell levels. Patients with thalassemia major will need between eight and twelve transfusions a year. Those with less severe thalassemia will need up to eight transfusions each year, or more in times of stress, illness, or infection.
Iron chelation: This involves removing excess iron from the bloodstream.
Sometimes blood transfusions can cause iron overload. This can damage the heart
and other organs. Patients may be prescribed deferoxamine, a medication that is
injected under the skin, or deferasirox, taken by mouth.
complications can arise.
overload : This may be due to the
frequent blood transfusions or the disease itself.
overload raises the risk of hepatitis, (swollen liver), fibrosis (scarring in the
liver), and Cirrhosis, or progressive liver damage due to scarring.
endocrine glands produce hormones. The pituitary gland is particularly
sensitive to iron overload. Damage may lead to delayed Puberty and restricted growth. Later, there
may be a higher risk of developing
diabetes and either an underactive or overactive thyroid gland.
overload also increases the risk of arrhythmias, or abnormal heart rhythms, and congestive
Sometimes, a blood transfusion will trigger a
reaction where the person’s immune system reacts to the new blood and tries to
destroy it. It is important to have the exact blood type match to prevent this
kind of problem.
The spleen recycles red blood cells. In
thalassemia, the red blood cells may have an abnormal shape, making it harder
for the spleen to recycle them. The cells accumulate in the spleen, making it
enlarged spleen can become overactive. It can start to destroy the healthy
blood cells the patient receives during transfusions. Sometimes, a patient may
need a splenectomy, or surgical removal of the spleen. This is now less common,
because removing the spleen can lead to other complications.
the spleen leads to a higher chance of infection, and regular transfusions
increase the risk of contracting a blood-borne disease.
some cases, the bone marrow expands, deforming the bone around it, especially
the bones of the skull and face. The bone can become brittle, increasing the
risk of fracture.
Outlook about life :
outlook depends on the type of blood disorder.
A person with the thalassemia trait has a normal life expectancy. However, heart complications arising from beta thalassemia major can make this condition fatal before the age of 30 years.
In Bengaluru, Rashtrothana is helping Thalassemia patients.
Rashtrotthanna Parishat :
Parishat is a
social service organisation founded in
Bengaluru in 1965. It is an initiative started by few social workers to bring
social reforms through service activities and publications in Karnataka.
Rashtrotthana Parishat runs
various projects across the State of Karnataka.
Rashtrotthana Rakta Nidhi (Blood Bank) is one among those. It was
established in Chamarajpet, Bengaluru in
1993. It is an ISO certified blood bank,
provides blood for the needy 24
hours each day.
In 2011-2012, the blood bank collected 48,647 units of blood through various blood donation camps, and is reported to be the largest blood bank in the state.
Sports Infrastructure – plays a crucial role in achieving excellence in the global arena of sports. It not only helps in producing sports persons of international reputation but also encourages the young population of the country to participate in sporting activities with the objective of creating a culturing of sports.
In India, the standard of Sports Infrastructure is not at a satisfactory level for a number of reasons but has come a long way.
Despite all the successes, it is pertinent to mention that the status of sports infrastructure in India is yet to reach the desired level. This creates an obstacle in developing a culture of sports in the country.
Importance of sports Infrastructure :
Sports Infrastructure plays a crucial role in achieving excellence in the global arena of sports. It not only helps in producing sports persons of international repute, but also encourages the young population of a country to participate in sporting activities with the objective of creating a culturing of sports.
Sports as a social enabler :
Sports and games have historically played a
significant role in development of personality traits and qualities like
discipline, tolerance and leadership amongst the youth. With adequate support,
planning and focused implementation, immense potential of the India’s youth can
be gainfully channelized through sporting activities.
The realization of their true potential will not only build future character, but is a conduit of national integration. More importantly, our top sportsmen come from diverse parts of the country, many with limited Sports Infrastructure, thus indicating huge unexplored potential.
A road-map to Sports Infrastructure :
Over the last decade there has been a spurt in the development of Sports Infrastructure and facilities in the country. With the increase of capital investments and successful hosting of events such as the Commonwealth Games-2010, ICC World Cup-2011, the Indian Premier League, the F1 Indian Grand Prix in 2011, the Under 17 FIFA World Cup-2017.
The Indian Badminton and Soccer League are also
included in this. There are enormous commercially exploitable opportunities
present in the Indian sports industry. However, the regulation of the Indian
sports industry is highly decentralized and fragmented.
Regulation of the sector :
There is no national or state legislation for
regulation of sports in India. The
Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) was set up by the Government of
India to create the infrastructure and promote capacity building for
broad-basing sports as well as for achieving excellence in different
competitive events at National and International levels.
The National Sports Policy of 2001 was
formulated to undertake the development and promotion of various sports
prevalent in the country. Sports
promotion is primarily the responsibility of different National Sports
Federations (NFS’s)which are autonomous in nature. The MYAS
issues notifications and guidelines from time to time to regulate the
Key issues plaguing the Sports Infrastructure :
Sports development in India is often hampered by bureaucracy and politics because of the low level of private sector involvement. Many federations are highly dependent on Government funding for carrying out their key objectives, such as organizing championships, procuring equipment, and training sports persons; a model which increases the probability of breeding inefficiencies.
Further, lack of accountability of sports federations, and the restrictive and non-competitive guidelines of the Khelo India program are other factors hampering the participation of private players in the development of Sports Infrastructure. There is also a lack of clear guidelines on asset utilization and monetization.
Sports Infrastructure in India :
Sports is primarily a State
subject under the Constitution of India, and a huge portion of the sports
infrastructure is owned and managed by State Governments. Sports Authority of
India (“SAI”) builds and maintains stadia on behalf of the MYAS
(infrastructure owned and managed by the Central Government).
The Central Government through its ‘Khelo India’ initiative, has allowed grants for certain Sports Infrastructure projects and sports facilities creation at the state/union territories/district/sub-district level. State Governments and other local authorities may seek the benefit of these grants.
However, the beneficiary of such a grant has to enter into a Memorandum of understanding (“MoU”) with SAI in order to provide the latter access, for a minimum of ten years, to the facilities on a time-sharing basis for training of the trainees of SAI and holding competitions.
The utilization of the sum for
development of sports infrastructure will be limited to the strict guidelines
under the scheme.
Recent scenario :
More parents are encouraging
their children to play sports and seek a career in it. They have faith that sports can also provide
the platform for a healthy and a decent future.
This change is happening from the last decade and it is convincing that
India has arrived as a sporting nation.
The day is not very far when
India will be a force to reckon with on
the world stage. It is good that the
country have an Olympic Medalist as Union Sports Minister. This is a welcome change because the athletes
are beginning to have faith in the system.
Constant improvement :
India has begun to offer
competition in games which are not a big name at home. This is due because we do have talent. In
traditional games like hockey, tennis, badminton and athletics, there is
Swimmers have begun to make a
mark and promise in the international arena.
According to Rajyavardhan Singh
Rathore after he became the Sports Minister he declared the year 2018 as the
year of Sports for India. Before his
tenure no army recruitment took place in Jaipur district.
Budget support – sports
In India, the Union budget for 2018-19 provided Rs.2196.35 crore for sports. Out of this Rs.520.09 went to Khelo India, the governments initiative program to search for the talent. The budget of Sports Authority of India was cut by Rs.66 crore. This curtailed freedom to be liberal with proposals from national sports federations.
There is a need to concentrate on creating new infrastructure and updating the old facilities. Foreign exposure of our sports persons is needed.
A Cultural change :
Over the last decade, a lot of
athletes have not only been at the top of the world but have also inspired a
generation of athletes to look at dominating in different sports.
Importantly there has been a
big cultural change in the belief system.
Athletes no longer feel as though they are inferior in their
international counterparts and that is probably the most heartening aspect of
Some of the major initiatives taken for the development of Sports Infrastructure in India are mentioned below:
· Scheme of Grants for Creation of Sports Infrastructure including Rural Schools, for which INR 942.5 million was allocated
· Scheme of Grants for Installing of Synthetic Playing Surfaces, for which INR 201.3 million was allocated
· Scheme of Grants for Promotion of Games and Sports in Universities and Colleges, for which INR 328 million was allocated
· Scheme of assistance for the creation of Urban Sports infrastructure
The non-availability of land for building sports infrastructure is another major obstacle. Moreover, not much initiative has been observed till now in promoting sports-specific infrastructure by adopting PPP model to ensure the sustainability of these facilities.
Ola Ride-Sharing is blocked by taxi aggregator Ola at night between 11 pm and 6 am due to the safety of the passengers and the driver’s earnings.
Commuters will not be able to use ola ride-sharing to work through taxi aggregators ola.
Ola cabs :
Cabs is an Indian origin online transportation network
company developed by ANI Technologies Pvt. Ltd. As of December
2018, Ola was valued at about $5.7 billion. A variety of venture
capitalists including Softbank have large stakes in the company.
Ola Cabs was founded on 3 December 2010 as an online cab aggregator in Mumbai and is now based in Bengaluru. As of 2018, the company has expanded to a network of more than 10,00,000 vehicles across 169 cities.
In November 2014, Ola diversified to incorporate auto-rickshaws on a trial basis in Bangalore. After the trial phase, Ola Auto expanded to other cities like Delhi, Pune, Chennai and Hyderabad starting in December 2014.
January 2018, Ola extended into its first overseas market to Australia and New
Zealand in September 2018. In March of 2019, Ola began its UK operations
introducing Auto Rickshaws in UK.
The Ola Cab story:
While trying to keep
his holiday and tour planning business afloat, Bhavish had to travel from
Bengaluru to Bandipur, for which he rented out a car, which ended in a very bad
The driver stopped the
car in the middle of the journey and demanded a renegotiation of what Bhavish
was paying. After being refused, he proceeded to abandon him enroute his
This is when he
realized how his plight was probably similar to a lot of customers across the
country who were looking for a quality cab service, but ended up with a one
that stood them up, arrived and dropped them off late, didn’t stick to their
promises, and came with drivers that were nightmares behind wheels.
This made him see the
potential that an extraordinary cab booking service could have, and hence, he
changed his business from his earlier start-up to the one we today know as –
Ola Cabs. This was in December 2010, where he was joined by his co-founder Ankit
Bhati in his start-up journey.
His parents didn’t agree with his idea in the
beginning of course, like all parents. They were thoroughly displeased
with his decision to become a ‘travel agent’, but when Ola Cabs received it’s
first round of funding from two angel investors, they started to believe in the
change he was planning to bring.
Bhavish Aggarwal- is the ola co-founder and Chief-executive-officer who graduated from IIT Bombay with a B. Tech in Computer Science in the year 2008. Bhavish has worked for Microsoft research, Bengaluru for two years right after college. There, he passed two years with filing 2 patents and 3 research publishing in international journals.
While trying to chase his dream
of entrepreneurship, he started an online company to sell short duration tours
and holidays online before changing that into Ola Cabs.
Bhati heads the technical aspects of Ola cabs, ensuring a quick, convenient and
instinctive experience for customers and partners. He joined IIT Bombay in 2004
for B.tech in Mechanical Engg and M.Tech in CAD and Automation.
he had already worked on several freelance projects and startups like Wilcom,
QED42 etc. and finally decided to give up his nomadic professional life for a
start-up of his own. He joined the Olacabs journey in November 2010.
largest market – Ola ride-sharing :
Bengaluru, where Ola is headquartered, is also its single largest market in the country. The city is estimated to have 120,000 cabs, out of which around 65,000 operate on the Uber and Ola platforms interchangeably, state authorities and experts said.
isn’t the first run-in for a ride hailing firm with the Karnataka authorities.
Recently, Ola and other cab
aggregators which operate bike taxis have been facing the heat from the
Transport Department. In February, transport officials seized close to 500 such
bike taxis for operating illegally.
Ola Ride-sharing :
Thousands of commuters rely on
ride-sharing to get to places as it is affordable. But nobody knows whether it remains
permanent. The facility was stopped earlier
The passengers pay 30% to 60% less by sharing the cab with others travelling on the same route.
According to Ola the
ride-sharing block was taken to balance the value for money and viability for
customers and drivers partners.
Ola ride sharing was stopped in Chennai two weeks ago and Ola is planning to do the same in other cities eventually.
POOL and Share
have also been opposed by drivers’ unions in Karnataka as they complained that
it has brought down incentives of drivers, as customers are charged less when
they hail a shared ride.
Road space – ola ride sharing :
The ola ride sharing was well appreciated for its role in reducing congestion by carrying more people in less vehicles. The decision was a disappointing news for a lot of people who work late in the night.
According to Ola officials the
decision was taken keeping in mind the safety of the passengers and
co-passengers. Recently some complaints
about drunken passengers sharing the
ride with others creating problem was brought to the notice.
about “ease of use”, “lower prices”, and “decongesting cities”, they do not
take responsibility for the passenger’s safety. The companies do guarantee passenger
safety even after the rider has boarded the cab.
In a country where fake
identity proofs are so common, allowing strangers to share rides can be risky.
Ola cab ban :
Recently Ola was banned. Ola cabs ban was Implemented in Bengaluru for 6 months but was revoked later after penalising. The Karnataka Transport Department on 22nd March 2019 suspended the licence of online cab operator Ola for 6 months in Bengaluru.
This ban came in the wake of ola running its bike taxis while possessing a licence only to run four wheelers.
a great start to the year – funding, getting the likes of Flipkart Co-founder
Sachin Bansal on its board, but it’s legal issues just doesn’t seem to end.
Bansal – Investment in Ola :
Bansal has taken up 70588 fully & compulsorily cumulative series J preference shares. The face value of the share is Rs.10 at a premium of Rs.21240 per share.
Ola has raised Rs.520 crore
from existing investor Steadview Capital. Sanchin Bansal is also setup up
a $1 billion fund, has invested in ola cabs in his individual capacity.
investment is to be one of the biggest of Sachin Bansal. The investment
comes at a time when ola is competing with the global rival Uber in India.
Ola ride-sharing pass :
Share Pass offers the convenience of hassle free daily commute on Ola Share rides with its fixed fares. Share Pass is automatically applied to all Ola Share rides that one takes in Bengaluru city for which the commuter have purchased the pass, provided that the pass fare is lower than the Share fare.
Conclusion – ola ride-sharing :
rape and molestation have never stopped doing the rounds with cab-hailing
companies. “Women safety can’t be jeopardized”.
According to a ola ride sharing
commuter “OLA RIDE SHARING FOR YOU IS CHEAP, HORRIBLE, UNRELIABLE BUT YES
COMES AFFORDABLE IF YOU HAVE PLENTY OF TIME TO SPEND IN OLA CAB AND HAS NO
VALUE TO YOUR TIME WITH NO ONE SICK WITH YOU, You are welcome to take the ride
but if your time has value and you have sick people with you then never ever do
BJP (the Bharatiya Janata Party) Manifesto for Lok Sabha elections 2019 is
been released. The BJP has been active
in public sphere for decades guided by the ideological foundation laid down by
Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee and carried forward by Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya
through his mission of Antyodaya (Garib Kalyan) .
This document is a compendium of BJP’s promises and commitments that the party make to fellow citizens who stand with the party on the journey of development.
This vision document of BJP is the vision of an uninterrupted journey upon which the party had embarked with the blessings of the people in 2014. This vision document is BJP’s plan of action for achieving the objectives and to fulfil the aspirations of every Indian.
Nation First :
Zero-Tolerance Approach to Terrorism : This is exemplified by the Surgical Strikes
and the Air Strikes carried out recently.
National Security :
Self-reliance in defence sector
Welfare of Soldiers
Modernization of Police Forces :
Modernizing the Central Armed Police Forces to
further increase their capacity and
readiness and enable them to effectively combat internal security challenges.
Providing assistance to the states to upgrade their
police forces through the ‘Scheme for Modernization of Police Forces’.
Combating Infiltration :
There has been a huge change in the cultural and
linguistic identity of some areas due to illegal immigration, resulting in an
adverse impact on local people’s livelihood and employment.
To undertake effective steps to prevent illegal
immigration in the North-Eastern States.
A pilot project on the use of technology to strengthen border security (Smart Fencing) was implemented in Dhubri (Assam). Will
implement this on all borders.
Reinforcing border security :
Focus on creation of developmental and other
necessary infrastructure in border areas to ensure that border security is
strengthened, and to enable increased participation of and benefits for border areas
in the country’s development and progress.
Building six integrated check-posts with another
under construction to facilitate easier trade and travel from the neighboring
countries. Easing the movement of goods and people by
constructing 14 more integrated check-posts by 2024. After completion of all the proposed integrated
check-posts, all trade movement with Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan will be
conducted through the integrated check-posts.
Coastal safety :
After effectively strengthening coastal security
through implementation of a coastal security scheme to provide modern equipment
and allocating funds to the states for establishing coastal police stations,
establishment of National Committee for Strengthening Maritime & Coastal
Security, Island Information System and National Academy of Coastal Policing.
Combating left wing extremism :
Strong actions to reduce left wing extremism to a very large extent and limited them to small pockets. We are committed to taking necessary and effective steps against left wing extremism to eliminate this menace in the next 5 years. In the last 5 years, the party has focused on the development of economic and social infrastructure such as roads, mobile towers, schools and medical facilities in the tribal areas affected by left wing extremism and BJP will continue to make efforts in this direction.
Jammu & Kashmir – Article 370 :
Necessary action to ensure peace in Jammu and Kashmir through decisive actions and a firm policy. The BJP party is committed to overcome all obstacles that come in the way of development and provide adequate financial resources to all the regions of the state. We reiterate our position since the time of the Jan Sangh to the abrogation of Article 370.
Doubling Farmer’s income :
At the very beginning of our current term, Prime Minister
Modi embarked on a mission to double farmers’ income. We will make all efforts
to achieve this goal by 2022.
Welfare of Farmers :
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana to all – have launched Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana to ensure financial support to farmers owning land up to 2 hectares. We will further expand the coverage of the scheme to all the farmers in the country.
Pension for small and marginal farmers – will launch a pension scheme for all small and marginal farmers in the country so as to ensure social security to them on reaching 60 years of age.
Rs. 25 lakh crore investment in Agri-rural sector – are committed to making an investment of Rs. 25 lakh crore to improve the productivity of the farm sector.
Interest-free Kisan Credit Card loans – BJP will provide short -term new agriculture loans up to Rs. 1 lakh at a 0% interest rate for 1-5 years on the condition of prompt repayment of the principal amount.
Voluntary enrollment in Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana – Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana has ensured risk mitigation and provided insurance cover for all farmers and will make enrolment of farmers under the scheme voluntary.
Empowering Farmers through Policies – will work towards reducing all agricultural imports and institute a predictable export and import policy with a built-in mechanism for encouraging exports and discouraging imports.
Assurance of Quality Seeds – We will ensure timely availability of improved seeds of promising varieties at affordable rates with doorstep testing facilities.
Development of Agri-allied sectors :
Oilseeds Mission – We will launch a new mission
to achieve self-sufficiency in oil seeds
and other agri-products.
Warehouse Network across the Country – will
build an efficient storage and transport
mechanism for agriculture produce
To ensure greater promotion and increase
profitability under organic farming.
National Bee-keeping and Honey Mission: will launch a National Bee-keeping and Honey
Mission to ensure additional returns to the farmers and l double the honey
production from the present 11,500 MT by developing infrastructural facilities
and providing marketing support.
Expanding Irrigation in Mission Mode :
The party has completed work on the long-pending 31 irrigation projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana and work will soon be completed on the remaining 68 projects in phases up to December 2019. Continuing efforts to developing irrigation, will further expand Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana to realize 100% irrigation potential of the country within a defined time-frame.
BJP will bring one crore hectares agricultural land under micro-irrigation, this would be supplemented with ‘fertigation’ to promote judicious use of fertilizers.
Recognizing the role of cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) can play in ensuring better market linkages and opportunities in the agricultural sector and we are committed to support and strengthen them.
BJP Will enable the creation of 10,000 new Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) by 2022 to ensure economies of scale for farmers regarding access to inputs and markets.
To cater to the needs of big cities BJP will set up a mechanism of direct marketing of vegetables, fruits, dairy and fishery products through farmers’ cooperative organizations so as to ensure better price return to the farmers.
Convergence of Agriculture and Technology :
BJP will create a mobile app based system for promoting the availability of agri-implements on rental/custom hiring basis.
Will extensively use technology to ensure a better knowledge of the market prices of various agro-products for the benefit of farmers.
Will enable development of young agri-scientists to take advantage of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Blockchain technology, Big Data analytics etc. for more predictive and profitable precision agriculture
View solar energy as an additional source of income for farmers and will encourage solar farming on a massive scale so as to enable the ‘Annadaata’(food provider) to become ‘Urja-daata’ (energy provider).
Digitization of Land Records – On the lines of Aadhaar project, we will complete digitization of land records on a mission mode. We will implement second-generation land reforms to ensure title guarantee for the landholder and reduce land-related litigation. We will create a model law for conclusive titling (in consultation with states) promoting title guarantee and title insurance and work with States to implement this system.
Animal Husbandry :
Have given utmost importance to the dairy sector and have established Kamdhenu Aayog for the conservation of indigenous species of cattle. Will establish a network of mobile veterinary dispensaries to provide doorstep service to farmers.
Will roll out a model programme for periodic health checkup of all cattle and other domestic animals at the district level with the help of veterinary experts from the public and private sector.
BJP will expand the coverage of immunization and eliminate Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis.
Will launch a National Feed and Fodder Mission to eliminate the shortage of fodder.
Fisheries – Blue revolution :
Will launch ‘Matsya Sampada Yojana’ with an allocation of Rs. 10,000 crores to ensure availability of storage and marketing tools and infrastructure like ice-boxes, cold storages, ice-plants etc. for small and traditional Fishermen.
BJP will promote aquaculture through easy access to credit.
Will facilitate farming of sea-weed, pearl as well as ornamental Fish to ensure a better return to the Fishermen.
Will bring all Fishermen under the ambit of all welfare programmes and social security schemes with expanded coverage for accident insurance.
On the Path of Gram Swaraj :
Saashray (Housing) – will ensure a pucca house
to every family who are either living in a kuchha house or have no access to
housing by 2022.
Sujal (Drinking Water) – will launch ‘Jal Jivan
Mission’ under which we will introduce a special program, ‘Nal se Jal’ to ensure
piped water connection to every household by 2024.
Suchna se Sashaktikaran (Digital connectivity
through Bharatnet) – will ensure that every Gram Panchayat is connected through
a high speed optical ªbre network by 2022.
Sadak se Samriddhi (Road connectivity) – will
launch a massive ‘Rural Road Upgradation Programme’ to connect centres of
education, healthcare centres, and markets with hinterlands to promote rural
Swachhata se Sampannata (Swachh Bharat Mission)
– will ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste water and reuse of waste water.
India as the World’s 3rd Largest Economy :
Roadmap for 5 trillion dollar economy :
India was branded as ‘fragile five’ in 2014. Within five years, we have turned India into a bright spot that is not only the fastest growing major economy of the world but also enjoys macroeconomic stability. We have already become the world’s sixth largest economy and will soon be among the top five. The party aspire to make India the third largest economy of the world by 2030. This implies that we commit to make India a US $ 5 trillion economy by 2025 and US $ 10 trillion economy by 2032.
When compared to all governments post-1991, this government has delivered the highest rate of average GDP growth (7.3%) over the last five years and maintained lowest rate of average consumer inflation (4.6%). The consumer in action is presently at 2.6%. This has been achieved with lower fiscal deficits and significantly lower current account deficit as a percentage of GDP. Average fiscal deficit as a percentage of GDP during 2014-19 has been brought down to 3.7% from 5.4% during 2009-14. Reduction in fiscal deficit of this order implies less burden of debt on future generations by almost Rs.16 lakh crores. Average Current account deficit as a percentage of GDP during this government has been reduced to 1.5% from 3.3% during 2009-14.
Tax policy :
Economic policy has been guided by the principle
of lowering the tax rate and improving compliance; thereby broadening of the
tax base. With improved compliance and increased tax base, the tax to GDP ratio
has reached 12%, highest in the recent past, up from 10.1% in 2013-14. This
increased revenue has been deployed for benefits to the poor and creation of
infrastructure at an unprecedented level. We will continue with our policy in
the similar manner – lowering of tax rate thereby rewarding honest tax payers
and improving compliance.
Goods & services tax
Goods and Service Tax (GST) has resulted in
overall lowering of tax rates and increased revenue collection, particularly
for States. When compared to base year of 2015-16, GST revenue for all states
have increased by 50% in three years. We will continue with the simplication of
GST process by engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders.
Promoting Yoga globally :
BJP will further continue efforts to promote Yoga globally as the world celebrates 21st June as the International Yoga Day. We will promote Yoga as a vital method to achieve physical wellness and spiritual rejuvenation across the globe and will continue to work towards training of Yoga practitioners. We will undertake a rapid expansion of Yoga health hubs, Yoga tourism and research in Yoga.
Rs.100 lakh crore investment :
While social security net for the poor and
farmers will be expanded, we will take up capital investment in the country to
a new height. By 2024, we will make capital investment of Rs.100 lakh crore in
the infrastructure sector. We recognize that investment driven growth requires
cheaper cost of capital. By anchoring inflation at 4% and cleaning up our
banking system we have created the space for structural reduction in the cost
of capital. This will not only help infrastructure investment but investment
also in the wider economy. Thus, new India will be built on the basis of
investment driven growth.
Make in India :
With the aim of developing India into a knowledge based, skill supported and technology driven society, we have launched the ‘Make in India’ campaign. A beginning has already been made through our initiatives like Digital India, Startup India and Skill India. To bring in fast and inclusive growth, we have also carried out substantial reforms in the last few years in terms of de-regulation and delicensing, with an aim to improve ease of doing business. More than 90% FDI approvals are now through the automatic route. FDI has grown by almost 50% in the last five years. Similarly, implementation of One Nation, One Tax through GST has brought all businesses under single tax net.
Making India a global manufacturing hub – as the party position India as a global manufacturing hub over the next five years.
Micro, small and medium enterprises :
A special package was launched by the Government
to boost the MSME sector. The Credit Guarantee Scheme of the Government of
India is an important component wherein loans to MSME are guaranteed. Under
this alone, the credit of around Rs.19,000 crore was achieved in 2017-18. Would
aim to take this figure to Rs.1,00,000
crore by 2024.
Technology access and upgradation are key
elements in the MSME sector. The government
has taken a major step in expanding of ‘Technology Centres’ and would achieve
more than 150 such centres all over the country by 2024. These Technology
Centres would help in mentoring skilling and prototyping of MSMEs. They will
expose MSMEs to Artificial l Intelligence, Robotics, Internet of Things, Virtual
Reality, BlockChain technology and Zero
Defect Zero Effect.
The Technology Centres, other skilling centres
of MSMEs and NSICs incubation centres alone would provide focussed and high
level skilling to more than 6 lakh people per year.
Welfare of Small Traders –
Will establish National Traders’ Welfare Board
and create a National Policy for Retail Trade for the growth of retail
To protect the interests of small traders, we
will provide an accident insurance of 10 lakh rupees to all the traders
registered under GST.
On the lines of Kisan credit card, we will also
create a scheme to give merchant credit card to registered merchants.
Entrepreneurship & StartUps :
To encourage the spirit of entrepreneurship amongst the youth, we will launch a new scheme to provide collateral-free credit up to 50 lakh for entrepreneurs. We will guarantee 50% of the loan amount for female entrepreneurs and 25% of the loan amount for male entrepreneurs.
India is now among the largest Startup ecosystems of the world. Will further strengthen this ecosystem by:
Easing regulatory requirement for start-ups
Targeting time spent for tax compliance at 1 hour per month
Facilitating establishment of 50,000 new Startups in the nation by 2024
Creating 100 Innovation Zones in Urban Local Bodies
Selling up 500 new incubators and accelerators by 2024
Initiating ranking of Central Ministries, departments, State Governments and CPSUs for their increased engagement with start-ups and in bringing in innovation and newer technologies and global practices and skills.
BJP will continue to promote and encourage Startups through creation of a ‘Seed Startup Fund’ of Rs. 20,000 crore.
Will support entrepreneurial ventures started by individuals from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Communities, or Economically Weaker Sections and take forward the ‘Standup India’ initiative.
BJP will set-up new ‘Entrepreneurial Northeast’ scheme to provide Financial support to the micro, small and medium industries and for employment generation in the North-eastern state.
Using Tourism to Cluster Services :
Within the services sector, tourism will be
special focus because it brings together many different service segments.
Will identify special places of cultural or natural importance in order to develop them as comprehensive
destinations instead of leaving them as isolated sites. This requires that we
look at transpoĒ connection, heritage conservation, hotels, restaurants,
entertainment and other services in an
integrated way. We will make an effort
to ensure that all these services interconnect. Therefore, the
government will make sure that schemes/ agencies such as Swachh Bharat, ASI,
forest department and local government work together with the travel and
hospitality industry. All UNESCO heritage sites in India will be upgraded to
international level facilities.
eastern states and our Island/coastal areas will be developed while
being sensitive to conserving their ecological uniqueness. Similarly, places of
cultural importance will be developed
while maintaining their unique heritage. As we have recently demonstrated by
projects in Varanasi, an effort will be
made to upgrade these sites while being sensitive to their historical/cultural
Transparent economy :
Will continue our crackdown on Benami properties
and illegal foreign bank accounts to benefit
honest taxpayers and the poor of the country. We will also expedite our
actions to bring fugitive economic offenders back to India and prosecute them
for their crimes.
International Trade :
BJP Will ensure faster customs clearance of international cargo by relaxing clearance procedures, introducing self-declaration etc and adopting new scanning technology. Will also provide adequate financial and institutional support for exporters and export organizations to build capacity and equip them with adequate information to ensure unhindered exports.
Foundation for New India :
Will aim at next generation infrastructure which will include gas grids and water grids, i-ways, regional airports and way side amenities along National highways.
BJP will continue the fast pace with more and more public and private investment and efficient ground level management on building of infrastructure further and to improve the quality of life and enhance the ease of living.
In addition to ensuring efficiency in the economy this will also lead to creation of a large number of jobs and livelihood opportunities.
Ensuring Urban Development :
Through the development of infrastructure and
connectivity, we will ensure the further
development of suburban townships and new urban centres.
Will set up five regional centres of excellence
on urban issues. These centres will provide support to states and local bodies on issues of urban
governance and growth.
Urban Mobility –
will launch a National Urban Mobility Mission to provide technology
based urban mobility solutions to all urban local bodies and increase the use
of public transport , enhance walkability and cycle use. Under this mission, we
will incentivize cities to integrate the public transport systems such as
metro, local trains and local buses with the private service providers in the
sector such as, private bus operator, private taxi operator, the auto-rickshaw,
e-rickshaw services, pedestrian and cycling infrastructure for a seamless and
smooth last mile connectivity. Will also promote a common mobility card/
ticketing across different rent modes of transport.
In the next five
years, will ensure that 50 cities are covered with a strong metro
Swachh Bharat Mission :
Have constructed over 9 crore toilets under our flagship program, Swachh Bharat Mission. Will take the Mission to a new level through sustainable Solid Waste Management in every village. Through the mission, we will ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste through emphasis on faecal sludge management and reuse of waste water in rural, peri urban and unsewered areas.
BJP ill ensure that all habitations attain open defecation free status and those that have retained the status sustain the behavioural change.
Jal Shakthi :
Water is a critical resource but its management
is spread across various departments, even at the Central level. We will form a
new Ministry of Water unifying the water management functions to approach the
issue of water management holistically and ensure better coordination of
efforts. The Ministry will expeditedly take forward the ambitious program,
conceptualized by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, for linking rivers from different
parts of the country and ensure a solution to the problems of drinking water
and irrigation. We will initiate work on this program by constituting an
Will launch ‘Jal Jivan Mission’ under which we
will introduce a special program, ‘Nal se Jal’ to ensure piped water for every
household by 2024.
Will ensure sustainability of water supply
through special focus on conservation of rural water bodies and ground water
Road Connectivity :
In continuation to our existing milestone of constructing roads at an unprecedented pace, we will construct 60,000 kms of National Highways in the next five years.
Will double the length of National Highways by 2022.
Will complete the Phase-1 of Bharatmala Project expeditiously. We will also launch Bharatmala 2.0 project especially with a view to support the states to develop state road networks connecting the interior regions to the main roads and to effectively leverage the economic potential and market opportunities of the concerned regions.
BJP will bring in new technologies and designs in road construction, operation and maintenance.
Want to become a world leader in e-mobility. 10,000 crores have already been allocated to launch a program for promoting clean energy and battery operated vehicles. We will further work on this front to ensure expansion of this new mobility experience.
Have made all efforts to make the experience of rail journey safe, smooth, clean and satisfying and have achieved great results. We will continue the pace of work in this regard and encourage private participation in the development of railway amenities and infrastructure and provision of services.
Will ensure conversion of all viable rail tracks to broad gauge by 2022.
Will make all efforts to ensure electrification of all railway tracks by 2022.
Will expand connectivity and experience of high speed trains and new version trains such as Vande Bharat Express across the length and breadth of the country in the next five years.
Will complete the dedicated freight corridor project by 2022.
BJP will launch a massive program for modernization of railway stations in the country.
Will equip all main railway stations with Wi-Fi facility by 2022.
Establishment of new airports :
In 2014 there were 65 functional airports and
there are a total of 101 functional airports today. In the next five years, we
will double the number of functional airports.
Coastal development :
Potential of coastal development for
transportation, tourism and for economic upliftment of coastal communities has
remained unexploited in the country. To exploit this potential fully, we have
launched the Sagarmala program and will ensure speedy completion of the
projects under this program.
Will double our port capacity in the next five
Will further encourage integrated development of
coastal areas including coastal cities, coastal transport and coastal
Will undertake the upgradation of infrastructure
for connecting the coast and hinterland to ensure smooth transportation.
will continue to focus on development of inland
waterways for shifting inland cargo movement from road and rail to water
Party had made a commitment to provide 24×7
electricity to all and the country has substantially attained the goal. All
remaining villages have been electrified. Similarly, almost all remaining households
have been provided with an electricity connection. Thus, we are near completion
of our promise in a record time. We will further work towards completing any
unfinished task in this regard.
Exceptional work has been done in adding to the
electricity generated and in laying down of transmission lines and in putting
up the nationwide transmission grid. With these milestone achievements, India
can now claim that quantum of or access to electricity is no longer an issue.
India has become a global champion in addressing
the issues of climate change through effective
and feasible interventions. We have achieved cumulative installed
renewable energy capacity of 76.87 GW as on February, 2019 and are on track to
achieve our goal of 175 GW by 2022. We will continue our efforts in this regard and make it a popular
movement. We will further make all efforts to invite other countries of the
world to become members of the International Solar Alliance.
Digital Connectivity :
Every Gram Panchayat will be connected with high
speed optical fibre network by 2022. Through village level high speed broadband
services, we will provide a range of services such as telemedicine,
tele-education and agriculture related advisories.
Health for All :
Making Healthcare Accessible :
While providing annual health cover of Rs. 5 lakh to 10.74 crore poor families under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana under Ayushman Bharat, we also initiated a programme to set up 1,50,000 Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) by 2022. Till date 17,150 HWCs have become functional. We will take up the program of HWCs to next level. We will target provisioning of telemedicine and diagnostic laboratory facilities at these HWCs by 2022 to ensure quality primary medical care to the poor at his doorstep.
BJP will create an essential devices list and a separate pricing policy for medical devices to ensure their accessibility and affordability to masses.
Strengthening Health Infrastructure :
With our initiatives, we have successfully
reached the stage of ensuring one Medical College for every three Parliamentary
Constituencies. We will take it forward and set up one Medical College or Post
Graduate Medical College in every district, through public or private
participation, by 2024. To start with 75
such Medical Institutes will be set up by 2022. This would ensure availability
and accessibility of quality secondary and tertiary medical care to the
citizens across the diverse landscape of our country.
In a mere span of 5 years, we have increased the
number of MBBS seats by 18,000 and that of Postgraduate Medical seats by
12,000. We would further accelerate the
pace of reforms in medical education sector so as to ensure transparency on one
hand and improved doctor: population ratio on the other hand. With our
efforts we will double the number of
MBBS and Specialist doctors in the country by 2024 as compared to the work done
from 1947 till 2014. Further, we will also accelerate the reforms in
para-medical education sector so as to increase the availability of nurses, pharmacists
and other paramedical personnel.
Will also accelerate the reforms in paramedical
education sector so as to increase the availability of nurses, pharmacists and
other paramedical personnel.
Immunization and Nutrition :
BJP will endeavour to make the National Nutrition Mission a mass movement and strengthen infrastructure and capacity in all Anganwadis.
The Mission Indradhanush program has ensured full immunization of 3.39 crore children and 87.18 lakh pregnant mothers. Further, the annual increase in the rate of immunization has jumped from 1% per year to 6% per year. Continuing this pace, we will ensure full immunization coverage for all the children and pregnant women by 2022.
Eliminating Tuberculosis :
Tuberculosis claims more lives every year than any
other infectious disease. As on today, more than 25 lakh citizens are suffering
from TB while over 3 lakh persons die due to TB every year. The disease mainly
affects the poor and malnourished. We
have rolled out a Special Mission to eliminate TB from India by 2025. We will
ensure this becomes a success much ahead of the target given in Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs)
Good Governance :
Simultaneous Elections :
The party is committed to the idea of
simultaneous elections for Parliament, State assemblies and local bodies to
reduce expenditure, ensure efficient utilization of government resources and
security forces and for effective policy
planning. We will try to build consensus on this issue with all parties.
Single Voter List – In order to ensure that
every citizen gets the right to exercise his/her franchise for all public
bodies and to avoid confusion created by multiple voter lists, we will strive
to ensure a common voter list for all elections.
Corruption-free Bharath :
In order to curb corruption, the Modi government
has taken many effective steps such as enacting the Fugitive Economic Offenders
Act,2018, Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act,2018, and the Benami
Transaction Prohibition (Amendment) Act, 2016. We have eliminated inertia in
the government by ensuring decisive actions under the leadership of Prime
Minister Modi and will continue to make efforts to ensure more effective
governance and transparent decision making.
Civil Service and Governance Reforms :
To transform India into a developed nation, we need to work with the guiding principle of “Minimum Government and Maximum Governance” and we will bring reform in the Civil Services and implement it in a manner to achieve the same. In order to ensure better implementation of policies and coordination, we will merge similar and complementary departments into sectoral ministries. This will allow policymakers to frame holistic and comprehensive policies on the one hand and ensure smooth implementation on the other.
BJP will continue to implement the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan in a focused manner to build the capacity of members of Panchayati Raj Institutions and ensure effective delivery of schemes at the grassroots.
Police reforms :
Police is the most basic and key functionary
affecting the people’s life. An effective policing and peaceful law and order
is the key to growth and development. Our present police and policing is based
upon the colonial police force and there is a need to change and transform the
police according to the challenges of the 21st century. Therefore, we will
bring Police Reform. We will formulate a ‘Model Police Act’ in consultation
with the States to have a pro-people citizen friendly police. This will take
the Indian policing at par with its contemporaries anywhere in the world.
Judicial Reforms :
BJP will work towards simplifying procedural laws, encouraging mediation and strengthening judicial and court management system in order to increase accessibility.
Making India the centre of arbitration – We will increase the number of Alternative Dispute Resolution forums to ensure avenues for quick disposal of matters. Will also take all necessary steps to make India a hub of arbitration services.
International Financial Services Centre Authority :
In order to establish India as a hub of
financial services, we will expedite the enactment of legislation for creating
an International Financial Services Centre Authority which will put in place a
robust regulatory framework. We will continue and further increase the ongoing incentives
to expand digital transactions.
Implementing Cooperative Federalism Effectively :
The party has
set an example of inclusive federal governance through steps such as the
creation of NITI Aayog, establishment of the GST council and restructuring of
central schemes in line with our pledge of cooperative federalism. We will
continue to pursue this course by ensuring greater involvement of the states in
all aspects of policy making and governance thereby strengthening federalism.
We will also ensure implementation of the 14th Finance Commission’s
Ease of Living :
BJP will set up a committee for Easing Citizens’ Interactions with Government (CECIG) to work with experts in reforming citizen’s interface with Government across domains such as taxes, business compliance, rules and regulations for greater simplicity and ease.
To empower citizens and ensure time-bound delivery of public services, we will explore every avenue to implement the Right to Service.
Science and Technology :
The future belongs to Science and Technology and
the use of technology for development of people. We will launch a new Science
Mission for development of cutting edge technologies and future technologies
with two submissions, specifically focused on (a) artificial l intelligence
mission and (b) robotic research mission with the aim to leapfrog into the
future world of cutting edge technologies.
Our first agenda is our people. Today much of
our S&T investment is in central institutions. We will aim to spread this
to the 95% of students who attend state government institutions also. This will
be done by investment from the government through a National Research
Foundation in partnership with States. Industry investment in R&D will also
be enhanced, in partnership with our network of national laboratories.
Will launch a Language Translation Mission that
will enable ready translation of English text in Science & Technology and
humanities in any of our languages. This will take the best works, bilingually,
to every student in the country.
Will initiate a genome mission for human health
that will bring the latest diagnosis and treatment to our entire population
through frugal innovation.
Will explore the diversity of our oceans, have a
human crewed submersible going to the deepest oceans that will facilitate
sustainable use of resources. With a thrust on non-fossil fuels, our research
mission in this area will reduce imports and make India a leader in new
The supercomputer, Artificial Intelligence and
Quantum Missions will make India not only Industry 5.0 ready but also a leader.
The Swachh Bharat mission has transformed one side of Swachhata. Now we will
get the latest technologies to transform Waste to Energy and Wealth in a major
mission. We will also strive towards semiconductor manufacturing within the
achieving unprecedented success through Mission Shakti, the party is
committed to ensuring that ‘Gaganyaan’ successfully demonstrates scientific
capabilities of executing a manned mission in space. We will start the ‘National Program for Rapid Research in
Socially Contextual Technologies’ to create research paths in desirable
technologies and to manage financing of such projects in coordination with the
Forest and Environment :
Have ensured speed and effectiveness in issuing
forest and environmental clearances for eligible projects due to which we have
added around 9000 Sq. Kms to the forest cover of the country. We are
committed to maintaining this pace
through adoption of cleaner practises to make our nation a greener country.
Have evolved technologically better strategies
and devices to map the level of pollution in cities and rivers and have taken
effective steps to reduce the level of pollution in major cities, including the
national capital. Will convert the National Clean Air Plan into a Mission and
we will focus on 102 most polluted cities in the country. Through concerted
action, we will reduce the level of pollution in each of the mission cities by
at least 35% over the next five years.
Have continuously protected and promoted the
interest of forest dwellers particularly the tribal communities. We have
endeavoured to provide basic amenities, such as roads, telephone connectivity
and cooking gas connection in addition to houses and toilets, at the doorstep
of people living in remotest forest areas. We are committed to continuing our
work in this direction.
Protecting the Himalayas :
BJP will ensure the Himalayan States are provided special financial assistance in the form of a ‘Green Bonus’ to facilitate the protection and promotion of forests in those states.
Focusing on Island territories :
Have taken important steps such as establishing
the Island Development Authority to ensure the overall development of the
island regions. We will continue to focus on these areas given their economic
potential and strategic importance.
Will preserve the unique identity of
Andaman-Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands and build a world class infrastructure
compatible with the local ecosystem. We will focus on fully developing the
potential of tourism in these islands to bring transformational improvement in
the standard of living and income of the residents.
Focusing on Union Territories :
Will develop Union Territories as models of
development and good governance, and ensure the highest quality of living,
citizen services and infrastructure for the residents of Union Territories.
Development of Northern States :
Have ensured that the insurgency in the
North-eastern States is brought under control and the security situation in
these states improved significantly. We will leverage this situation to ensure
accelerated development of the North-eastern states.
Will continue to focus on the development of
infrastructure and improved connectivity in this region to ensure that the
North-eastern states duly participate in
the economic progress of the country. We will continue to take the necessary
steps to leverage the tremendous potential of hydroelectric, tourism, horticulture
etc in the North-eastern states.
The party is committed to ensure that the unique
linguistic, cultural and social identity of the North-eastern States is
adequately protected and take steps to ensure the same.
Yuva Bharat – Tomorrow’s India :
Creating Opportunities for Youth :
BJP will create new opportunities of employment by providing more support to the 22 major ‘Champion Sectors’ identified as the main drivers of Indian economy. We will optimally leverage the untapped employment-generation of potential of sectors such as defence and pharmaceuticals to take advantage of the opportunities available in domestic and foreign markets.
Entrepreneurship & Start-Ups- To encourage the spirit of entrepreneurship amongst the youth.
Youth In Governance :
Engaging Youth with Society – To ensure increased
participation of youth in our society.
Youth in Urban Governance – will support a large scale internship program for the
youth in urban local bodies, matching skills needed by the local bodies and
providing the young with much needed understanding of urban issues.
BJP will map state and district-wise sport talent and strengths, recognize the traditional sporting practices and focus on the promotion of special sports in special regions.
The government has taken comprehensive steps to develop the culture of sports in the country through the ‘Khelo India’ scheme, and we will continue to provide adequate resources under this scheme to ensure the achievement of declared objectives. Under this scheme, special attention will be given to encourage sporting talent among women and tribals.
In order to further promote sports will introduce practical sports courses as part of the educational curriculum and also establish a National Sports Education Board for the development of sports persons.
Will support the creation of a mini-stadium in each sub-district, with the participation of state governments, to encourage sports and to make sporting infrastructure available in the rural areas.
Will formulate a mechanism to ensure that the capacity of existing sporting infrastructure is easily accessible for use of sports persons and new models including PPP will be explored to ensure maintenance and management of such assets.
Will promote the Fit India campaign as an integral part of building a culture of sports in India and will consistently undertake necessary steps to encourage broader awareness and participation in the campaign.
Education for All :
Primary and Secondary Education :
Having achieved access and equity in school education, our emphasis will now be on quality of learning. Have already identified learning outcomes for various classes and our priority in the next five years will be to ensure that children achieve these learning outcomes. Will focus on teachers training and capacity building as a key factor in achieving these learning outcomes.
We consider it our duty to provide a conducive environment for talented children in our country to facilitate them to unleash their talent. For this, we will initiate a ‘Prime Minister Innovative Learning Program’ to bring together such children for a certain period in a year in one place from all over the country and provide them with facilities and resources for them to excel. This would instill a culture of lateral thinking and innovation among them.
BJP will establish National Institutes of Teachers’ training. These institutions would provide four-year integrated courses that would set the standards for quality teachers in our schools. We will also motivate States to replicate this model as it is our firm belief that quality teachers lay the foundation of quality learning.
We are committed to using technology in classrooms and in imparting education. Will move ahead to provide smart classes to our children in schools. To begin with, we will initiate this process in the secondary classrooms.
Kendriya Vidayalalas and Navodaya Vidayalas have done yeoman service in the field of school education. In order to cater to the demands of more such schools, we aim to open another 200 such schools by 2024.
Higher Education :
BJP will take all necessary steps to increase the number of seats in Central Law, Engineering, Science and Management institutions by at least 50% in the next five years. We will also motivate States to accordingly increase the number of seats in State institutions.
We have given due emphasis to on-line courses as a medium of delivering education in the last five years. We will take it to the next level and make it a major resource for imparting higher education.
While we have world-class Technology, Science and Medical institutions, the same needs to be replicated in other areas. We will set up an Arts, Culture and Music University with a focus on fine arts such as music and dance. We will also open a state-of-the-art Hospitality and Tourism University and a Police University. States will be encouraged to establish similar institutions of excellence.
BJP will relook the role of existing regulatory institutions’ and make necessary changes in the legislation to ensure a regulatory overhaul. We will formulate new regulatory mechanism to provide autonomy to quality institutions and focus towards setting national standards. It will work towards promoting excellence and quality learning in higher education while providing academic and functional autonomy to institutions.
In the past five years, our emphasis has been on quality higher educational institutions and Institutions of Eminence have been a step in that direction. We will take it forward in the next five years and create 50 such institutions by 2024.
In the past 5 years, a number of our institutions have figured in the top 500 institutions of the world. We will encourage academic institutions towards excellence and motivate more such institutions to rank among the top 500 institutions of the world.
BJP will consciously promote a program for ‘Study in India’, which will focus on bringing foreign students to study in higher educational institutions in our country and make India a major destination for education for foreign students.
To ensure innovation and quality research, we will incentivise the industry to collaborate with our scientific labs and technological institutions, to undertake research in cutting-edge technology and science.
Have launched the ‘National Digital Library of India’ and provided access to e-books and many other papers to the students free-of-cost. To further promote a research-orientation in our higher education institutions, we will take it forward by providing access to leading journals free of cost to the students.
Skill Development :
BJP will formulate a ‘National Policy for Re-skilling and Up-skilling’ to evolve a flexible and industry responsive workforce which is capable of accessing new opportunities and to insulate it from technological shocks.
Women Empowerment :
Women-led Development :
The gains made under our pioneering ‘Beti
Bachao, Beti Padhao’ program have been impressive. We are committed to continue
to build on these gains to provide accessible and affordable quality education
to all women. We will ensure that ample financial support is available to girls through out their
education and subsidized education loans are provided for higher education.
During the last five years, we have focused on
ensuring a safe and dignified life and access to basic resources for women
through various schemes such as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Ujjwala, Pradhan Mantri
Awas Yojana, Saubhagya. In the next 5 years, to ensure financial empowerment
among women in rural and semi-rural areas and create better employment
opportunities for them, we will make every effort to ensure access to credit
and other resources, capacity building, market and distribution network for
women entrepreneurs, SHGs and women farmers.
We are committed to make women equal partners in
and equal beneficiaries of the progress and prosperity of the nation and will
formulate a comprehensive ‘Women in Workforce’ roadmap focused on dramatically
increasing the female workforce participation rate over the next five years. We
will also encourage industries and corporates to generate better employment
opportunities for women.
To ensure greater participation of women in the
workforce, it is necessary to enable them to continue in the workforce by
providing support for child care. Our government has already made it mandatory
for any establishment with 50 or more employees to have the facility of a
creche. We will now strengthen the creche program with special focus on the
needs of parents employed in the unorganized sector to provide crèche and child
care facilities by leveraging the existing Anganwadis, civil society
organisations and the private sector. We will ensure that the number of
childcare facilities is increased three fold by 2022.
To generate better work opportunities for women,
10% material to be sourced for government procurement will be done from MSMEs
having at least 50% women employees in their workforce. This will cover various
import substitution items including, but
not limited to, apparel, leather, paper and wood, articles, stone items like
idols, etc, plastic and rubber items, furniture, clocks, toys etc.
Ensuring equal rights :
Have determinedly taken substantive measures to
ensure overall development of women and promote gender equality. Continuing our
work, we will legislate a bill to prohibit and eliminate practices such as
Triple Talaq and Nikah Halala.
Ensuring a dignified life for women :
Continuing our efforts to ensure safe motherhood through schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Matritva Suraksha Abhiyaan and Ayushman Bharat, we will focus on ensuring good quality, easily accessible and affordable maternal healthcare services for all women.
The government has launched a major initiative on malnutrition by launching the POSHAN Abhiyan. We will reduce the malnutrition level by at least 10% in the next five years, doubling the rate of reduction of malnourishment.
BJP will ensure that all reproductive and menstrual health services are easily available to all women across India and with the expansion of ongoing Suvidha scheme, sanitary pads at an affordable cost of just Rs. 1 will be provided to all women and girls.
Have very significantly increased the honararium of ASHA and Anganwadi workers. We will increase the coverage of Ayushman Bharat to include all Anganwadi workers and ASHA workers to ensure improved health and social support system for these frontline workers.
Women’s security will be given more priority. We have constituted the Women’s Security Division in the Home Ministry, and have made strict provisions for transferring the laws in order to commit crimes against women, in particular in a time-bound investigation and trail for rape. In such cases, forensic facilities and fast track courts will be expanded to bring convicts to justice.
To create a positive atmosphere for women, promote gender justice and create awareness on issues related to women, gender sensitisation courses will be made an essential part of all educational institution’s curriculum and training modules of public offices.
We are committed to ensure the welfare of widows of defence personnel who were killed in action. We will formulate a dedicated program for the creation of work opportunities, provide skill training and strengthen social security mechanism for widows of our Martyrs.
Reservation for women :
Women’s welfare and development will be accorded
a high priority at all levels within the government, and the BJP is committed
to 33% reservation in parliament and state assemblies through a constitutional
Inclusive Development :
Ensuring Justice for All :
Are committed to ensure benefits of
constitutional provisions of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and
backward classes. We will ensure that proper representation and opportunities
are available for these sections.
Have decisively ensured that the economically
weaker sections (EWS) of the society who belong to the non-reserved category
are represented and have access to government jobs and higher education through
the 10% EWS reservation which was long overdue. We will implement the law in
the same spirit while ensuring that SCs, STs and OBCs continue to have their
Strengthening ‘Sabkha vikas’ :
To ensure that quality education is available and easily accessible, every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20,000 tribal persons will have an Eklavya Model Residential School. Eklavya Schools will be at par with Navodaya Vidyalayas and besides providing state of the art training in sports and skill development, these schools will have special facilities for preserving local art and culture.
Continuing our efforts to promote social and political empowerment, we will ensure that the rights of all forest dwellers are fully protected.
BJP will make adequate provisions for personal safety equipment and accelerate the adoption of mechanized cleaning to ensure occupational health and safety for Safai Karamcharis.
BJP will establish 50,000 ‘Van Dhan Vikas Kendras’ in the tribal areas of the country to ensure the availability of primary processing and value addition for forest produce and to provide employment for tribals and increase tribal income.
Ensuring welfare of poor :
Are committed to bringing down the percentage of families living below the poverty line to a single digit in the next five years.
BJP will ensure pucca houses for families either living in kuchha houses or without access to housing by 2022.
Have been successful in extending the food security cover to over 80 crore people from poor and lower-middle-income families who are receiving food grains (wheat/rice/coarse grains) at highly subsidized prices. We will further widen this cover to provide subsidized sugar (at Rs. 13 per kg per family per month) to these 80 crore families in line with our moto ‘Sabka Saath-Sabka Vikas’.
The unprecedented success of the Jan Dhan Yojana has dramatically improved ªnancial inclusion in India. We will take further steps to ensure access to bank branches, payment banks and banking correspondents by creating a new data-sharing framework that builds on the success of Jan Dhan and Aadhaar platforms while ensuring data privacy and security. With this scheme, we will ensure that every Indian has access to banking facilities within a radius of 5 km. We will also launch a technology enabled program for broader financial literacy by complementing financial literacy with mass media campaigns to provide information on financial products and their use to enable effective participation of every Indian in the financial system.
Responsive to the Needs of Aspirational Middle Class :
After providing major tax relief in the recent budget, we are committed to further revise the tax slabs and the tax benefits to ensure more cash and greater purchasing power in the hands of our middle income families.
BJP will make all efforts to ensure that our aspirational middle class has access to education, employment opportunities and suitable urban infrastructure for a better quality life.
Commitment to Geographical Equity :
Inclusive development also means inclusion by
geography. To this end, our Government has identified 115 aspirational
districts that are being given special attention. We intend to continue with
this effort to ensure that these districts catch up with the rest of the
country. Similarly, we have already laid the foundation for economic and social
progress of Eastern India through improved connectivity, construction of high impact
infrastructure projects and provision of adequate financial resources. We
intend to continue our efforts to
resolve the geographical imbalance of the said region and ensure that Eastern
India is an equal participant in the progress and growth of the nation. In PM
Modi’s words, this is ‘Purvoday’ (Rise of the East).
Development with Dignity for the Minorities :
Are committed to the empowerment and
‘development with dignity’ of all minorities (Muslims, Christians, Sikhs,
Buddhists, Jains and Parsis etc ).
Caring for the Elderly :
BJP will strengthen the Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana to ensure that poor senior citizens in need of aids and assistive devices receive them in a timely manner.
To take forward the gains achieved under Sugamya Bharat, we will put in place a system of continuous accessibility audits and ratings for cities, public infrastructure including airports, railway stations and public transport systems, to ensure that they are fully accessible, with collaboration with industry and civil society organisations.
BJP will prioritize Divyang beneficiaries under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and mandate accessibility benchmarks to be met in Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
Anganwadi and pre-school system will be strengthened to ensure that cases of disabilities are detected at an early stage.
Will offer higher interest rates on fixed deposits by divyangs.
Political resolution on the matter of Gorkha :
BJP will recognise the 11 left out Indian Gorkha sub-tribes as Schedule Tribes. We are also committed to implement the reservation in the legislative assembly of Sikkim for Limboo and Tamang tribes.
Are committed to work towards finding a permanent political solution to the issue of Darjeeling Hills, Siliguri Terai and Dooars region.
Ensuring welfare of the Labour Force :
Under our government, there has been a 42%
growth in the National Minimum Wage. We will maintain the same direction over
the next five years to ensure a respectable living for the workers.
Pension Scheme for all Small Shopkeepers :
BJP will expand the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan scheme to cover all small shopkeepers.
Ensuring Welfare of Artisans :
BJP will create an umbrella scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Kalanidhi Yojana’ to allow flexible and customized packages of credit, working capital and social security options to provide comprehensive support to traditional arts.
Protecting Our Children :
BJP will formulate a comprehensive Child Protection Framework to facilitate the setting up of standards and robust inspection and monitoring of child care institutions across India.
Empowering Transgenders :
Are committed to bring transgenders to the
mainstream through adequate socio-economic and policy initiatives.
Will ensure self-employment and skill
development avenues for transgender youth.
Cultural Heritage :
Since inception, the philosophy of the BJP is anchored in the civilisztional ethos of India. As we build ‘New India’, we intend to actively invest in strengthening our cultural roots and preserving civilizational continuity. Far from seeing our cultural values as hurdles to progress, we see them as essential ingredients of our future.
Ram Mandir :
We reiterate our stand on Ram Mandir. We will
explore all possibilities within the framework of the Constitution and all
necessary efforts to facilitate the expeditious construction of the Ram Temple
Conserving Bharatiya Faith and Culture :
to conserve and promote all culturally, religiously and spiritually
significant heritage sites related to every faith in India and the ongoing
PRASAD scheme will be expanded to achieve this goal.
Conserving Bharatiya Linguistic Culture :
BJP will constitute a National Task Force to study the status of all written and spoken languages and dialects in India. We will also work towards revival and promotion of vulnerable or extinct dialects and languages.
With a focused effort on promotion of Sanskrit, we will ensure that the teaching of Sanskrit is expanded and popularized at the school level. We will also provide 100 Panini fellowships to researchers and scholars across India to promote research in Sanskrit.
Namami Gange: A matter of Pride :
Are committed to ensure a clean and
uninterrupted flow of river Ganga from Gangotri to Ganga Sagar. We will ensure
that the sewerage infrastructure to deal with 100% of the waste water from the
Ganga towns is completed and is functioning effectively, and take steps to
enhance the river flow.
The villages located on the banks of the river,
which are already open defecation free, will be taken up under a special
project to ensure complete sustainable management of solid and liquid waste.
BJP will undertake every effort to ensure that the subject of faith, tradition and worship rituals related to Sabarimala are presented in a comprehensive manner before the Hon’ble Supreme Court . Will endeavour to secure constitutional protection on issues related to faith and belief.
Promoting Yoga Globally :
BJP will further continue our effort to promote Yoga globally as the world celebrates 21st June as the International Yoga Day. We will promote Yoga as a vital method to achieve physical wellness and spiritual rejuvenation across the globe and will continue to work towards training of Yoga practitioners. We will undertake a rapid expansion of Yoga health hubs, Yoga tourism and research in Yoga.
Bharatiya Cultural Festival
An International Cultural Festival will be
organised on a grand scale every year in 5 different states to showcase and
promote the rich diversity of Indian culture and efforts will be made for greater participation of
Pravasi Bharatiya population and international community.
Dharohar Darshan :
To increase accessibility and promote all
culturally and historically significant heritage sites and museums in India, we
will launch a web-enabled virtual tour of all such locations through ‘Dharohar
Dharshan-an integrated web portal’. Eliminating the geographical boundaries,
the portal will provide real-time experience of Indian cultural heritage,
accessible from any corner of the globe.
Uniform Civil Code :
Article 44 of the Constitution of India lists
Uniform Civil Code as one of the Directive Principles of State Policy. BJP
believes that there cannot be gender equality till such time India adopts a
Uniform Civil Code, which protects the rights of all women, and the BJP reiterates
its stand to draft a Uniform Civil Code, drawing upon the best traditions and
harmonizing them with the modern times.
Foreign Policy :
We believe that India’s time has come. She is emerging as a
power and connecting stakeholders in a multi-polar world. The rise of India is
the new reality and we shall play a major role in shaping global agenda in the
Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ :
While pursuing our national developmental and
security interests, the ancient Indian vision of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ will
form the basis in our global co-operation for progress, prosperity, peace and
security, especially with friendly countries and neighbours. Besides working to
secure and safeguard ‘global commons’, we will strengthen our role as ‘first responder’
for disaster relief and humanitarian assistance and develop partnerships for
disaster resilient infrastructure.
Global Coordination on Knowledge and Technology :
BJP will make knowledge exchange and transfer of technology for the development of all countries a major focus of our diplomatic relations. As a part of this, we will endeavour to create an ‘International Space Technology Alliance’ for better coordination and cooperation on issues related to space technology to ensure that the benefits of space technology reach all, especially the smaller countries.
Continuous Dialogue with Indians Living Abroad :
BJP will create an institutional mechanism to deepen the relationship of culture and heritage with people of Indian origin, and to regularly engage with them. We will simultaneously launch ‘Bharat Gaurav’ campaign to increase interaction among the Indian diaspora and enable their continuous engagement with the Indian missions. We will strengthen the MADAD portal as single-point avenue for information and services for Indians living abroad.
Combating Terrorism through Global Forums :
We are committed to taking concrete steps on
international forums against countries and organizations supporting terrorism,
and we will take all necessary measures to isolate such countries and
organizations on the global stage. To ensure the same, we will work towards
establishing a ‘Comity of Nations Against International Terrorism’ as a
voluntary multi-lateral forum based on the principles of the draft
Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.
Deeper Multilateral Co-operation :
BJP will effectively pursue co-operation against global evils, such as terrorism and corruption through forums like UN, the G20, BRICS, SCO, Commonwealth, etc. Significant interactions such as Russia-India-China (RIC) and Japan-America-India (JAI) will be strengthened. To forward our ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy, we will extensively leverage forums such as BIMSTEC, to accelerate regional coordination and economic co-operation with countries in our neighbourhood. Act East Policy, cooperation with ASEAN and ensuring an open, inclusive, prosperous and secure Indo-Pacific will be pursued vigorously.
Permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council
We are committed
to seeking permanent membership of the United Nation Security Council so
that the body reacts the contemporary geopolitical realities of the world. We
are determined to intensify our efforts
towards these objectives.
Strengthening the Diplomatic Cadre and Outreach :
BJP will increase the strength of the diplomatic and allied cadres to keep pace with our increasing global engagement and enhanced stature of India in the world. In addition, we will facilitate the participation of experts in foreign policy-making through a robust mechanism. We will establish a full- fledged University of Foreign Policy, the first of its kind in the region, to focus on academic study and research on foreign policy and geopolitical issues relevant to India and capacity building of our and friendly foreign diplomats. India’s states will be actively assisted in their international outreach for economic development.
75 Milestones for India @ 75 :
Achieve the target of doubling farmers’ income
Enable the creation of 10,000 new Farmer
Ensure adequate market avenues for the realization
of MSP through e-NAM, GrAMs and Pradhan Mantri AASHA Yojana.
Work towards ensuring that maximum farmers get
income support under the Pradhan Mantri
Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
Launch a pension scheme for small and marginal
farmers to ensure social security under
60 years of age.
Work towards completing all irrigation projects
under the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana
Provide short-term new agriculture loans up to
Rs 1 lakh at 0% interest
rate for 1-5 years on the condition of prompt repayment of the principal
Increase the cropped area under irrigation.
Work towards digitizing land records
Strive to ensure all-weather connectivity for
Work towards assisting the maximum number of
fishermen by ensuring the availability
of storage and other infrastructure under a new ‘Matsya Sampada Yojana’
Ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste and reuse
of waste water.
Youth and Education :
Aim to cover all the secondary schools under
Operation Digital Board.
Enable investment of Rs 1 lakh crore in higher education through Revitalising of
Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE).
Work towards increasing the number of seats in
premier management institutes.
Work towards increasing the number of seats in
premier engineering institutes.
Work towards increasing the number of seats in
premier law institutes.
Establish at least one Atal Tinkering Lab in
Under a new ‘Entrepreneurial Northeast’ scheme,
provide financial support to MSMEs and
for employment generation in northeastern states.
Ensure a pucca house to every family.
Ensure the LPG gas cylinder connection to all
poor rural households.
Ensure 100% electrification of all households.
Ensure every citizen has access to a bank
Ensure a toilet in every household.
Ensure access to safe and potable drinking water
for all households.
Complete Phase-1 of Bharatmala Project
Double the length of national highways. Ensure 100% waste collection under Swachh.
Bharat Mission to achieve ODF+ and ODF++ in
cities and villages.
Ensure ODF status for all villages and cities.
Achieve 175 GW of renewable energy capacity.
Strive to achieve 10% blending of ethanol in
Connect every Gram Panchayat with high speed
optical fibre network.
Ensure the supply of piped cooking gas in major
Tier 1 and 2 cities.
Form a new Ministry of Water unifying the water
management functions. This will help approach the issue of water management
holistically and ensure better co-ordination of effort.
Aim to increase the number of operational
airports to 150 for better air connectivity.
Increase port capacity to 2,500 MTPA.
Ensure conversion of all viable rail tracks to
broad gauge by 2022.
Make all efforts to ensure electrification of
all railway tracks by 2022.
State developing small railway stations across
Work towards equipping all main railway stations
with Wi-Fi facility.
Complete the dedicated freight corridor project
Establish 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres
under Ayushman Bharat.
Start setting up 75 new medical colleges/
postgraduate medical colleges.
Target provisioning of telemedicine and
diagnostic laboratory facilities at all health and wellness centres to ensure
quality primary medical care to the poor at their doorstep.
Work towards increasing the number of childcare
Ensure a drastic reduction in cases of
Increase the doctor-population ratio to 1:1400.
Under the POSHAN Abhiyaan, aim to reduce the
malnutrition level as well as accelerate the rate of reduction of
Further improve India’s rank in ‘Ease of Doing
Work towards improving GDP share from
Work towards doubling the total exports.
Establish National Traders’ Welfare Board and
create a National Policy for Retail Trade for the growth of retail business
Work towards creating a single-window compliance
and dispute resolution mechanism for MSMEs
Strive to ensure reduced tax rates, higher tax
collection and greater compliance. Work towards ensuring a stable taxation
In order to incentivise compliance of law and
ease of doing business, amend the
Companies Act to impose civil liability for
technical and procedural defaults of a minor nature, thus unclogging the
majority of cases from courts.
Good Governance :
Ensure the availability of banking services
within 5 kms of every individual.
Achieve complete digitization and modernization
Promote and increase digital transactions.
Ensure end-to-end digitization of government
Enable digital delivery of government services.
Work towards substantially reducing the current
levels of air pollution.
Work towards completely eliminating crop residue
burning to reduce air pollution.
Put an Indian in space in an Indian spacecraft
as part of ‘Gaganyaan’ mission.
Inclusive Development :
Ensure full immunization coverage of children.
Strive to make all government buildings
Ensure the completion of six Tribal Freedom
Work towards completing the development of
Expand the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan
scheme to cover all small shopkeepers.
Ensure comprehensive social security coverage
for all unorganized labourers including insurance, pension etc
Work towards increasing female workforce participation
Ensure justice for Muslim women by enacting the
law against triple talaq.
Achieve the goal of Clean Ganga by 2022.
Complete the development of all projects under
Swadesh Darshan, PRASAD and HRIDAY schemes.
Work towards digitization of collections in all
Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment. ASD ranges in severity from a handicap that somewhat limits an otherwise normal life to a devastating disability that may require institutional care.
Children with autism have
trouble communicating. They have trouble understanding what other people think
and feel. This makes it very hard for them to express themselves either with
words or through gestures, facial expressions and touch.
Real scenario :
About 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to estimates from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network.
ASD is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. ASD is almost 5 times more common among boys (1 in 42) than among girls (1 in 189). Despite being a critical issue, the India-specific estimate of the prevalence is still unaccounted.
stigmatization and discrimination associated with neurological differences
remain substantial obstacles to diagnosis and therapies, an issue that must be
addressed by both public and policy-makers.
History of Autism :
the early 1900s, autism has referred to a range of neuro-psychological
conditions. But where did the term come from, and how has knowledge about
Did the Term “Autism” Come From?
word “autism” comes from the Greek word “autos,” which means
“self.” It describes conditions in which a person is removed from
social interaction. In other words, he becomes an “isolated self.”
Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist, was the first person to use the term. He started
using it around 1911 to refer to one group of symptoms related to
In the 1940s, researchers in the United States began to use “autism” to describe children with emotional or social problems. Leo Kanner, a doctor from Johns Hopkins University, used it to explain the behavior of several children he studied who acted withdrawn.
Autism and Schizophrenia :
and schizophrenia remained linked in many researchers’ minds until the
1960s. It was only then that medical professionals began to have a separate
understanding of autism in children.
the 1960s through the 1970s, research into treatments for autism focused
on medications such as LSD, electric shock, and behavioral change
techniques. The latter relied on pain and punishment.
the 1980s and 1990s, the role of behavioral therapy and the use of highly
controlled learning environments emerged as the primary treatments for many
forms of autism and related conditions. Currently, the cornerstones of autism
therapy are behavioral therapy and language therapy. Other treatments are
added as needed.
Symptoms of autism :
Autism Symptoms and Signs :
Abnormal Body Posturing or Facial Expressions.
Abnormal Tone of Voice.
Avoidance of Eye Contact or Poor Eye Contact.
Deficits in Language
Delay in Learning to
Flat or Monotonous Speech.
Social communication and interaction :
A child or adult with
autism spectrum disorder may have problems with social interaction and
communication skills, including any of these signs:
Fails to respond to
his or her name or appears not to hear you at times
Resists cuddling and
holding, and seems to prefer playing alone, retreating into his or her own
Has poor eye contact
and lacks facial expression
Doesn’t speak or has
delayed speech, or loses previous ability to say words or sentences
Can’t start a
conversation or keep one going, or only starts one to make requests or label
Speaks with an
abnormal tone or rhythm and may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
Repeats words or
phrases verbatim, but doesn’t understand how to use them
Doesn’t appear to
understand simple questions or directions
emotions or feelings and appears unaware of others’ feelings
Doesn’t point at or
bring objects to share interest
approaches a social interaction by being passive, aggressive or disruptive
recognizing nonverbal cues, such as interpreting other people’s facial expressions,
body postures or tone of voice
Autism spectrum disorder has no single known cause. Given the complexity of the disorder, and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are probably many causes. Both genetics and environment may play a role.
Genetics. Several different genes appear to be involved in autism spectrum disorder. For some children, autism spectrum disorder can be associated with a genetic disorder, such as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome.
For other children, genetic changes (mutations) may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. Still other genes may affect brain development or the way that brain cells communicate, or they may determine the severity of symptoms. Some genetic mutations seem to be inherited, while others occur spontaneously.
Environmental factors. Researchers are currently exploring whether factors such as viral infections, medications or complications during pregnancy, or air pollutants play a role in triggering autism spectrum disorder.
Problems with social
interactions, communication and behavior can lead to:
Problems in school and with successful learning
Inability to live independently
Stress within the family
Victimization and being bullied
There’s no way to prevent autism spectrum disorder, but there are treatment options. Early diagnosis and intervention is most helpful and can improve behavior, skills and language development. However, intervention is helpful at any age. Though children usually don’t outgrow autism spectrum disorder symptoms, they may learn to function well.
On the World Autism Awareness Month, Forum Mall Koramangala and I Support Foundation organized Quiet hour on 2nd April 2019 and will be organizing Autism Fest on 13th April 2019 along with volunteering partner Oracle, activity partners AltLab Innovators, Colorothon and Giggles contributing to the cause of raising awareness and acceptance about Autism. Both the events will be held in Forum Mall Koramangala, Bangalore.
AUTISM FEST (April 13th, 2019 10:00 AM – 1:00 PM)
Objective:April being World Autism Awareness Day and promoting community awareness, social acceptance, inclusion, and educating about differently abled while providing a place to foster friendship and show kids, families facing developmental ability love and support.
A resource craft fair, kids play area, indoor games (Board and Sensory games, Snake and Ladder, Chess).
Approximately 100 students and their families to participate in the autism street fest organized to raise awareness
Skill training DIY – best out of waste.
Fun activities like face painting, watercolor painting, caricature.
A stall for answering queries of parents with respect to Autism.
Magic Show, Cartoon characters, Music, and fun.
Art arena, Photo booth.
initiative is to support autistic kids, adults and their families to come out.
Mall Koramangala being the first Mall to show gesture for social inclusion.
a welcoming and socially acceptable environment.
small change can bring a huge difference. A recent study found that 64% of
people with autism avoid going into shops due to the fear of sensory overload.
Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath was crowned Mrs.
India in 2015. She is been described as “She’s Mentor”; “She’s a Mother”, She’s
an Inspiration”, “She is Beautiful and a Star”, “She’s a Queen”, She’s a
Go-Getter”, “She’s a Friend”, ‘She’s a Winner”, “She’s the support”, “She’s a
Rock-Star”, and She’s the Sunshine that Never Stops Shining”- Yes all these
words truly describe what she is, and what she will be forever.
A brief Bio of
Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath :
Born to Dr.V.S
Patil Kulkarni and Kamala Patil on 2 November 1966, as the eldest of four, a
sister Prafulla, Two younger brothers Pradeep and Praveen, she grew up in
different districts of Karnataka, like Belgaum, Dharwad, Gulbarga and Bengaluru.
She had professional training for
athletics in Kanteerava stadium during 1985-87, where she played volleyball and
women’s cricket for her college.
She got married to Basavaraj Saunshimath in 1987, lived in Alamatti dam site for a year before moving to Hubli for next 14 years.
Mrs. India 2015 – Mrs. Prathima Saunshimath :
The glamorous and Beautiful Mother of two grown-up children, Pratibha Saunshimath from Bengaluru, was crowned as “Mrs India 2015”, and “Mrs Asia International 2015” and “Mrs Asia Photogenic 2015”- and who presently is the Regional Director of “Mrs India’ pageants.
Saunshimath is very passionate about dancing and acting. Sports and dancing
have been an integral part of her life. She has worked and was a part of
Shiamak Davars Bengaluru team for 11 years.
Lately, she has started dance classes of her own and worked for a producer as production designer in a Kannada movie in 2008 – 09 where exposure to camera interviews was an educational experience for her.
of Mrs. Pratibha :
With her own choreography, Pratibha managed to reach the 3rd round of Zee TV DID Supermoms. As the Director of ‘Mrs India 2017’ and also Director for ‘Mrs India Karnataka Pageant’, she has organized the pageants very systematically and has given her 100% contribution to make the pageants successful.
A very Strict
task master Pratibha was the show Director of all ‘Mrs India’ Pageants
including ‘Mrs India 2017′,’ Mrs India North 2017′, ‘Mrs India South 2017’,
‘Mrs India West 2017’, and ‘Mrs India Karnataka 2017’.
Pratibha is a
multifaceted personality who is a fabulous Dancer, actor and model who has
acted in many TV advertisements and documentary Films. Never-give-up attitude
is what has made her special, who has successfully proved that age is just a number.
Pratibha is not only a loving Mom to her two children but she is also a strong lady with engaging thoughts. She is incredibly sharp, intelligent, confident and poised. She is more than just a beauty and socialite.
She is a go-getter and an achiever- her success in the 2015 pageant is the proof. She has always understood fashion and style to be an expression of the unique and beautiful inner self of each individual person.
Mrs. India Pageant
Mrs. India Karnataka
Pageant aims to empower women and enrich opportunities for personal
growth. Mrs. Karnataka India inspires
women of diverse backgrounds and culture to come together nationally and
internationally, support lifelong commitment to uplifting those in need and develop
a sense of global responsibility.
The pageant is not looking for models. It is organized to make role models. According to Pratibha, “Mrs. India Karnataka is the only beauty pageant that celebrates beauty in diversity.”
The event aims at reaching every nook and corner of the State and to bring out the talents among married women and giving them a prestigious platform to showcase themselves to the rest of the world.
for the pageant :
All Contestants are required to pay a registration fees of INR 2500.00 + 18% GST i.e INR 2950.00. The contestant has to share a screenshot of the same.
Traffic mess will be unbearable once the elections are over at Bengaluru. Once the elections get over, the projects which have been stopped due to model code of conduct will start.
In modern life one
has to face with many problems one of which is traffic mess becoming more
serious day after day. It is said that the high volume of vehicles, the
inadequate infrastructure and the irrational distribution of the development
are main reasons for increasing traffic mess in the city.
Why is Bengaluru
gridlocked with traffic mess?
Everyone agrees that it was because of the
rapid – and unplanned – growth of Bengaluru city. Bengaluru is often described as the Silicon Valley of
India as it is home to the IT industry.
Since the early 1990s, global technology firms began opening offices here and a large number of support industries have grown around it, bringing with them a huge influx of people from all over India.
The population has doubled, but the infrastructure has failed
to keep pace. Most people are dependent
on private transport. Every day, million vehicles enter from outside the city,
clogging its already choked streets.
Temporary solution to traffic mess :
Road widening is being done at some places. At best it is a temporary solution.
Besides it is unfair to the people who have built houses/buildings and shops legally along the road. To accommodate a temporary passing vehicle, that comes from some distant part of the city, asking the permanent residents to move out to make way for them.
It makes more sense to
tell the vehicle owners that they are encroaching on the space legally owned by
others. When space is at a premium, and a fixed permanent asset like a
building/shop/office/residence has to compete with a moving vehicle, for space,
how fair is it to ask the building to get lost so that space for a car is made
After the road is widened, after a few years when even more cars
are to be accommodated, will it help in start demolishing the fixed structures?
When and where will this stop?
Public transport to ease traffic mess:
Pretty much everyone agrees that Bengaluru’s traffic problems are to be solved by
increasing the usage of public transport options. The question is, what is an
actionable plan to do that? Such a plan need to evolve around two cornerstones:
Increase the use of public transport, and
Decrease the use of
private, single occupancy transport.
Bengaluru has seen this phenomenon at its worst. “The traffic is definitely a mess here,” says a transport and traffic expert. “It’s faster to walk than drive.”
Being late to something as important as a meeting or presentation cannot be excused with a reason as trivial as too much traffic. However, that’s often a reality faced by employees and clients after they wade their way through the horrors of the gridlock.
the problem – Traffic mess :
To solve, or rather to ‘minimize’, this problem as a collective, one must first understand the problem. The Bengaluru traffic congestion issue is a direct result of there being more vehicles on the road met with the general inadequate infrastructure to handle it. The only logical solution is to somehow reduce this number.
Better public transportation options would definitely help but this issue is not one which can be indolently left to the government alone to handle. It’s up to the citizens, to reduce the number of wheels on the road.
Carpooling thus becomes an excellent option in this situation as it would not be too hard to find people who share route to work every morning. It’s cost effective and would ease the congestion on the road. This must be better encouraged by companies.
Cable & Road work contribute to Traffic
Driving on the namma city’s roads are a
nightmare once the elections are over. All
the projects have been stopped due to elections model code of conduct. Once that expires, the civil agencies will
launch the work.
Brace yourselves. Once the work starts it will coincide with
the pre-monsoon showers of May month and
monsoon showers from June onwards. This is definitely add to the misery.
The BBMP and Bescom will start its work in
most parts of the city from the month of May.
The Bescom work is for laying underground cables in 53 sub-divisions
worth Rs.4800 crore.
The work will start in 19 sub-divisions once
the model code of conduct is lifted in the city. Once the elections are over, the civic body
will continue with the Tendersure and white-topping works.
BESCOM & BBMP work :
The first phase of Bescom work will start
from May 27 in HSR Layout, Indiranagar, Benniganahalli, Peenya, Mahalakshmi
Layout, Malleshwaram, Sadashivanagar, Vijayanagar and other places.
According to BBMP officials the white-topping
and Tendersure work will continue after the elections. Ward work will be taken
up in Malleshwaram, Peenya, Shivajinagar, Chamarajpet, Lingarajapuram,
Yelahanka and Hebbal.
Public opinion on Traffic mess :
road tax charges are amongst the highest in the country. going by this alone,
the road users who pay such hefty road tax expect good roads, parking
facilities ( may be pay and park), clean roads, strict enforcement of road
etiquettes and traffic rules. However, what you find are bad roads with filth
lying all around and unruly traffic.
Bengaluru cannot be permitted to degenerate the way it
is doing now. Hope the Bengaluru traffic
police and the Karnataka government together take appropriate action
traffic jams make it the sixth-most painful worldwide for commuters and
second-worst for parking after New Delhi.
which contribute significantly in making Bengaluru traffic worst :
Common office/school timings : School and offices use busses for their
employees and students respectively. Thee
busses come on the streets at similar timing and hinder the traffic.
Cars : Most of the IT professionals use cars to
travel to work. This takes up a lot of
space per person on already narrow streets.
Ineffective public transport : The reason people use cars is because, the
public transport is inefficient.
Vicinity of IT parks : Major IT parks in Bengaluru are located on a
single belt, which makes the matters worse on the city roads.
Us/Public : even we the public are
responsible. There is inefficient
traffic management, but we can follow road discipline ourselves, the situation could
become a lot better.
National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) – 3 institutes from Bengaluru have secured the top place. This is the fourth edition of NIRF India Rankings from Ministry of HRD. The list was released by NIRF for 2019 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Introduction to National Institutional Rankings Framework :
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is a methodology adopted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, to rank institutions of higher education in the country.
The Framework was approved by the MHRD and
launched by Minister of Human Resource Development on 29 September 2015. There are separate rankings for
different types of institutions depending on their areas of operation like
universities and colleges, engineering institutions, management institutions,
pharmacy institutions and architecture institutions.
The Framework uses several parameters for
ranking purposes like resources, research, and stakeholder perception. These
parameters have been grouped into five clusters and these clusters were
assigned certain weightages. The weightages depend on the type of institution.
Formation of the National Institutional Ranking
MHRD organized a one-day workshop on 21 August
2014 on evolving methodologies for the ranking of institutions of higher
education in India. The meeting resolved to constitute a Committee for evolving
a National Ranking Framework. Later it was also decided to co-opt
representatives of central universities and IIMs also into the proposed
Based on these decisions, a core committee consisting of 16 members was constituted on 29 October 2014 with secretary (HE, MHRD, as chairperson and additional secretary (TE), MHRD, as member-secretary.
The other members were the directors of the IIT’s at Kharagpur and Chennai, the vice-chancellors of Delhi University, EFL University, Central University of Gujarat and JNU, directors of the IIM’s at Ahmedabad and Bengaluru, directors of school of planning and architecture (Delhi), NIT (Warangal), ABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology & Management (Gwalior), IISER (Bhopal), NAAC (Bengaluru) and chairperson of NBA (New Delhi).
Categories – NIRF :
The list for 2019 was released by the President of India Ramnath Kovind. The categories included Overall, Universities, Engineering, Colleges, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, and Law.
In Overall category IIT Madras ranked first while IITs dominated major categories like Overall, Engineering and Architecture. Delhi University’s Miranda House was ranked the best among colleges across the country, while the varsity’s St Stephen’s College was ranked fourth.
to officials more than 4000 institutes had submitted their data for NIRF
ranking this year.
NIRF India Ranking 2019:
Top 10 educational institutes in all categories :
Here are the top 10
educational institutes in all categories:
NIRF India Ranking 2019: Overall
Indian Institute of
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Indian Institute of
Indian Institute of
Indian Institute of
Indian Institute of
University New Delhi
Indian Institute of
Indian Institute of
India Ranking 2019 – Universities – NIRF :
Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
Nehru University, Delhi
Hindu University, Varanasi
of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
Academy of Higher Education, Manipal
Phule Pune University
India NIRF Ranking 2019 – Management :
Indian Institute of Management, Bengaluru
Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
Institute of Management, Calcutta
Institute of Management, Lucknow
Institute of Management, Indore
Indian Institute of Technology,
Kharagpur- Management School
Labour Relations Institute (XLRI)
Institute of Management, Kozhikode
Institute of Technology, Delhi – Management School
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay- Management School
NIRF India Ranking 2019 – Law :
National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
Law University, New Delhi
University of Law, Hyderabad
Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences, Kolkata
Law University, Jodhpur
Law School, Pune
Millia Islamia, New Delhi
National Law University, Gandhinagar
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
Bengaluru Institutes ace NIRF
(IIM-B) has bagged the top spot in the National Institutional Ranking Framework
(NIRF) Rankings 2019 under the Management category.
According to IIM-B
Director G Raghuram , “This is due to the efforts of the IIM-B faculty and
staff — both current and former, past Leadership, the Board, Students and
Alumni, and the supporting eco-system.”
The other two
educations lands from Bengaluru city are the Indian Institute of Management and
the National Law School of India University.
are based on graduation outcomes, research and professional practice, outreach
and inclusivity, teaching, learning and resources.
Points scored by institutions :
According to records, IISc scored 82.28 points, JNU 68.68 point and BHU 64.55 points this year, while they scored 82.16,, 65.57, 53.52 in 2018 and 83.28, 64.53 and 58.92 in 2017 respectively. In 2016, BHU stood at 7th position with 81.22 score. In overall category, BHU received 10th ranking in 2019, 9th position in 2018 and 10th in 2017.
2018 rankings by NIRF :
Last year, the
HRD Ministry released the ranking on April 3, 2018. Overall, the best institute
was IISc and the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M) was adjudged
the best engineering college while the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad
(IIM-A) the best management institution.
University’s Miranda House was the top college, premier healthcare institute
AIIMS the best medical college and NLSIU-Bengaluru the best law school in the
East Bengaluru – 9 pubs are closed down by the Fire department. The fire and emergency services department filed police complaints against owners of pubs and bars in Indiranagar and Jeevanbima Nagar for ignoring notices to fix safety issues on their premises.
Bengaluru Pub history :
The city’s rendezvous with beer began as early as 1915. United Breweries (UB), which supplied beer to the British cantonment, was at the time run by a Thomas Leishman, who sold it to Vittal Mallya in 1947.
Mallya’s United Breweries Ltd. produces several brands of lager, including the city’s favourite Kingfisher. Now, the city consumes more than 55% of the Kingfisher beer (all types) sold in the country according to a senior official UB group.
believed to be the city’s first pub, an evening usually included a few mugs of
Khoday’s draught, served with masala peanuts and vadas.
pubs in East Bengaluru :
The closure of
nine out of 12 pubs and bars in East Bengaluru is attracting a lot of
eyes. According to the officials
sufficient time was given to remedy safety issues but in vain.
Bescom has cut
the power supply to the pubs and the police has been given orders to arrest the
owners if they continue to operate the joints and pubs.
The pubs which are closed are Tipsy Bull, Pecos, The Humming Tree, Escape Hotels, New Leaf Restaurant, BFIat and the Fatty Bao.
the department, it had issued 4 to 5 notices to them with instructions to
follow the safety measures and be prepared in case of fire accidents.
It it noted that East Bengaluru has the highest number of Pubs. As the notices were ignored the officials closed down 9 pubs in East Bengaluru.
Cricket 2019 is fast approaching. The 2019 Cricket World Cup (officially ICC Cricket World Cup 2019) is the 12th edition of the Cricket
World Cup scheduled to be hosted by England and Wales from 30 May to 14 July 2019. Team India/ Indian Cricket team is one of the
team to participate in the ICC cricket world cup 2019.
With the World Cup being held in England, one thing which is
quintessential for each team will be their batting lineup. In such a big
tournament like this, consistency will be the key, especially from the top
Hosting country of ICC cricket world cup :
The hosting rights were awarded in April 2006, after England and Wales withdrew from the bidding to host the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup which was held in Australia and New Zealand.
The first match will be played at The Oval while the final will be played at Lord’s. It is the fifth time that the Cricket World Cup will be held in England and Wales, following the 1975,1979,1983 and 1999 World Cups.
World cup cricket history :
Cricket World Cup, international Cricket championship held at four-year intervals that is the premier contest in one-day cricket and one of the most-watched sporting events in the world.
The first world cup was held in 1975 just four years after one day cricket took the world by storm. It was the ICC’s official response to the ‘World series of cricket’ Phenomenon which was proving incredibly popular with fans.
In the last 40 years, the tournament has been held all over the cricketing world and has been won by teams from every corner of the globe. The tournament in 2019 will be the twelfth time the competition has been played and the fifth time it has been played in the UK.
In 1975 the first Cricket World Cup was contested in England as a series of one-day matches of 60 overs per side. It was held outside England, in India and Pakistan, for the first time in 1987.
The 1987 contest also saw the number of overs per side reduced to 50. In 2007 Australia became the first team to win three consecutive World Cup tournaments.
Teams at ICC
Cricket World Cup 2019:
The 2019 World Cup will feature 10 teams, a decrease from previous World Cups in 2011 and 2015 which featured 14 teams. The hosts, England, and the top seven other teams in the ICC One Day International rankings as of 30 September 2017 earned automatic qualification, with the remaining two spots being decided by the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier.
Qualified for the 2019 Cricket World Cup:
The group stage format is a round-robin, where all ten teams play each other once, in a single group. This means a total of 45 matches will be played, with each team playing a total of nine matches. The top four teams from the group will progress to the knockout stage.
Qualification for the cricket world cup 2019 :
Only 10 teams will qualify for the 2019 world cup after a decision was taken to shrink the size of the tournament. In 2011 and in 2015 the tournament had 14 teams but ICC have decided few nations will make for a better competition.
England will qualify automatically because they are hosting the tournament, as will the top seven one day international nations according to the latest ICC rankings 6 months prior to the tournament.
However, that leaves only two spots for the remaining test playing nations and affiliate members of the ICC. Those places have been taken by Afghanistan and West Indies at a qualifying tournament which was held in Bangladesh in March 2018.
This tournament included the remaining four teams that failed to make the top seven one day international spots plus the top four teams from the Cricket World League Championships.
Format of ICC cricket world cup 2019 :
In the past, a variety of formats have been used but the reduced number of teams this year means that the format will be much simpler than in previous years.
In 2018 there will only be one central group consisting of all 10 teams. In this group stage, every nation will play each other once meaning that there will be a total of 45 group games before the finals stage.
Because of this extended group phase, the quarterfinals have been abolished and the top 4 teams will instead progress directly to the semi-finals with the remaining 6 nations knocked out of the tournament.
The winners of each respective semi will progress to the final and the winner of that match will be declared world champion.
Venues for the world cup :
Lords, the spiritual home of cricket will play host to the final while The Oval will host the opening game. The two semi-finals according to the English Cricket Board will be played at Edgbaston and Old Trafford.
The London stadium will host the opening ceremony and some group stage fixtures. The rest of the games will be played across England and Wales at the grounds which meet the ICCs size and capacity requirements.
The reduced size of the tournament :
Understandably, the affiliate nations of the ICC have protested the decision to shrink the size of the tournament because it will mean that it will be much harder for smaller cricketing nations to qualify.
They argue that World Cup berths give their nation’s experience and exposure that they don’t get at any other time and that denying them the chance to compete could set the game back years in their respective countries.
the affiliate nations, if the ICC wants to grow the game then they should be
making the tournament bigger, not smaller. They further argue that upset
wins by nations such as Ireland over England in the 2011 World Cup show that they can be competitive and
that anything is possible when they are given the chance.
decision to reduce the size :
In response, the ICC has defended its decision saying that the move was necessary to ensure the best quality product was being presented to fans in the stands and viewers around the world.
They argue that having smaller nations involved was just leading to blowouts which were boring to watch and actually damaged the sport in those smaller countries.
They believe that smaller nations are better served by playing each other in competitive matches until such a time comes when they will be able to legitimately compete with the larger cricket nations such as Australia or India.
They also claim the new format is fairer as it allows every competing nation to play every other competing nation. This means the table at the end will be a fairer representation of who the better teams.
Indian team/Team India for the world cup 2019 :
According to Rohit Sharma the India squad for
World Cup 2019 will depend on England weather and the Indian captain.
A couple of spots are still undecided in the
Indian team for the World Cup
Rohit Sharma said the Indian bench strength
would largely depend on the captain’s opinion
Rohit said he would not want IPL performances
to influence World Cup selection
The Indian selectors, who are days away from announcing the squad for the 2019 Cricket World Cup, are closely monitoring the Indian Premier League.
A couple of spots are still undecided and some sterling performances in the IPL could decide which two players are included in the final list of 15.
Several factors will determine what kind of squad the
Team India’s best possible 15-member squad for World Cup 2019 :
This time in the ICC cricket world cup 2019, the format of the
tournament has changed and each side will have to face every other
participating nation at least once, which makes the competition a lot stiffer
for the teams to qualify for the knockouts.
The Indian cricket team will begin their World Cup journey from 5th of
June and will face off against South Africa. Since many teams would not like to waste a
crucial spot in the fifteen having a backup opener warming the bench all
through the tournament, a floating batsman would be a better choice.
season would definitely force the selectors to have second thoughts. We can
expect BCCI to announce the World Cup squad by the 15th of May.
Expected ICC World Cup 2019 squad :
Team India :
Virat Kohli(C), Rohit Sharma, Shikhar Dhawan, Ambati Rayadu, MS Dhoni
(WK), Dinesh Karthik, Kedar Jadhav, Hardik Pandya, Ravindra Jadeja, Kuldeep
Yadav, Yuzvendra Chahal, Jasprit Bumrah, Bhuvaneswar Kumar, Mohammed Shami and
cup 2019 schedule :
30 May 2019 England
v/s South Africa – The Oval, London
31 May 2019 Pakistan v/s West Indies – Trent
1 June 2019 New Zealandv/s West Sri Lanka – Sophia
1 June 2019 Australia v/s
Afghanistan – County Ground, Bristol
3 June 2019 England v/s
Pakistan – Trent Bridge, Nottingham
4 June 2019 Afghanistan v/s
Sri Lanka – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff
5 June 2019 India v/s South Africa – Rose Bowl,
5 June 2019 Bangladesh v/s
New Zealand – The Oval, London
6 June 2019 Australia v/s West Indies – Trent Bridge,
7 June 2019 Pakistan v/s Sri
Lanka – County Ground, Bristol
10 June 2019 South Africa
v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton
11 June 2019 Bangladesh v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground,
12 June 2019 Australia v/s
Pakistan – County Ground, Taunton
13 June 2019 India v/s New
Zealand – Trent Bridge, Nottingham
14 June 2019 England v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl,
15 June 2019 Australia v/s Sri Lanka – The Oval, London
15 June 2019 Afghanistan v/s South Africa – Sophia
16 June 2019 India v/s Pakistan
– Old Trafford, Manchester
17 June 2019 Bangladesh v/s
West Indies – County Ground, Taunton
18 June 2019 England v/s Afghanistan – Old Trafford,
19 June 2019 New Zealand v/s South Africa – Edgbaston,
20 June 2019 Australia v/s Bangladesh – Trent Bridge,
21 June 2019 England
v/s Sri Lanka – Headingley, Leeds
22 June 2019 Afghanistan v/s India – Rose Bowl,
22 June 2019 New Zealand v/s West Indies – Old Trafford,
23 June 2019 Pakistan v/s South Africa – Lord’s, London
24 June 2019 Afghanistan v/s
Bangladesh – Rose Bowl, Southampton
25 June 2019 England v/s Australia – Lord’s, London
26 June 2019 New Zealand v/s Pakistan – Edgbaston,
27 June 2019 India
v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester
28 June 2019 South Africa v/s Sri Lanka – Riverside
29 June 2019 Afghanistan v/s Pakistan – Headingley, Leeds
29 June 2019 Australia v/s New
Zealand – Lord’s, London
30 June 2019 England v/s India
– Edgbaston, Birmingham
1 July 2019 Sri Lanka v/s West Indies – Riverside Ground, Chester-le- Street
2 July 2019 Bangladesh
v/s India – Edgbaston, Birmingham
3 July 2019 England
v/s New Zealand – Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street
4 July 2019 Afghanistan
v/s West Indies – Headingley, Leeds
5 July 2019 Bangladesh v/s Pakistan – Lord’s, London
6 July 2019 India v/s Sri Lanka – Headingley, Leeds
6 July 2019 Australia
v/s South Africa – Old Trafford, Manchester
Semi-finals and Final match of ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 will be decided on a later date.
On 5.4.2019, ACB Bengaluru caught Sri.
Bhaskar Siddramappa Chowra while accepting a bribe of Rs.15000/-
A resident of Bengaluru wanted to register the
house which he had purchased. He went to
Sub-registrar’s office, Chikkajala hobli to submit application. Sri. Bhaskar Siddaramappa Chowra,
Sub-registrar, Jala Sub-Registrar office, Chikkajala, Bengaluru had demanded a
bribe of Rs.15000/- for the registration.
The officer is suspended. Bribe money confiscated. A case has been
filed and investigation is on.
ACB raid at Bengaluru Rural
On 5.4.2019 Bengaluru Rural branch caught
Sri. Krishnaiah while accepting a bribe of Rs.33,000/-
A civil contractor from Daddaballapura Taluk,
Beedigere village, had done some civil work in Kodegehalli Gram Panchayat,
He had requested for the release of the
contract amount under NMR (nominal Muster Roll). Sri. Krishnaiah, Panchayat Development
officer, Kodigehalli village panchayat demanded a bribe of Rs.48000/- to do the
The officer is been suspended and the bribe amount has been confiscated. A case has been registered and investigation is on.
Ugadi festival – New Year’s Day for the people of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana States. It is equally important for the people of Maharashtra. It is also the New Year for them but is known by a different name ‘Gudipadava’. It is festively observed in these regions on the first day of the Hindu Uni-solar calendar month of Chaitra. This falls in March or April of the Gregorian calendar.
This festival is rich in color, flora that
marks the advent of spring and the commencement of the New Year.
Ugadi is a
festival celebrated all across the Deccan regions of India with much fun and
fervour. The word Ugadi has originated from the Sanskrit words – ‘yug’ means
era and ‘aadi’ means beginning. So it marks the beginning of the new era.
Among the few legends associated with Ugadi, there is one pertaining to Brahma that is widely popular. It is believed that Lord Brahma began creating the world on this day and Ugadi refers specifically to the Yuga in which the current generation lives i.e. the Kalyug.
It is also referred to as Chaitra Suddha Paadyami according to Hindu religious texts.
Ugadi festival also coincides with the onset of spring and the harvest season. This day is also considered highly auspicious to start new ventures. However, all business transactions are carried out after certain religious observances that are said to bring good luck, wealth and prosperity to believers.
The Celebration of Ugadi festival:
Before the beginning of Chaitra, people clean and
whitewash their homes and decorate temples as well as the deity rooms in their
homes with jasmine flowers and mango leaves.
To start the celebrations, the entire household wakes up before dawn and take a head bath after massaging the whole body with sesame oil and wear new, traditional clothes.
The idols of gods and goddesses within the house are then bathed in oil too, after which prayers and offerings of neem flowers, mango and tamarind are given up.
The elderly women in the family then apply oil and
vermilion to the forehead of the younger members following which all members of
the family watch their reflection in a vessel of molten ghee.
The “Indra Dhwaja”, which is meant to
bring in rain is worshiped which is also a feature of Gudi Padwa, Maharashtra’s
New Year. Devotees decorate their front door with red earth and a string of
mango and neem leaves. The entrance is also decorated with Rangoli in white
chalk although colored powder can also be used to fill the outlined figure.
Significance of Ugadi festival :
auspicious occasion of Ugadi is associated with Lord Brahma, the creator of the
Universe. All the elements of nature along with days, months are believed to be
created by Lord Brahma. As it falls on the onset of the spring, it marks the
commencement of healthy and prosperous New Year. Many rituals are associated
with the festival of Ugadi.
Style and Variety :
In preparation for the New
Year, men and women in Karnataka buy new clothes and ornaments for this day.
Traditionally, the men dressed in a white or off-white linen shirt paired with
a panche or long loin cloth that is
embellished with gold zari.
While visiting the temple,
men also don the Angavastram, which is a rectangular cloth of a similar color
and embellishment. In recent times however, men prefer wearing new shirts and
trousers. Both attires are completed with a gold chain with a gold wrist watch
of Ugadi :
People begin the auspicious day by taking bath at the break of the dawn and then wear new clothes.
The mango leaves are used to decorate the entrance of the houses to please Lord Kartikeya and also Lord Ganesh. It is believed that the two Lords are fond of mangoes. These Ugadi festival ritualsa re followed so that the Gods bless them with prosperity and well-being. The fresh mango leaves to the doorway symbolizes a good yield.
As Ugadi festival rituals, people purify their houses and the surrounding environment with fresh cow dung which is considered pious according to Hindu customs.
Making Rangolis outside the houses is one of the very important and significant Ugadi festival activities.
One of the Ugadi rituals is Panchanga Sravanam. Accordingly, a pundit is called to prepare the yearly forecast of each member of the house. This ritual to predict the future on the day of Ugadi is one among the many popular Ugadi festival activities.
Delicious vegetarian meals are prepared as a part of customs of Ugadi festival.
Ugadi festival special dish :
The significance of Ugadi Pachadi is immense as it symbolizes the essence of life. This special dish is prepared with ingredients like:
Jaggery (sweet): symbolizing happiness
Salt (salty) :showing interest in life
Tamarind (sour) :symbolizing challenges
Neem flowers (bitter) : shows difficulties of life
Raw mango (tangy): indicating surprises and new challenges
Chilli powder (spicy): showing the angry moments in one’s life.
The dish is significant as it has all the
tastes of life. It teaches that life is a mixture of all the emotions. Each and
every ritual followed on this day, has its own significance. Hanging of mango leaves
and placing a kalash near the door or the calling of the priest to make the
yearly forecast are all part of Ugadi significance and symbolism.
Panchagna Sravanam – Recitation of Almanac
(New Year Calendar) :
Ugadi marks the beginning of a new Hindu lunar calendar with a change in the moon’s orbit. There is a strange thing about the practices of the different sects of Brahmins. Although they are all Brahmins, various differences in the lineage can be traced among them. These differences are reflected in their particular calendars, where the months and dates vary.
Some pundits calculate the dates of the calendar according to the lunar system and some do it according to the solar system. Hence, there is a Tamil New Year’s Day, a Telugu New Year’s Day and a New Year’s Day different from that observed in the almanac of Northern India.
The panchanga sravanam-recitation of almanac (new year calendar) is done by the officiating priest at the temples. The presiding chief during Panchanga Sravanam reminds the listener of Lord Brahma, who is the creator of the universe.
Predictions for wealth and prosperity are read out along with influence of the constellations on the various aspects of life. The listeners at the end of the panchagna sravanam-recitaion of almanac (new year calendar), seek the blessings of the priest.
Regional Names of Ugadi :
This festival is celebrated in different states of India and Ugadi has different names. The different names of Ugadi festival are Barhaspatyamana for the people living north of the Vindhya hills. It is observed as Chandramana or Sauramana for those living south of the Vindhya hills.
Other names of Ugadi are Gudipadava as called by the Marathas, and the Sindhis observe it as Cheti Chand. In Manipur, this festival is known by the name of Sajibur Cheiraoba.
ACB, Tumakuru nabbed Sri. Suresh M.D.,
Group D Clerk while taking a bribe of Rs.10000/-. The bribe was accepted on the instructions of
Sri. Janardhan M.K.
A resident of
Tumakuru Zilla, Pavagada Taluk Grade – 3 cotnractor, Koratagere Town Panchayat
was allotted a contract through E-Procurement for the construction of Samudhaya
Bhavan (Community hall) on Fort road (Kote road).
To release the 1st
instalment of payment, Sri. Janardhan M.K., JIS Nodal engineer, Town Panchayat,
Koratagere had demanded a bribe of Rs.10000/- to do the same.
Both Sri Suresh and Sri Janardhan have been suspended. Bribe money has been confiscated. A case has been registered and investigation is on. ACB
Bruhat Bengaluru Hotels Association – is offering discounts to voters on food at city’s hotels on April 18 and 23. If you are interested in getting discount on food just get your finger inked.
Besides awareness programs by the Election Commission, hotels,
restaurants, are adopting a novel method of incentivising voters to perform
their democratic duty.
BBHA – Bengaluru
Bangalore Hotels Association is 82 years old, established in the year 1936 by 1st president
ship of Shri B.T Ramaiah (1936-44) the founder of Bangalore Hotels Association.
Shri K.T Appanna was the 2nd President (1944-48).
Currently 53 members are there in Managing
Committee. The association is having 1500
registered members. The Association
every month brings out monthly magazine by name “Athithidevo Bhava” under head editorial Shri. B Chandra Shekar Hebbar.
The executive committee conducts monthly once a meeting to discuss different matters related to hotel industries and to solve the problems apart from weekly once on every Friday at 5:30 PM.
Office bearers of the association conducts a meeting to discuss hotel industry problems and other matters with the permission of the chair person.
Voting awareness by Bruhat Bengaluru Hotels Association :
The association is planning to put up posters on the hotel
premises to remind the voters to cast their vote on election day. This is to persuade voters to vote.
According to Veerendra N Kamat, Treasurer of Bruhat Bengaluru
Hotels Association this program is to make people realize their responsibility. It is an initiative to encourage citizens to
Freebies by BBHA :
The members are coming up with the offer of free tea and coffee, a 10-15% on breakfast and around 20% on lunch and dinner. Some of the hotels are offering free idli with dosa.
One of the hotel at Majestic area will be offering free
sweets to all those who would eat at his place and show their inked
finger. The plan is to distribute
jelebis this time. Those who are fond of
jelebis please cast your vote and go the hotel with the proof to savour hot
These outlets have, however, clarified that they aren’t supporting
any particular party and just want to push youngsters and voters to exercise
not the first time that food has found its way into election in Karnataka.
Earlier, during elections free dosas in the shape of Kannada letters and
requests like ‘Nanna matha nanna hakku’ (my vote, my right), ‘Ellaroo mathadana
maadi’ (please all of you vote), ‘Praja prabhutva bhadrapadisi’ (strengthen the
democracy) were distributed among voters with an aim to spread awareness about
Walk to vote and get discount on food on election day.
10K challenge is back on 7th July, 2019 at NICE Road. Running is a great way to get in shape
and everyone knows it. But it also can benefit almost every part of body and
Whether it’s a favorite part of the day or something one
has to push through, the benefits are undeniable.
Running increases endurance,
builds muscle to maintain an optimal body fat composition, promotes
cardiovascular health, strengthens the heart, and even improves overall
with weight training, run can help
out maintain the perfect balance of mental stimulation and physical fitness.
History of running :
is thought that human running evolved at least four and a half million years
ago out of the ability of the ape-like Australopithecus, an early ancestor of
humans, to walk upright on two legs.
theory proposed considered to be the most likely evolution of running is of
early humans’ developing as endurance runners from the practice of persistence
hunting of animals, the activity of following and chasing until a prey is too
exhausted to flee.
Reasons for running :
The next time you’re thinking of skipping a run, think of these reasons to get your butt out the door.
It is a great way to increase overall level of health. Research shows that running can raise r levels of good cholesterol while also helps increase lung function and use. In addition, it also boosts immune system and lower the risk of developing blood clots.
For women, running can actually help to lower your risk of breast cancer. It also helps reduce the risk of having a stroke. Many doctors today recommend it for people who are in the early stages of diabetes, high blood pressure, and osteoporosis. It is proven to help reduce the risk of having a heart attack. By helping the arteries retain their elasticity and strengthening the heart, chances of suffering a heart attack can be significantly reduced.
It is one of the best forms of exercise for losing and maintaining a normal standard weight. One will find that it is a leading way to burn off extra calories and that it is the second most effective exercise in terms of calories burned per minute, following only after cross country skiing.
Stress causes a number of health and mood problems. It also diminishes appetite and sleep quality. When a person run, he/she force their body to exert excess energy and hormones. Running also helps to reduce chances of developing tension headaches.
Not all of the benefits of running are physical. Running provides a noticeable boost of confidence and self-esteem.
About Bengaluru 10K challenge :
Bengaluru is proud of having the largest runners-community in India. Many Bengaluru runners across different age groups have been winning at the major run events in India.
Bengaluru 10K Challenge is all about achieving personal best! The fourth
edition had an overwhelming response with over 14,000 runners participating. The
fifth edition of the 10K Challenge to getting more people to take up running and
also to challenge the pros who have been running for years.
NEB Sports :
NEB Sports, organizes big banner events such as IDBI
Federal Life Insurance New Delhi Marathon, IDBI Federal Life Insurance Mumbai
Half Marathon, Shriram Properties Bengaluru Marathon and NIDJAM. Focus of their
events is to provide a good experience
to participants and encourage people to adapt a fit and healthy lifestyle.
Sponsors for the Bengaluru 10K challenge :
There are a number of partners sponsoring 10 K event .
Rules to follow to participate in Bengaluru 10K
General rules :
Use only the application modes suggested on website to submit entries.
Go thoroughly through all relevant information given on the event website and application form prior to submitting application.
Requests for participation cancellation, and thereby refund, will not be entertained.
If availed any early bird offer, refund/transfer and cancellation will not be entertained.
Only individual entries for 10K and 5K shall be accepted.
Applicants for 10K must be the age of 14 years as on 6th July 2019.
Applicants for 5 K Fun Run must be the age of 6 years as on 6th July 2019. Minors between 6-12 years must be accompanied by a guardian/parent who is a participant under the same race category.
Entry confirmation :
Confirmation of applications received will be subject to Entry Rules & Guidelines given herein.
Post close of registrations, email confirmations will be sent to all the confirmed participants who have given their valid email id in the application form.
Winners medal – Bengaluru 10K Challenge :
Race Day, victory ceremony will be conducted for fastest 10K winners, both, for
men & women. All age category winners will be announced on the website and
on Social Media platforms, three working days post the event. They will be
provided with their medals & prize money within 45 days from the finish of
prize money winners of the run (as given in the prize money structure in prize
money tab) will receive Merit Certificates certifying their prize money winning
Finishers medal :
will be eligible for the Finisher’s Medal post their run. Medals will not be
posted to individual runners.
Running number bib
All confirmed participants are required to come to Expo, scheduled from 5 July 2019 to 6 July 2019 in order to collect their running number bibs. No Running Number will be posted to an individual’s mailing address nor distributed on race day, i.e 7th July 2019
It is mandatory for the participants to collect his/her running number bib personally from the Expo. In case of unavoidable circumstances, such runner can send his/her authorized representative to collect running number bib on his/her behalf. Authorized representative must carry with him/her: a) Soft Copy of Confirmation Email/SMS with BIB Number details. b) Soft Copy of Photo-identity proof (Aadhar card, PAN Card or passport) of the confirmed participant.
Note: Photo copy is not necessary, if participant personally presents.
Election officers are
being busy at Bengaluru creating Awareness about voting.
BBMP Commissioner –
District electoral officer :
BBMP Commissioner N.Manjunath Prasad is the district electoral officer. 1 lakh poll staff are being engaged for the elections.
BBMP Commissioner N.Manjunath Prasad is the district electoral
officer. He has worked across India as
poll officer. He will oversee the work of about one lakh election
observer. The challenges faced includes
monitoring 1 lakh election staff comprising BBMP staff and police force.
Pressures of election :
In an election duty, different government departments come
together to make it easy. The staff are
thoroughly trained to deal with problems.
The returning/election officers are trained to make sure nothing goes
wrong because of negligence and ignorance.
Planning plays an important role in the smooth running of
the election booths. The major problem
faced by election/returning officers are booth capturing and violence at the
polling stations. Curbing victory
processions even before the results announcement is a major problem.
Bengaluru Election/Returning officers :
Bengaluru South : Mr. Nakul.S.S.
Bengaluru North : Mr. B.N.Vijaya Shankar
Bengaluru Central – Mr. Lokesh M
Duties of officers :
Their duties include: Supervises the conduct of
all elections held under the Local Authorities Elections Act.
Assists the Returning Officers as they conduct local elections. Promotes fairness, impartiality and compliance
with the Local Authorities Elections Act on the part of election officers.
The election officer’s duty includes ensuring fairness, impartiality and compliance
with election law. promoting votingopportunities to all voters. educating
voters about the electoral process. helping political parties,
candidates, official agents and chief financial officers comply
with election legislation.
The election officers
in Bengaluru are busy. They are meeting
people at malls and markets. The election
officers ensure that the polling staff are well training in handling the EVMs
and the procedures.
This year election
have Sakhi booths which are entirely managed by women. Sakhi booths helps in
sending message to women that vote casting is not just by men.
Election officers Creating awareness :
The election officers
are sending trained staff to metro stations and malls with demo machines to
help people under the process of voting.
Voter’s Education and Electoral Participation program (SVEEP) the election
officers are creating awareness and educating people on why voting is
Morning walkers are
met by the election officers in the morning to create awareness. Meetings are held are IT company campuses
Vulnerable areas :
The election officers
are visiting the areas which are vulnerable
where people may be blocked from voting or coerced to vote for a particular
candidate. The Election officers have
identified around 34 such locations across the city.
Chunavana centres are
established where people get their EPIC number and get details about their
Biggest challenge faced
by Election officers :
The problem of
ensuring working of EVM’s is the biggest challenge. Transporting the EVM’s is also a major challenge.
The staff are trained in handling these machines which are fool proof. BBMP nursing staff and doctors are adequately deployed for any emergency.
Karnataka Elections –
Election Commission :
The Lok Sabha polls in
Karnataka will be in 2 phases, with 14 constituencies going to the polls in
each phase. The elections dates for the State of Karnataka is April 18th and
April 23rd 2019.
For those in
Bengaluru, the polling date is 18th April 2019 that is 2nd phase.
There are 28 Lok Sabha seats from Karnataka which will go to polls on April 18
under separate phases.
For the 14
constituencies in Karnataka that go to the polls on April 18, the last date for
filing nominations was on March 26. The last date for scrutiny of nomination was
March 27 and the last date for
withdrawal of nomination was March 29.
All social media ads from
political parties will have to be pre-certified
Candidates will have to submit
details of their social media accounts
Social media expert to be part
of Media Certification and Monitoring Committee
– Election Commission :
Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora announced strict guidelines for use of social media by political parties and candidates.
Election commission has outlined strict guidelines for use of social media
during elections. The political parties and candidates will not be able
to post unverified advertisements, photos personnel from defence, hate
speeches. The candidates will not be posting any fake news on their
to the Election Commissioner Sunil Arora, the new guidelines requires the
candidates to furnish details of their social media accounts during the filing
of nomination papers. They have to disclose the activities on their
Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Share Chat and Google.
EVMs to carry candidate pictures – Election
Sabha 2019 elections the EVMs will be carrying the candidate
pictures to avoid confusion over similar names.
photograph will be printed on the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) ballot units
as well as on postal ballot papers according to the Election commission.
According to the Election
Commissioner, ‘the provision for printing the candidate photographs will help
avoid any confusion which may arise when candidates with similar names contest
from the same constituency’.
party candidates are required to submit to the returning officer, their recent
stamp size photograph as per the specifications laid down by the Election
has happened before. India had gone to polls with photo electoral rolls for the
first time in 2009. In that year, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir and Nagaland did
not have photo electoral rolls, while elector photo identity cards were not
distributed to electors in Assam and Nagaland.
Election Commission said that official voter slip bearing the photo of the
elector (wherever present in the roll) will be distributed at least five days
before the polling date.
turnout – Bengaluru :
will vote in the Lok Sabha Elections in two phases – on April 18 and April
23. Elections will be held on the same day in Tamil Nadu and Kerala
those in Bengaluru, the polling date is 18th April 2019 that is 2nd phase.
There are 28 Lok Sabha seats from Karnataka which will go to polls on April 18
under separate phases.
counting of votes will be held on May 23. The Congress-JD(S) alliance which is
currently in power in the state will be looking to consolidate their numbers in
the Lok Sabha as well.
poll schedule will clash with the extended weekend as many government holidays
falls between April 17 and 23.
question is will this result in low voter turnout?
Will holiday affect voter turnout?
April 17th is
Mahavir Jayanti, April 19 is Good Friday which will be followed by the Easter
weekend (April 20thand 21st.
school exams are expected t be completed by April 18th, the families would be planning vacations, especially if the
parents are working.
to Karnataka BJP leader S. Suresh Kumar, “the voter turnout could be less due
to the number of holidays. Bengaluru had low voter turnout and it has not
improved. With so many holidays in between the elections, people are
likely to go for a vacation”.
to vote :
It is a fundamental right of any citizen that enables them to choose the leaders of tomorrow. Voting not only enables the citizens to vote for political parties, but it also helps them to realize the importance of citizenship. Many people do not vote thinking one vote will not make a change, but as a matter of fact, it does. A nation’s political foundations are built using elections.
Rent a farm is a concept in Bengaluru where one can rent a
piece of land to grow organic products.
This allows Bengalureans to rent out a space on a farm of a nominal
amount a month for fresh, naturally grown, chemical-free vegetables every week.
Reasons behind Rent a farm :
Bengaluru city dwellers face two problems. The vegetables and fruit produce available in
the market may not be trust worthy and to want to grow their own, there is
either space or time.
Even if one lives in a big house and have a farm there is
lack of time to take care of farming.
Consumers can get up to 6 kgs of vegetables every week from the third month
since the initial months are meant for set-up.
The monthly rental is inclusive of everything from delivery
to seeds, saplings, labor and other set-up costs. The method of farming that
participating farmers use is natural farming, which does not permit the use of
any chemicals including fertilizers such as urea.
Focus – Rent a farm :
The main focus is on enriching the soil by using latest
techniques like multi-cropping, introducing microbes such as earthworms in the
soil. The soil is mixed with natural
mixtures to control pests.
This model is a win-win model. It is good for consumers because it is
chemical free. It is good for farmers
because they are able to make money and earn a fixed income. It is good for our planet and the soil
because of the farming methodology
The raised beds will not allow for the compaction of the
Organic farming :
Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated in early 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Organic farming continues to be developed by various organic agriculture organizations today.
It relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting.
pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are
encouraged. In general, organic
standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while
prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.
advocation of organic farming include advantages in sustainability, openness,
self-sufficiency, autonomy/independence, health, food security and food safety.
Organic produce and other ingredients are grown
without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge,
genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce
meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth
Benefits of organic farming :
The major benefits of organic farming are :
helps in maintaining environment health by reducing the level of pollution
reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residues in
helps in keeping agricultural production at a higher level and makes it
reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health
ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for short-term benefit and
helps in conserving them for future generation.
only saves energy for both animal and machine, but also reduces risk of crop
improves the soil physical properties such as granulation, and good tilth, good
aeration, easy root penetration and improves water-holding capacity.
improves the soil’s chemical properties such as supply and retention of soil
nutrients, and promotes favorable chemical reactions.
of organic farming :
herbicides, fungicides or chemical fertilizers are used. Organic ensures that
foods are grown without the use of these harmful substances, some of which are
known to cause cancer.
reduces long time exposure to pesticides and chemical fertilizers, for farmers,
workers, and consumers which can affect the body’s ability to eliminate toxins. Organic food is free of artificial colors,
preservatives, flavors, trans fats, enhancers, stabilizers, fillers, sweeteners
or other additives.
Studies show that
organic foods are more nutritious and higher in antioxidants because they are
grown on more nutrient rich soil.
Eating organic fruits
and vegetables could increase your antioxidant intake by 20-40%.
ensures that food is not subject to any artificial human intervention or
Diseases, pests, and
weeds are managed through good soil health for natural plant resistance,
selection for stronger plants, crop rotation, natural predators, and beneficial
Organic food cannot be
irradiated. Irradiation causes changes to both macro and micronutrients in
foods and creates free radicals.
methods, antibiotics, pathogens, or hormones are used in raising livestock.
Organic livestock have higher animal welfare standards which lower levels of
pathogens present in meat.
When did organic food
The term “organic farming” was coined
by Lord Northbourne in 1940. The
beginnings of the organic movement can be traced back to the beginning of the
1800s. In 1840 Justus Von Liebig developed a theory of mineral plant nutrition
Why organic farming has become inevitable?
Modern farming practices
heavily based on use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, have created
problems of land degradation, environmental pollution, deforestation,
biodiversity depletion, seepage and water logging, lowering of ground water
tables, inter crop disparities, emergence of several diseases, pest
multiplication, pest resurgence and resistance.
Modern agricultural practices are the major cause of soil, water and air pollution. Chemical fertilizers crowd out useful minerals naturally present in the topsoil.
The microbes like bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, worms etc. in top soil enrich the humus and help to produce nutrients to be taken up by the plants and later by animals.
However, fertilizer enriched soil is unable to support microbial life and hence there is less humus and less nutrients and the soil easily becomes poor and eroded by rain and wind.
It can be concluded that modern farming heavily based on chemical fertilizers and pesticides has led to problem of environmental deterioration, depletion of natural resources, and loss of biodiversity and pest resurgence.
The organic farming, which strictly avoids the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and growth hormones conserves environment and natural resources and checks the loss of biological diversity.
The food grains produced through organic farming are free from pesticide residues and are of high nutritional quality.
organic farming is inevitable for the conservation of natural resources and
maintenance of ecological stability.
Vehicle population – in Bengaluru has crossed 80 lakh mark. The city has overtaken Mumbia, Hyderabad and Channai. The Bengaluur city is only behind New Delhi
The number for the entire state has hit 2.10 crore. Transport Commissioner V P Ikkeri gave the numbers at a press
conference. “The number of vehicles
in Bengaluru was 74.92 lakh and it has reached 80.90 lakh now,”
The tendency of the addition of five to six lakh vehicles each year points out that the number of vehicles within the Bengaluru city area will cross one crore in 3 years. This is a major cause for concern as these contribute to pollution.
New registration of vehicles – vehicle population :
Approximately Around 1800 new vehicles are getting registered everyday in namma
Benglauru. This is drastically increasing
the vehicle population As per the existing
provisions of the Motor Vehicle Act, it is not possible to restrict new
registration of vehicles. But in the
interest of the environment, registration of e-vehicles are being promoted.
Across Karnataka State the total number of vehicles
registered has increased to 2.10 crore as against 1.93 crore in the last
financial year. This increase in vehicle population is scary.
Problems due to vehicle population :
In the absence of an efficient transport s system, private
vehicles are dominating the city’s landscape.
Nobody – not even the planners – saw what was to
come. So, while the vehicle boom overtook the city, every other piece of
infrastructure was left far behind.
In the last two decades, Bengaluru
has seen unprecedented growth in the field of Industrial, Commercial and
Institutional sectors. This phenomenal growth has resulted in unplanned urban
activities surrounding Bengaluru and increase in population and construction
activities. This fast growth in population is posing tremendous pressure on
Implementation of HSRP :
According to the Transport commissioner that the Central Government has issued notifications for implementation of rules on high security registration plates (HSRP) for vehicles manufactured from April 1. It is the responsibility of manufactures t o provide high security registration plates.
After March 2020, vehicles with two-stroke engines will be
banned. Vehicle owners must shift to
four-stroke engines prior to the deadline.
Traffic jams due to vehicle population :
Bengaluru’s notorious traffic jams are a known topic. In the coming
years, the situation is set to worsen as the city’s vehicle population has
officially crossed 80 lakh, five times more than what Bengaluru roads can
According to transport department a total of 1752 vehicles are being
added daily to Bengaluru roads. This alone has led to the figure touching 80
lakh, not counting the vehicles from out of state. As a result, traffic speeds
have slowed down to around 10 kilometres per hour.
Bengaluru’s infrastructure to handle vehicle population :
Bengaluru’s road network exceeds 3,000 km (1,800 mi) and consists of ring roads, arterial roads, sub-arterial roads and residential streets.. The city road network is mainly radial, converging in the centre.
The main roads of Bengaluru coming into the city include Bellary Road in the north, Tumkur road and Mysuru Road in the west, Kanakapura Road, Bannerghatta Road and Hosur Road in the South and Old Airport Road and Old Madras Road in the East. Many of Bengaluru’s erstwhile colonial and town streets were developed into commercial and entertainment areas after independence.
Iyengar Road became the retail hub of Bengaluru, while M.G.Road, Commercial street
and Brigade Road became important shopping, recreation and corporate areas. Consequently, traffic increased
exponentially, especially on MG Road, which forms the main artery for the
city’s east-west traffic.
Present scenario :
According to officials with 93,000 roads in the city, covering 14,000
kilometers, only 17 lakh vehicles can ply at any given time. If this number is
maintained, vehicles can move at 40 kilometers per hour. This is rapidly becoming a pipe dream as
choked roads are the order of the day currently due to increased vehicle
The increasing traffic within Bengaluru city is also leading to more
accidents. Bengaluru roads, which have witnessed 22,000 accidents in the last
four years, rank only below Chennai and New Delhi across the country in total
number of accidents.
The rise in number of vehicles is also likely to trigger asthma and
breathing problems among commuters who spend a lot of time in traffic.
Generally pollutants emitted from car are one of the biggest contributors to greenhouse emissions in the atmosphere. As we know that the whole world is under the fear of global warming and the biggest cause of it is the increasing level of vehicle pollution which needs a quick attention by all of us.
Traffic police are
also taking the brunt of the vehicle population. Dealing with illegal parking is a challenge.
Effects on the Environment :
increase in number of vehicles, pollution from these automobiles is increasing
drastically. Combustion of fuel in vehicle emits various gases such as Sulphur
oxide (SOx), Carbon mono oxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxide (NOx), suspended
particulate matter (SPM) etc.
gases are creating immediate and long-term effect on the environment. Immediate
effect are on the human for developing health hazard and long effect are
harming the environment by creating global warming, acid rain, imbalance in eco
population statistics :
is home to the second highest number of vehicles in India. New Delhi tops the
list with 1.01 crore vehicles. Hyderabad
accounts for 48.70 lakh vehicles (as on October 31), Chennai
for 47.57 lakh (as on April 2016) and Mumbai for 30.69 lakh ( as on March 2017).
Experts say the poor condition of BMTC’s services and high fares, bad last mile connectivity, exuberant parking fee at metro station and lack of suburban trains are pushing people to opt for private vehicles.
This increase in rising number of vehicles is in turn leading to congestion on roads, bringing down average speed and causing pollution level to rise. The average speed on city roads has dropped over the past few years due to rising number of vehicle population.
Effects of vehicle pollution are increasing day by day with the increasing number of vehicles on the road. Effects of vehicle pollution are badly affecting the living beings on the earth and causing lots of health related problems.
absence of a provision to curb new registrations, a strong public system will
help solve the problem. Building flyovers
and widening streets is no good unless commuters make the transition to other
modes like bus and Metro. Even
initiatives like car-pooling needs a strong push. It is time to act both at the individual and
Slowly but surely, it may make the earth an unsuitable place for living; so, we must take it serious and run to stop the vehicle population by regarding all the possible solutions.
Bank merger / amalgamation of Bank of
Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank occurred on 1st April 2019 as per a decision taken by the
Central government. If one banks with any of these lenders then the concerned
person must get ready to deal with some procedural changes.
Amalgamation / Bank merger :
Bank merger is a situation in which
two or more banks pool
their assets and liabilities to become one bank. Because this can have a significant impact on the financial
industry, the Reserve bank subjects
mergers involving bank holding companies to more intensive regulation.
Main aim of merger and acquisition in the
banking sectors is to improve the economies of scale.
April-June quarter of financial year 2019, Vijaya Bank posted a net profit of
Rs144 crore, while BoB’s figure stood at Rs528 crore. In this period, Dena Bank
posted a net loss of Rs721 crore.
the reasons for choosing these three banks was that the two stronger ones will
be able to absorb the weaker entity.
Rating agency Fitch said the merger of the three banks i.e., Bank of Baroda,
Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank could bring a
bout material operating efficiencies over a period of time by lowering the
combined operating costs, stronger risk management practices, etc.
Vijaya bank – Merger with Bank of Baroda:
Bank was a
public sector bank with its corporate office in Bengaluru. It was one of the nationalized banks in India.
The bank offered a wide range of financial products and services to customers
through its various delivery channels. The bank had a network of 2031 branches
(as of March 2017) throughout the country and over 4000 customer touch points
including 2001 ATMs.
September 2018, the Government of India proposed the merger of Vijaya Bank and
Dena Bank with the Bank of Baroda, pending approval from the boards of the
three banks. The merger was
approved by the Union Cabinet and the boards of the banks on 2 January 2019.
Under the terms of the merger,
Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank shareholders received 110 and 402 equity shares of
the Bank of Baroda, respectively, of face value Rs.2 for every 1,000 shares they held.
The merger is effective from 1 April 2019.
History of Vijaya Bank :
Vijaya Bank was established by
a group of farmers led by A.B.Shetty on
23 October 1931 in Mangaluru in
Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka State. Since it was established on the
auspicious Vijayadashami Day, it was named ‘Vijaya Bank’.
During the economic chaos
created out of the Great Depression of 1927–30, Shetty approached leading Bunt personalities to start a bank with the
objective of extending credit facilities at a lower rate of interest to enable
the farmers to cultivate their lands and prevent them from falling into the
clutches of money lenders. Accordingly, Shetty involved 14 Bunts and
established Vijaya Bank on 23 October 1931. In the beginning the bank had an
authorized capital of Rs.5 lakh and
an issued capital of Rs.2 lakh.
The paid up capital was Rs.8,670.
Dena Bank – Merger with Bank of Baroda :
Bank Ltd was an
Indian Public Sector bank. It was headquartered in Mumbai and had 1,874 branches. The bank was
founded in 1938 and the Indian government nationalized it in 1969.
September 2018, the Government of India proposed the amalgamation of Dena Bank
and Vijaya Bank with the Bank of
Baroda, pending approval from the boards of the three banks. The Union Cabinet and the boards of the banks approved
the merger on 2 January 2019.
Under the terms of the
amalgamation, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank shareholders received 110 and 402
equity shares of the Bank of Baroda, respectively, of face value Rs.2 for every
1,000 shares they held. The amalgamation became effective from 1 April 2019.
Bank of Baroda :
of Baroda (BoB) is an Indian multinational,
public sector banking and
financial services company. It is
owned by Government of India and
headquartered in Vadodara, Gujarat. It has
a corporate office in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
on 2017 data, it is ranked 1145 on Forbes Global 2000 list. BoB has total
assets in excess of Rs.3.58 trillion
(making it India’s 2nd biggest bank by assets), a network of 9583 branches in India
and abroad, and 10441 ATMs as of July, 2017.
The government of India announced the merger of Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank on September 17, 2018 to create the country’s third largest lender.
The envisaged amalgamation will be the first-ever three-way consolidation of banks in the country, with a combined business of Rs 14.82 lakh crore, making it the third largest bank after State Bank of India (SBI) and ICICI Bank.
History of Bank of Baroda :
The bank was founded by the
Maharaja of Baroda, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III on 20 July 1908 in the Princely State of Baroda in Gujarat. The
bank, along with 13 other major commercial banks of India, was nationalized on
19 July 1969, by the Government of India and
has been designated as a profit-making public sector undertaking(PSU).
as 10 banks have been merged with Bank of Baroda during its journey so far.
Bank Merger of Vijaya Bank, Dena bank and Bank of Baroda :
a total business of about ₹15 trillion, the merged entity is now the
third-largest lender in India
is also India’s first-ever three-way consolidation of banks in India.
The Bank of Baroda-Dena Bank-Vijaya Bank merger is second major public sector bank consolidation approved by the Government during its five-year term. In 2017, State Bank of India merged with its five associate banks and the Bharatiya Mahila Bank.
and Demerits of Bank Merger :
both Merits and demerits of merger of banks.
It reduces the costs of operation
The merger helps in financial inclusion and broadening the
geographical reach of the banking operation.
NPA & risk management are benefited
Merger leads to availability of a bigger scale of expertise and
that helps is minimizing the scope of inefficiency which is more in small banks
The disparity in wages for bank staff members for bank staff
remembers will get reduced. service conditions will get uniform.
Merger sees a bigger capital base and higher liquidity and that
reduces the governments burden of recapitalizing the public sector banks time
Redundant posts and designations can be abolished which will lead
to financial savings.
Many banks have a regional audience to cater to and merger
destroys the idea of decentralization.
Larger banks might be more vulnerable to global economic crises
while smaller ones can survive
Merger sees the stronger banks coming under pressure because of
the weaker banks
Merger could only give a temporary relief but not real remedies to
problems like, bad loans and bad governance in public sector banks.
Coping with staffers’ disappointment could be another challenge
for the governing board of the new bank.
This could lead to employment issues.
The merger process begin with a consolidation of brands under the Bank of Baroda banner. As a result, all customers of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank will become customers of Bank of Baroda. All branches will be re-branded accordingly as well.
Uttama Prajakeeya Party candidates list is out – Head of the Party Upendra announced 14 names who will be contesting the Lok Sabha elections 2019.
Political party – Uttama Prajakeeya party :
Upendra officially announced the party “Uttama Prajakeeya Party” on his birthday i.e. on September 18th 2018. He said in one of his social media post “Leaders of Democracy, To bring a complete change through ‘Prajakeeya’ a new manifesto based ART of Governance (Accountability, Responsibility, Transparency)”
Prajakeeya Party – politics without money :
to Upendra his party and his politics does not involve use of money
power. The acronym of his party is same as his nickname UPPI.
planning to bring some known people from diverse backgrounds to the party so
that it does not look like an one-man-show.
28 Lok Sabha Seats – Uttama Prajakeeya Party :
and his team are personally interviewing interested candidates who wants to
join his party. He is ensuring that the best of candidates are selected.
Every candidate is required to study his/her respective constituency
in detail and to make a report of the existing situation.
Prajakeeya Party candidates will be contesting on autorickshaw symbol assigned
by the Election Commission.
Agenda of Uttama Prajakeeya Party :
Instead of Rajakeeya (Politics) the party would propagate Prajakeeya (of the people, for the people, by the people). The uttama Prajakeeya party is believed strongly in transferring power to the people in spirit.
party has created a five point program to convince people of their commitment
to democratic principles : Selection, Election, correction, Rejection,
Promotion. People will take an engaging role in the process of selection
List of candidates from Uttama Prajakeeya Party :
Udupi / Chikkamangaluru – Suresh Kunder
Hassan – Chandregowda H.M.
Dakshina Kannda – Vijay Sreenivas
Tunakuru – Chaya Rajashankar
Mysuru – Asha Rani.V.
Chamarajanagar – Nagaraju.M.
Bengaluru North – Santosh.M.
Bengaluru Central – Sridevi Mellegathi
Bengaluru South – Ahoratra
Chikkaballapur – Muniraju. G
Kolar – Ramanjanappa.R
Bengaluru Rural – K.Manjunath
Chitradurga – Devendrappa
Mandya – C.P. Divakar Gowda
Chikkodi – Praveen Kumar Baligatti
Bagalkote – Shashi Kumar M
Vijayapura – Gurubhasava P.R
Kalburgi – Mahesh Lambani
Raichur – Niranjan Nayak
Bidar – Ambarish Kencha
Koppala – Sharanaiyya V Bandimath
Haveri – Eshwar Patel
Dharwad – Santosh Nandur
Uttara Kannada – Sunil Pawar
Davangere – Ganesha B.A.
Shomogga – Venkatesh R
Belagavi – Manjunath Rajappanavar
Initially he had
expressed his interest to contest from Bengaluru South, he has now decided not
to contest at all. Upendra is not
contesting this elections.
According to the actor turned politician, “If I contest, my focus will be on one constituency. But, I want to reach the larger audience, so I have decided not to contest. Instead, I will help my candidates by travelling across the state.’’
Self-drive service introduction by Ola is aimed at broadening its portfolio of transportation solution. Ola to invest $500 million in self-drive service.
The move to enter the self-drive rental service category
is in line with Ola’s broader strategy of expanding its bouquet of transport
solutions beyond just cabs . It is
planning to include scooters and electric vehicles with a view towards ensuring
sustainability and positive unit economics.
Ola to deploy nearly 10,000 cars, including luxury sedans and SUVs, in
major cities in the coming months.
Ola cabs :
Ola Cabs is an Indian origin online transportation network company developed by ANI Technologies Pvt. Ltd. As of December 2018, Ola was valued at about $5.7 billion. A variety of venture capitalists including Softbank have large stakes in the company.
Cabs was founded on 3 December 2010 as an online cab aggregator in Mumbai and
is now based in Bengaluru. As of 2018,
the company has expanded to a network of more than 10,00,000 vehicles across
169 cities. In November 2014, Ola diversified to incorporate auto-rickshaws on a trial basis in Bangalore. After the trial phase, Ola Auto
expanded to other cities like Delhi, Oune, Chennai and Hyderabad starting in December 2014.
2018, Ola extended into its first overseas market to Australia and New Zealand
in September 2018. In March of 2019, Ola
began its UK operations introducing Auto Rickshaws in UK.
Investments – ola cabs:
In recent past, Ola confirmed a Rs 650-crore funding from Flipkart co-founder Sachin Bansal. Steadview Capital and a cohort of US-based investors like Raymond S Cahnman, chairman of Transmarket Group, philanthropists Tina and Steven Price, J3T Ventures and Lyon Assets along with a bunch of Chinese funds also participated in the company’s latest round.
Ola investment in self drive service :
Homegrown ride-hailing platform Ola will invest over $500 million to launch a ‘self-drive’ service. This is aimed at broadening its portfolio of transportation solutions.
The investment will come from a mix of debt and equity over the next couple of years. Ola will deploy nearly 10,000 vehicles, including luxury sedans and SUVs, in major cities in coming months according to sources.
Ola was likely
to raise debt via Ola Fleet Technologies to seed the new business. So far, the
multi-modal transport company has relied on equity capital from some of the
world’s largest investors like Japan’s
SoftBank and US investment firm Tiger Global, to fund its rapid growth in the
Ola Founders :
Bhavish Aggarwal- is the ola co-founder and Chief-executive-officer who graduated from IIT Bombay with a B. Tech in Computer Science in the year 2008. Bhavish has worked for Microsoft research, Bengaluru for two years right after college. There, he passed two years with filing 2 patents and 3 research publishing in international journals.
to chase his dream of entrepreneurship, he started an online company to sell
short duration tours and holidays online before changing that into Ola Cabs.
Ankit Bhati heads the technical aspects of Ola cabs, ensuring a quick, convenient and instinctive experience for customers and partners. He joined IIT Bombay in 2004 for B.tech in Mechanical Engg and M.Tech in CAD and Automation.
By 2009 he had already worked on several freelance projects and startups like Wilcom, QED42 etc. and finally decided to give up his nomadic professional life for a start-up of his own. He joined the Olacabs journey in November 2010.
The Ola Cab story:
While trying to keep his holiday and tour planning business afloat, Bhavish had to travel from Bengaluru to Bandipur, for which he rented out a car, which ended in a very bad experience.
The driver stopped the car in the middle of the journey and demanded a renegotiation of what Bhavish was paying. After being refused, he proceeded to abandon him enroute his destination.
This is when he realized how his plight was probably similar to a lot of customers across the country who were looking for a quality cab service, but ended up with a one that stood them up, arrived and dropped them off late, didn’t stick to their promises, and came with drivers that were nightmares behind wheels.
This made him see
the potential that an extraordinary
cab booking service could have, and hence, he changed his business from his
earlier start-up to the one we today know as – Ola Cabs. This was in December
2010, where he was joined by his co-founder Ankit Bhati in his start-up
His parents didn’t agree with his
idea in the beginning of course, like all parents. They were thoroughly displeased with his
decision to become a ‘travel agent’, but when Ola Cabs received it’s first
round of funding from two angel investors, they started to believe in the
change he was planning to bring.
Ola to challenge Zoom Car :
Ola cabs, which has become one of the largest cab sharing platforms in India will soon get into the self-drive car business. The brand has decided to enter the new business after investing $500 million in the sector. It will be the first time that Ola will invest in such a business in the Indian market.
cab hailing startup recently collected a huge investment from India’s second
largest manufacturer – Hyundai and its sister brand and upcoming manufacturer
in India – Kia.
Both the Korean brands have together pumped in around Rs. 2,000 crores in Ola and there is investment from Flipkart co-founder Binny Bansal too. The cab-hailing business is also backed by big names like Soft Bank and Tiger Global. The Bengaluru, Karnataka-based company has raised around $3.67 billion till date through various rounds of investments.
Portfolio – Ola cabs – self drive service
Ola is planning to broaden its
portfolio with the introduction of the new services. At present, Ola only offers short distance and inter-state
rental cabs. With the introduction of new services, Ola will compete directly
with the likes of ZoomCars, Avis, Revv, CarzOnRent and more such brands that
currently offer self-driven vehicles in India.
It is clear
that Ola will initially offer the
services only in the major cities of the country before expanding to the other
by others :
will offer services like long rentals, lease and subscription of the cars. It
should be noted that Revv recently started offering subscription-based car
ownership in India, which promises to provide vehicles like Mahindra
Scorpio, Maruti Ertiga, Hyundai Creta, Mahindra Marazzo, Mahindra XUV 500 and a
new car if the customer chooses a plan of more than 12 months. Revv offers
Self-drive car service in Bengaluru
Self-driving cars are likely to
become a major business in the silicon City in the future. Currently, the
option is quite unpopular but it is gaining massive popularity and soon, may
see more people choosing the rental car service rather than owning a vehicle.
India is one of the world’s largest car market and it is growing
at a fast pace. But, the difficulties like maintenance of the car keeps
may prospective buyers away. Self-driven vehicles eliminate the need for such
ownership experiences and only focus on the time spent with the vehicle.
Hai Salaam is a not just a song dedicated to our soldiers but it’s an emotion. It is an emotion from the bottom of every Indian who is proud of our Indian Army and its family.
A Tribute to Indian Soldiers – Hai Salaam :
We have seen a lot of movies and videos on Indian Army. But it does not do justice to what they actually do and undergo for the sake of our country in reality. The real back
bone and inspiration for an Indian solider to do all these for our nation is a strong family.
The struggle of an Army soldier is real and
this song is an attempt to portray just how strong the Army wife can be.
Hai Salaam lyrics are written by Shashwath
Sanil and the editing is by Akash rj.
Sangeetha Rajeev – Indian Pop Diva :
Sangeetha Rajeev also known as SaRa is a multilingual Playback singer, composer, pop icon. She is the winner of The Best International Pop Song of the year at the global VIMA Music Awards 2019 and performer from India.
She is the new age singing
sensation who has taken Indian pop music International. Besides being a
performer, she is also an Independent musician who released her latest Hindi
pop singles Zindagi and Tu Hi in 2018 and the Kannada version of it Nan E
Life and Kare(2018).
Tu Hi was nominated for the ‘Best Pop Song’ of
the year and Zindagi was nominated for the ‘Best Indian Song’ of the year in
the prestigious VIMA Music Awards 2019,held in Malaysia.
Sangeetha Rajeev –
Multilingual singer :
All her singles have been featured on BBC Asian Network. Her first Hindi single Chan Se Udi in 2016 was featured in BBC Asian Network, Pepsi MTV Indies and Radio City (Freedom Radio). With back to back releases of her singles, Sangeetha Rajeev is all set to revive the Pop music culture in India.
She is known for her
electrifying yet graceful presence. she is credited with over 1000s of
live performances worldwide so far and is a very popular singer in the
extremely energetic on stage and her performances makes her the
most wanted name in the event industry.
of Sangeetha Rajeev :
Sangeetha Rajeev was born in
the Silicon Valley of India, Bengaluru to a musical family. Her father S
Rajeev being a Bank Manager had to shift to Mumbai on an official transfer. She
along with her family moved to Mumbai at the age of 6 where she spent most of
Mumbai she also got trained in Bharatanatyam by Alpa Pandey and Carnatic
classical music from her mother M K Sharadamba.
also extensively trained in Hindustani Classical music by Sri Ananth
Rajeev – a multilingual :
She has been the jury on Zee TV
SaReGaMaPa little champs season 12. Zee SaReGaMaPa Season 13 and season 14, a
Kannada singing reality show aired in Zee Kannada. She is currently the
jury of the SaReGaMaPa season 15.
Rajeev performs in the country with no language barrier. She can sing and
perform in Hindi, English, Kannada, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi,
Gujrati and Tulu.
Musical journey – Sangeetha Rajeev :
Rajeev being a Singer, Composer started off as an Independent by
conceptualizing a Kannada Pop Rock band Sarvasva.
singer soon progressed into an EDM Pop genre dishing out singles like
Zindagi, Nan E Life, Chan Se Udi, Kare, Tuhi which transformed her into a Pop
Icon of sorts. This in turn made her into one of the top Social Media
being the name of her current band takes a fresh look at popular Hindi &
Regional Songs and this explosive singer leads the band from the front.
Performances of Sangeetha
Sangeetha is a rockstar. She has given more than 1000 concerts in
India and abroad. When she is performing
she interacts with the crowd. This makes
the crowd enjoy the show more. She is
known for her energy and makes anyone and everyone to dance to her tunes.
According to Femina (India), “the show truly begins when she take to the stage. Such is her stage presence that she has the audience dancing literally to her every tune. She rocks like a LADY”.
Corporate performance of Sangeetha Rajeev :
Her notable performance
includes Karnataka Premier League which was aired on Star Sports, Karnataka
State Cricket Association, Pro Kabaddi League, Mysuru Dasara, Madikeri Dasara,
Bidar Utsav, Kadri Cricketers Bangalore Ganesha Utsava.
Some of Sangeetha’s corporate performance
includes PEDICON India, DERMACON India, Samsung R&D Institute India.
Bangalore, Oracle Corporation, Bosch,
Toyota, TVS Motor Company, Bangalore Palace, Thomson Reuters, Manking Pharma,
Cognizant Kannada International Music Awards, International Food Festival,
Rotary Clubs and a bunch of corporate events, college gigs, television, radio
and media events.
Recently she performed with Bollywood playback singer Shaan for the mega launch of the car Toyota Yaris in India. Her concert at UK was a sold out show at the Gracepoint, London.
Awards – Sangeetha Rajeev :
2019 – VIMA
Music Awards, Asia – Best Pop Song (Winner)
2019 – VIMA Music Awards, Asia –
Best pop song (Nominee)
2018 – Kannada International
Music Awards – Best Playback Singer (Nominee)
2018 – Kannada International
Music Awards – Best Music Video (Nominee)
2014 – Kannada International
Music Awards – Best Playback Singer
2012 – Radio city (Indian Radop
Station) Super Singer – Runner up
2008 – Star India Asianet
Suvarna – Confident Star Singer.
Albums composed by Sangeetha
2013 – Sarvasva – Kannada
2016 – Chan se Udi – Hindi
2017 – Kare – Kannada
2018 – Tu Hi – Hindi
2018 – Ee Sala Cup Namde (RCB
Anthem) – Kannada
2018 – Zindagi – Hindi
2018 – Nan e life – Kannada
Her recent song Tu Salaam is a tribute to the Indian Army.
We wish Tu Salaam to be a blockbuster.
Congratulations to namma
Bengaluru Pop Diva Sangeetha Rajeev from Bangalorean.com team.