Vacant land owner in Bengaluru will be fined if waste and debris is found in their plots up to Rs.25000/- if owners don’t clear debris and vegetation within 15 days.
capital of India’s modern economy and home to many of its high-tech workers, is
drowning in its own waste.
used to be India’s cleanest city,” said, president of the National Solid Waste
Association of India. “Now, it is the filthiest.”
BBMP’s order to clear waste from Vacant land :
The BBMP has turned its eyes on the garbage
problem in Bengaluru. Complying with the
directions of the National Green Tribunal, the BBMP has issued a circular under
Karnataka Municipal Act, 1976 to warn the land owners of empty sites or will be
The civic body has issued a circular to its Assistant Executive Engineers (AEEs) of Solid Waste Management at the ward level. The circular directs the AEEs to identify vacant sites that have waste, debris and vegetation and to issue notice to the vacant land owners.
The circular has been issued as part of
implementing SWM Rules 2016. It
recommend filing a police complaint and pursuing a lawsuit against the
concerned land owners.
BBMP Circular on Garbage dumping in Vacant
Garbage dumping in vacant lands s a regular
feature in Bengaluru. A lot of effort
has been made t tackle with problem with a trashy end.
The circular has been issued under KMC Act.
Section 256 – Public Notice ordering deposit
of rubbish and filth by occupier
Section 257 – removal of rubbish and filth
accumulation in large quantities on premises
Section 333 – fencing of building or lands
and pruning of hedges and trees
Once the garbage is cleared, the vacant land
owners will have to ensure the site is fenced and put up a signage asking not
to dump waste and debris.
Circular to Vacant land owners :
The vacant land owners are required to clean garbage and debris in 15 days. If fail to do so, the civic body will clean the debris but will levy a fine of Rs.25000/- to the BBMP.
The penalty will increase from Rs.50000/- to Rs. 1 lakh if the vacant land owners fail to keep their vacant land free from garbage. The BBMP has the authority to file a criminal case against the owners under section 462(2).
According to the circular, the waste
segregation should take place at the source otherwise they will be liable to
pay penalty under Section 431(A) of the Act.
The circular says :
the site within 15 days or pay a fine of Rs.25000/-. The amount levied from the landowner will be
spent by the BBMP for clearing the site.
fencing, put a signage against dumping trash
the land owner fails to respond, the BBMP will clear the waste and debris and collect a fine. Extra amount will be collected with property
even after the issuance of circular, the vacant land owner fails to maintain
the vacant plot the fine amount will increase up to Rs.50000/- to Rs. 1 lakh.
to be filed against landowners in case they refuse to clean up
to be filed against the law owner.
Dengue Menace :
Mr Naik instructed the Health officials to levy fines on owners of under-construction buildings and vacant land owners where fresh water had accumulated.
Against the backdrop of the increasing number of dengue cases, the BBMP is taking measures to prevent the spread of the disease.
Present scenario :
Bengluru’s plague. It chokes water bodies, scars meadows, contaminates streets
and feeds a vast and dangerous ecosystem of rats, mosquitoes, stray dogs,
monkeys and pigs.
more than the fitful electricity and insane traffic, the ubiquitous garbage
shows the incompetence of governance and the dark side of the city’s rapid
economic growth. Greater wealth has spawned more garbage, and the managers of
the city’s pell-mell development have been unable to handle the load.
population exploded with the success of its technology industry, the stresses
in the waste system came close to a breaking point. Now, with Benglauru’s last
landfill is to close permanently and the city running out of abandoned quarries
to quietly divert a day’s load, the system may simply collapse.
Few expect Benglauru’s
municipal government to solve the problem itself. Instead, a network of
nonprofit groups has sprung up to carry out recycling schemes; these
nongovernment organizations have embraced the thousands of rag pickers who
daily paw through the city’s garbage to retrieve valuable refuse like paper,
glass and certain plastics.
PG (Paying Guest) hostels – Majority of the PG hostels in Bengaluru are unlicensed. Only a few women’s PG hostels have CCTV cameras and round the lock 24/7 security guards.
The PG (Paying Guest) hostels are not monitored by any authority. Bengaluru police doesn’t have a list of paying guest facilities in the city. And the city administration body, BBMP too doesn’t have a list of authorized PGs readily available online.
What does authorized/ licensed PG mean?
Unauthorized/unlicensed PG (Paying guest) facilities are the ones not registered with either BBMP or the police, hence not obligated to provide security to the inhabitants. There is no monitoring done by any agency on such PG facilities.
Under Schedule 10 part II of the
Karnataka Municipal Corporation Act 1976, PG accommodations are supposed to
procure trade license from BBMP Health Department. License fee varies with the
number of rooms that the accommodation has. Even the PG accommodations having
less than 10 rooms are supposed to have license.
Lodging and PG (Paying Guest) accommodation :
There is no distinction between
both facilities, yet minor contrasts amongst Lodging and paying guest will be
there. Large portions of individuals don’t know totally about paying visitor
settlement and which is better for their living.
Lodging is a position of convenience, where
we can discover diverse individuals from better places to remain for
impermanent facilities for a long/brief time.
Lodging – Living with a gathering of companions.
PG (paying Guest) is additionally one of
the conveniences. Paying visitor benefit significantly gave by families on a
rental premise to share their property.
What is PG (Paying Guest) Hostel?
Paying Guests or P.G. is
generally popular with students. As the name indicates, this accommodation is related with the feel of guest. Generally, in a P.G. accommodation a person is treated like guest but
it does not mean that one does not have to pay for the accommodation.
PG Scenario at Bengaluru :
A lot of girls and working women get accommodation at PG in Bengaluru in a large numbers. But it is at their own risk. A majority of the PG hostels in Bengaluru are unlicensed and unregulated.
There are incidents of men breaking in to steal cash, jewellery and laptops. Sometimes the breakinf happens with intent violence.
Things mandatory in a PG (Paying Guest) hostel :
According to Chairman of the BBMP Standing
Committee on health Mr.Mujahid Pasha, CCTV are mandatory for PG hostels.
The other things must at a PG are a security guard
on duty around the clock. The PG should
have a trade licence from BBMP. Once the
licence is obtained it should be displayed prominently in the premises along with
the Area Police Number.
Action against illegal PG’s :
Those who are running the PG hostels with no
licence can be booked under the Karnataka Municipal Corporation Act. They can be punished by closing and sealing the
working of the PG.
PG (Paying Guest) Owners can obtain a license :
Obtain a trade license
for PGs – This can now be done easily online on the BBMP website.
Pay commercial tax for
utilities such as rent, water and electricity.
Problems / Issues faced in PG (Paying Guest) :
One will not choose their
flat-mates in PG. If the resident don’t gel well with them, they are stuck. Most
people staying in PG fall into two groups – a) students b) working
professionals. Typically the two groups have different lifestyles and hence if the
resident belong to group a but majority
of flat mates belong to group b or vice versa, it is likely to be uncomfortable. Even when all flat
mates are working professionals, there is no guarantee that they will gel with
all of them.
In most PG
accommodations residents get Wifi but if a resident is a high data consumer or
if a resident need very high bandwidth, one will find most likely the PG Wifi useless. Biggest
problem with a PG accommodation is that the resident won’t be allowed to bring in guests who would
stay overnight. That means after a party, even if a friend is too drunk to
drive or go home, he/she can’t crash in at PG.
Typically most owners
would have a problem with paying guests bringing in guests of the opposite
gender especially beyond 9 pm at night. That’s a severe constraint
offer very little space. So every time a
resident buys something, they have to consider the space constraint before buying.
In PG accommodations
most of the services (like internet, DTH, newspapers) etc are shared and common
for everyone. So if a resident have special needs, the services can’t be
In a PG, there’s
hardly any privacy. The accommodation will be sharedby 1 or two more people.
The only plus point of a PG compared to a shared apartment is relatively low rent/deposit.
Hypertension or BP is on rise in youngsters at Bengaluru. There is a 40% hike. Rising obesity in young people is causing lifestyle diseases. 40% of them suffer from or are suspected to shown symptoms of blood pressure fluctuations.
May 17 is the World Hypertension Day’.
of high blood pressure shows no symptoms
high in potassium can be beneficial for people with hypertension
World Hypertension Day :
The theme of World Hypertension Day 2019 is “Know your numbers.” The theme is meant to raise awareness about high blood pressure in people across the world. The idea is to make sure to check blood pressure regularly and know numbers in order to necessary action on time.
Knowing numbers is important because high blood pressure is a condition which does not show any particular symptoms. Anybody can have high blood pressure for years and not know about it because it causes no symptoms.
Even without visible symptoms, high blood pressure can cause damage and lead to fatal conditions like heart attack and stroke.
Blood Pressure or Hypertension :
Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe complications and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death.
Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. Un-managed hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems.
of hypertension :
High Blood Pressure (HBP) or hypertension is often referred to as the “silent killer” because there are no symptoms. Many people do not find out that they have high blood pressure until they have problems with their heart, kidney, or brain.
The exact causes of
high blood pressure are not known, but several things may play a role,
Being overweight or
Lack of physical
Too much salt in the
Too much alcohol
consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
The most common causes of hypertension include smoking, obesity or being overweight, diabetes, having a sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, high salt or alcohol intake levels, insufficient consumption of calcium, potassium or magnesium, a deficiency in vitamin D, stress, aging, chronic kidney disease and adrenal and thyroid conditions or tumors. Some individuals may also be genetically predisposed to hypertension.
Segments of Hypertension :
Hypertension can be divided into 2
segments. They are essential
hypertension and secondary hypertension.
Essential segment is not connected to any other
condition whereas secondary segment occurs because of other health problems
related to the adrenaline gland, thyroid or kidney.
Symptoms of Hypertension :
Headaches, fatigue, confusion, dizziness, nausea, vision problems, chest pains, breathing problems, irregular heartbeat and blood in the urine are all symptoms of hypertension.
However, many cases of high blood pressure are asymptomatic, which is why periodic blood pressure screenings are recommended.
Avoiding high-salt and fatty food
Practicing mediation to avoid stress
Drinking around 4 litres of water everyday
Including fruits and vegetables in diet
Exercising five times a week. 45 minutes to 1 hour of brisk walking is
Prevention is better than cure :
Choosing healthful meal and snack options can help one avoid high blood pressure and
its complications. Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Eating
foods low in salt (sodium) and high in potassium can lower blood pressure.
Present scenario in Bengaluru :
According to Dr. Chandril Gunashekar, ‘a
significant number of 20 year olds are now suffering from hypertension. The number of cases has increased by 40% in
the last 10 years. Cases of people
suffering from diabetes and hypertension is also rising which is scary”.
More and more people are aware of Blood
pressure because of increased diagnosis due to health screenings and annual
checkups at workplace.
Many youngsters have hypertension due to
secondary causes. High consumption of
salt is being one of the reasons as youngsters prefer to eat processed food
which is high in salt.
Alternative Medication :
According to Dr.B.T.Chidananda Murthy who is
the Chief Medical Officer at Jindal Nature-care that naturopathy is the best
solution for the problem.
Under naturopathy the diet includes
consumption of lemon water, tender coconut water, ash guard juice and other
Solid food and uncooked food are avoided. Eating fruits, salads, vegetables and sprouts
are encouraged. This results in low
consumption of salt and fat which in turn helps in weight reduction and high
Consumption of water and other forms of
liquid helps in flushing out excess salt naturally. Starting the day with 4 glasses of water and
a minimum consumption of 3 liters of water through the day helps in controlling
Avoiding foods rich in starch, high protein and
high fat food helps in controlling blood pressure. The diet must contain mainly seasonal fruits,
vegetables and multigrain sprouts.
Higher cutoff for girls in Bengaluru colleges is illegal and discriminatory. PU colleges in Bengaluru are setting higher cut-off for girls when compared to that for boys this admission season. Female students are apparently being punished for scoring better marks.
In a country where women are under represented in
almost all walks of life, where women face discrimination and violence on
everyday basis, a few colleges in Bengaluru believe they have a problem of “too
To ‘fix’ this problem a higher cutoff mark for
girls for admissions into PU courses. To
justify the decision, the colleges are quoting guidelines issued by the
Karnataka Government that in fact aimed to improve girls access to education.
Government rule :
To balance an equal number of girls and boys in
government and government-aided institutions, the department of Pre-University
Education of the Karnataka State government had issued guidelines to PU
Colleges to follow a seat matrix.
This was primarily introduced to ensure that more
girl students are given admission in the colleges.
Reasons given for higher cutoff for girls :
For Example in Christ PU College, the cutoff for the science
stream is 93.92% for girls and 91.04% for boys – a difference of 2.88% .
The cutoff for boys opting for science in Bengaluru’s ME SPU
college is 92% while for girls it is 95%.
For girls opting to take up commerce, the cut off is 94% while for boys
it is 92%.
The Vice-Chancellor of Christ (deemed to be University) Fr.
Abraham VM, was justifying by saying, “Girls are smart and this is not a new
trend. If there is no higher cutoff, the
college will have only girls. Higher cutoff
is to bring in gender balance”.
Normally cutoffs have been set at a high with even the 85%
benchmark not guaranteeing admission in the sought-after colleges. Some colleges do not carry a cut off for
Missing names in Second list due to cutoff :
Students with 85% marks in class 10 didn’t figure in the second list for admissions published by famous colleges in Bengaluru city.
One of the parent whose daughter has scored 76% quoted, “there is cutoff and there is quota. I have not forced my daughter to score 90%. I know a child achieves a lot more and marks does not matter. My daughter is an all rounder. Life has big plans for her. But I don’t know how to make sure she get through”.
Reaction of students :
said, “It is unfair. Girls are punished for faring better than boys.” She had
scored 91.2 per cent in her 10th standard and was hoping to get into science at
Christ. The cutoff for the stream, however, is 93.92 per cent for girls and
91.04 per cent for boys — a difference of 2.88 per cent.
A higher cutoff for girls has caused an outrage on social media, with many criticising how women are often punished for being better than men.
High Court Notice to PU Colleges :
The Karnataka High Court has issued notice to the State Government, office of Collegiate Education and Pre-University Education Department for demanding huge sums of money as donation.
Bengaluru boy – Udit Kumar V. tops JEE Main paper 2 in Karnataka. The results were announced by the National Testing Agency (NTA).
National Testing Agency:
Testing Agency (NTA) has been established as a premier, specialist, autonomous
and self-sustained testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for
admission/fellowship in higher educational institutions.
competence of candidates for admissions and recruitment has always been a
challenge in terms of matching with research based international standards,
efficiency, transparency and error free delivery.
Testing Agency released the results of the Joint Entrance Examination (Main)
Examination of Paper-2 for Bachelors in Architecture or Planning. Uduth Kumar.V of Narayana E-Techno School, C.V.Raman
Nagar Bengaluru is the topper in the State.
of National Testing Agency :
efficient, transparent and international standards tests in order to
assess the competency of candidates for admission, and recruitment
undertake research on educational, professional and testing systems to
identify gaps in the knowledge systems and take steps for bridging them.
identify experts and institutions in setting examination questions.
produce and disseminate information and research on education and
professional development standards.
Key Points of JEE Main 2019 Rank Card / Rank List :
are some key points related to JEE Mains 2019 Rank Card. Look at the details :
Based on the Mains Rank List 2019, the
candidates will be selected for the admission to various B.E./ B. Tech
programmes which are offered by 31 NITs, 20 IITs and 18 GFTIs.
JEE Mains 2019 Rank List of Paper 1 is published along with the declaration of JEE
Mains 2019 Result.
calculating JEE Main Rank 2019, no weightage is given to the class 12th marks,
which was considered up to last years.
must secure at least 75% marks in or be in top 20 percentile in the class 12th
exam conducted by the respective board to get admission in IITs, NITs, IIITs.
Examination conducted in two shifts :
first time, the examination was conducted in two shifts. The JEE (Main) tests
for paper-2 (BArch/BPlan) was held twice in the online mode. The first
examination was conducted on January 8th and nearly 1.44 lakh
students took the examination and the second exam was held on April 7.
Of the 61510 candidates who appeared for both the exams 27624 have scored better.
Reaction of Bengaluru Boy Udit Kuamr :
Karnataka topper said, “I also attempted JEE Mains Paper 1 and secured the rank of 393.”
Udit Kumar said that he studied 2 to 3 hours a day. According to him he is not a bookwork. He expressed that he didn’t expect that he will be a topper.
not interested in seeking admission for architecture courses. As he has a good score in the JEE main
Paper-1 he want sto pursue
wants to pursue bio-medical preferably neurotic science or prosthetics.
to Udit Kumar from Bangaloean.com team.
TCS World 10K Run – Bengaluru 2019 is fast approaching. It is on Sunday the 10th May 2019. Over 24,000 runners are set to take the road on the occasion.
Looking at the success of the
Mumbai Marathon and the Delhi Half Marathon, Procam decided to spread the
distance running revolution to the garden city of Bengaluru in 2008. Today, the
event is the world’s richest 10 Km run and has seen participation from top
elite athletes in the world.
The TCS World 10k Bengaluru has always excelled in ways beyond running. It has opened new doors for people to reach out to the less privileged of the society and encourages them to do their bit.
Powell, Marie Jose Perec, Carl Lewis, Maria Mutola, Linford Christie are few of
the big names in sports who have been the event ambassadors of the TCS World
10K, which is one of Bengaluru’s most eagerly awaited events. South superstar
Puneeth Rajkumar is the face of the event.
TCS World 10K Bangalore :
The World 10K Bengaluru (Known
as the TCS World 10K Bengaluru) for sponsorship reasons by Tata consultancy Services
(TCS) is an annual 10 km running competition.
The competition was first held in 20018 and usually takes place in late
May. The first three editions were
sponsored by Sunfeast (ITC Limited).
which is certified by AIMS-certified, begins
and ends at the Sree Kanteerava Stadium, after looping through the roads of Bengaluru.
The different race categories at the event are:
World 10K (participation restricted to
International and National athletes)
(participation open to amateur runners)
Run (a 5.7 km run meant for fun runners)
Citizens’ Run (a 4.2 km run for Senior Citizens)
the Champions with Disability event (a
4.2 km event for persons with disability).
In addition to
this there also is a 10 km Corporate Champions category in which companies
can field a team of 3 members and compete to achieve the best aggregate time.
Face of the event – Puneet Rajkumar :
been the face of TCSW10K since 2012.
Celebrating his continued association as the Face of the Event, Superstar Puneeth Rajkumar urged Bengaluru, to get on to the streets to Feel the Pride and sharing his thoughts, said, “The TCS World 10K over the years has encouraged a healthy lifestyle amongst all. But most importantly, the event has truly managed to bring the community together as a collective, a proud collective of hosts. It is this sense of belonging that we invite you to Feel the Pride in our city and call Bengaluru your home with pride.”
2019 TCS World 10K Run Event Ambassador – Arantxa Sanchez :
Former World No. 1
Arantxa Sanchez will be International Event Ambassador for TCSW10K Bengaluru.
The Spanish legend who accumulated 14 Grand Slam titles – four singles, six
doubles, and four mixed doubles is considered to be one of the most decorated
Olympians in Spanish history winning four medals (two silver, two bronze).
At just 17, she
reached the 1989 French Open final facing world No. 1 and two-time defending
champion Steffi Graf. But she stunned one and all, and announced her arrival on
the pro circuit, beating the German to win her first ever Grand Slam, becoming
the youngest player ever to win the French Open.
Timings of the TCS World 10K run :
Start time : Women 7.10 am
Men 8.00 am
Start – Inside Sree Kanteerava Stadium
Finish – Inside Sree Kanteerava Stadium
The elite run will start fro the Sree
Kanteerava Stadium and enter MG road through Kasturba road. Then it progress to Dickenson road and then
Cubbon Road. It heads into the Cubbon Park along Vidhana Soudha, goes past the
Central Library and returns to the stadium via Corporation circle.
Fortis Hospital are the official medical partners for the event. Around 220 medical personnel will be present at the race. There will be a base camp with 30 beds at the finish and two medical stations on the route.
Five doctors on bikes will the present along
the route with 6 ambulances and 100 nurses.
More than 100 doctors are running in the event.
Tata Consultancy to celebrate 10 years of
association with TCS World 10K :
The 12th edition of the world’s premier
Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) World 10K, the IAAF Gold Label Race will be
flagged off from the Kanteerava Stadium in Bengaluru on May 19.
year as well organizers are expecting the consistency of attracting the best
elite runners as well as enthusiastic amateurs from across the globe.
Commenting on a 10 year long association
with the run, Nagraj Ijari, Vice President & Head, TCS Bangalore Operations
said, “We are always excited to be back – and this year is even more
special, because this year we celebrate our tenth year of being associated with
this event. An association we feel that has gone by so fast.”
TCS we also take fitness very seriously, and have multiple initiatives that
support that vision including Fit for Life, that encourages a lot of people to
clock miles. And last financial year we our Bangalore offices clocked about 2.3
million kms among all our associates in Bangalore and are confident to doubling
the number with 4.6 million kms already registered,” he added.
Eco-friendly TCS World 10K run :
TCS World 10K over the
years has consciously taken steps to be an environmentally friendly and a 100
per cent waste managed race.
HasiruDala Innovations, a social enterprise-focused on creating better livelihoods for waste pickers will spear-head and advise on different eco-friendly alternatives to ensure efficient waste management and over-see last mile disposal and consequent recycling plans.
Beyond being a
globally acclaimed sporting event that puts Bengaluru on an international racing
calendar, the TCS World 10K today is also recognized for the phenomenal impact
it creates in terms of social change through the Cubbon Park Rejuvenation
Program, Madiwalla Urban Forest and being the largest sporting charity platform
in South India. This is what makes Bengalureans proud hosts of a race that is a
celebration of sport and spirit of the city.
Women’s marathon world champion to run in
Bengaluru World 10K :
World champion and Asian Games marathon gold medallist Rose Chelimo of Bahrain will be one of the title contenders in the TATA Consultancy Services World 10K race here on May 19.
A total of 17 gold label athletes, nine men and eight women,
will be seen at the starting line for the race. Seven of the 12 international
elite men have personal best timings which are below the course record of 27:44
set by Geoffrey Kamworor in 2014.
Four of the 10 international elite women also have their
personal best below the course record of 31:19 set by Agnes Tirop in the last
edition. The Kenyan is returning to the city to defend her title.
Majja run and senior
category run :
Among the participants, 6,046 will take part in the open 10k (10,000 metres) marathon, with 95 of the world’s best track and field athletes, road and amateur runners.
“Of the total, 6,595 are participating in the 5.7-km Majja
run fun category, while 873 senior citizens and 723 in the physically
challenged categories,” TCS Bengaluru head Nagaraj Nagaraj Ljari told
The 12th edition of the TCS World 10K promises to deliver enthralling head-to-head competition after the elite fields for the IAAF Gold Label road race on Sunday 19 May were announced.
Geoffrey Koech and Vincent Kiprotich Kibet finished 2018 as the third and fifth
fastest men over 10km in the world last year with 27:18 and 27:21 respectively,
both times considerably faster than the Bengaluru course record of 27:44 set by
their compatriot Geoffrey Kamworor in 2014.
Agnes Tirop returns to the Garden City to defend the title – a feat never
achieved before in the women’s race since the TCS World 10K was inaugurated in 2008
– she won last year. In 2018, Tirop set a course record of 31:19 after managing
to shake off Ethiopia’s Senbere Teferi with just 250 metres to go.
The TCS World 10K Bengaluru 2019 has a total prize fund of US$213,000, with the men’s and women’s winners taking home US$26,000.
Brishti Bagchi, the first Indian female footballer to be invited to train for a contract with the world’s top football league, the Spanish La Liga!
Football is a relatively new entrant to the Indian sports fan’s radar, and women’s football even more so. It’s heartening then, when a young Indian footballer gets picked to train for a possible contract with the Spanish La Liga.
Journey of Brishti Bagchi :
Brishti is born and brought up inBengaluru. Her father is a mathematician and mother is a statistician.
Brishti’s journey in football started when she was about 7 years old. Brishti played football in school and also participated in numerous coaching camps outside school.
At the age of 9, she was officially selected to play for the Sports Authority of India (SAI) girl’s team under Chitra Gangadharan. Soon after, Brishti Bagchi also had the chance to represent the state team of Karnataka, at Senior and Junior nationals (as captain).
As soon as she finished school in 2012, Brishti Bagchi got invited for trials in the USA with the Oklahoma City University Team. She was in a dilemma between going to the Indian camp versus being a student athlete in the US.
Brishti chose the later because it enabled her
to have the opportunity to keep learning the game while earning a degree in
Kinesiology. She was soon on the Oklahoma City Women’s soccer team, playing in
the NAIA (National Association for Intercollegiate Athletics) league as a
Playing for different universities :
While she was in the USA, Brishti played on two different
university teams (Oklahoma City University & North Texas University club)
and one semi-pro team (Dallas City Fc – B in the Women’s Premier Soccer
Brishti graduated in
May 2018 with a degree in Kinesiology from the University of North Texas with
1.5 years of UG research experience.
La Liga Spanish League :
The 25-year-old soccer player has now been offered an opportunity to train in professional football in Spain. If all goes well, she will be the first Indian woman to play in the Division 1 La Liga (Spanish League).
From June, she is scheduled to begin training at an academy
in Madrid and playing with reserve teams, provided she can muster enough funds.
If she performs well, she stands to bag a contract to play club football
The major stumbling block remains finances as Brishti is not
in a position to afford forcing her to urn to crowd-funding.
Current team – Brishti Bagchi:
Brishti is playing for Bangalore United FC in the ongoing Indian
Women’s League in Ludhiana.
She has played with Dallas City FC B in the Women’s Premier Soccer
League in the United States.
Message to youngsters :
She has a
message for young girls and their parents too: “They should always try to find
out what their kids love doing and support them in that. Children should have
faith in themselves. Especially when things start to fall apart, believe in
your inner self and get going. It is a test of your determination as to how far
you can go doing what you love.”
started a fundraising campaign on Milaap where she has detailed her ambitions
and struggles. She is hoping for a
Brishti Bagchi :
Brishti is keep
to help in popularizing football among youngsters. According to her, “Women’s football in India
definitely has gone up. I think there is
more hope bur there needs to be more support.
I know they are working on it and hopefully it will happen in the future.”
Investment in 29 skywalks on Demand in Bengaluru city by the civic body BBMP (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike).
Like many cities across India, Bengaluru is seeing an unprecedented building boom, both inside the city and in farmlands converting to suburbs.
There are glass buildings, new roads, gated communities—changing the way people live and work. But one thing largely remains the same—lack of footpaths.
corporation acknowledges it has a duty towards pedestrians and not just
vehicular traffic, planning several expensive skywalks with escalators across Bengaluru.
Highlights – investment in skywalks :
Over 29 skywalks are to come across Bengaluru
over-bridges or skywalks are meant to ease traffic and avoid pedestrian
accidents, but citizens and urban designers say the BBMP is building them at
spots where they are not necessary.
even allege advertisement lobby in pushing the propoals.
What is a skywalk?
A skyway, sky-bridge,
or skywalk is a type of ped-way consisting of an enclosed or covered footbridge
between two or more buildings or roads in an urban area.
It is a bridge designed solely for pedestrians. While the primary meaning for a bridge is a
structure which links “two points at a height above the ground”.
have the equivalent of a skyway underground, and there are also mixed
They are located
across roads to let pedestrians cross safely without slowing traffic. It is a type of pedestrian separation structure, examples of which are particularly found near
schools, busy roads and heavy traffic roads.
footbridges are accessible to disabled and
other mobility-impaired people, careful consideration is nowadays also given to
provision of access lifts or ramps, as required by relevant legislation.
Environmental factors – investment in skywalks:
pedestrian safety and convenience, the chief reasons assigned by urban planners
for skywalk development are decrease of traffic congestion, reduction in Vehicular air pollution and separation of people from
A number of cities have given intricate
analysis to skywalk systems employing computer models to optimize skywalk layout.
Pedestrian safety at
Once a skywalk is commissioned, the maintenance is neglected. Lifts remain dysfunctional for months without the contractor bothering to check and repair.
There is not enough lighting on many skywalks. With added advertisement hoardings on either sides, the pathway looks secluded, which drives away the pedestrians who want to use them.
“The very underpasses and skywalks that are
built to keep you safe, end up collecting excreta and become criminal hotspots.
They are useless because they are built for athletic young people not for
disabled and old,” says a citizen.
According to a software engineer living in Green
Garden Layout, who says that ramps for cyclists, escalators and elevators for
senior citizens are a must. “Skywalk becomes a nuisance when it has elevators
that don’t work and has well-lit advertisement but no light on stairs.”
When are the skywalks required?
Skywalks are required where ever there is heavy and fast traffic like arterial roads or big express highways leading out of the city. The dilemma even in such cases is about the frequency of crossings and the rationale of the exact spots for a skywalk.
On roads with dense traffic within the city, there should be measures to slow traffic allowing people to cross at grade.
Are Bengaluru’s skywalks a design
There is also a design and maintenance aspect to the skywalk failure story. Some of the skywalk has moved the bus stop away, making people walk an extra 500 mts to the bus stop.
citizens are of the opinion that “BBMP does not know what it means to build
scientific skywalks, their design priorities are skewed and they have a free
hand since there is nobody to question them.
engineers and the politicians involved don’t prefer using these facilities
themselves, so it is unrealistic to expect usable civic services including
skywalks to come out of their minds.
According to some a skywalk
should not restrict the pavement space. This
is bad design. The stairs should start adjacent to the pavement
Are skywalks a sustainable option?
As the city cannot provide
reliable public transport or pedestrian-friendly amenities as alternatives so
people continue to purchase cars.
The government needs to recognize
that public transportation and pedestrian-friendliness is a lesson easily
learnt from all developed countries.
skywalks are a sustainable option? We
have shortage of cops and even at signals many see people jumping signals. The BBMP helps pedestrians and their lives by
providing skywalks. Isn’t that good enough?”
Can skywalks be made
convenient and safe?
With rapidly growing vehicular numbers, traffic congestion in Bengaluru seems unmanageable. Pedestrians, particularly senior citizens and physically challenged persons, are facing grave problems.
Walking on the footpaths has become hazardous and an almost impossible task, due to narrow, uneven footpaths, footpaths littered with debris, garbage, vendors and in several cases non-existent!
The only alternative is to walk on the roads, risking one’s
life. And, crossing the roads, especially with heavy traffic, is an adventure,
few would dare attempt.
Skywalks in Bengaluru :
The civic body had proposed a number of skywalks. But till date only 37 are completed by BBMP. Priority should be given to the pending skywalks than proposing 29 new structures at different locations considering huge demand.
BBMP’s decision to fund the 29 new skywalks is
baffling as the civic body is struggling to complete the already taken up
project due to cash crunch.
Pending Skywalk works – investment in new skywalks :
constructions are put on hold and some have not even started yet as there
are metro stations coming up in some areas, along with ongoing road
widening and white-topping works.
The bidders are
refusing to take up certain projects.
According to BBMP
Commissioner, N Manjunath Prasad, ‘the skywalks in the city were supposed
to follow the public-private partnership (PPP) model initially.
“There are no takers for most skywalks. But there are areas that are demanding
Hence the BBMP has decided to invest. DPR is ready for the 29 skywalks and work orders have been issued. The project might cost more than Rs 50 crore.
Online Monitoring of skywalks :
BBMP will soon
launch online monitoring of lifts and escalators on all the skywalks in Bengaluru
city, including the proposed 29, to check if pedestrians are actually using the
Bosch has taken up the project to monitor online sensors. It is yet to get the green signal.
When asked about malfunctioning elevators, Mayor says: “I have asked officials for details on elevators in all the skywalks across 8 zones. I have ordered proper maintenance and called for repair, if any. I will make sure that every skywalk will be equipped with CCTV.”
Crime against women is on the rise in the city of Bengaluru. More women are registering cases with the Karnataka State Commission for Women. But no tough action is being taken.
Bengaluru : Crime against women :
When it comes to crimes against women, the other parts of the State are not lagging behind the capital, which stood second after Delhi in the NCRB report released recently.
In the last years the number of crimes against women — atrocities, outraging the modesty of women, murder, chain snatching, etc. — has doubled in Karnataka and especially in Bengaluru.
The increased awareness among
women and the liberal filing of cases by the police are the main reasons for
increase in the number of cases in the last years.
While there was an increase in the number of
cases being reported due to awareness campaigns about women’s safety,
adequate measures are not being taken to
curb the menace.
What is crime against women :
Common forms of violence against women in
India include acts such as domestic abuse, sexual assault, and murder. In order
to be considered violence against women,
the act must be committed solely because the victim is female.
Voice against women :
Violence/crime against women (also known as gender-based violence and sexual and gender-based violence are violent acts primarily or exclusively committed against women and girls.
Often considered a form of hate crime this type of violence is gender-based, meaning that the acts of violence are committed against women and girls expressly because they are female.
Declaration of the Elimination of violence against Women states, “violence
against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations
between men and women” and “violence against women is one of the
crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position
compared with men.
crime against women :
Crime or Violence against women can fit into several broad categories. These include violence carried out by “individuals” as well as “states”. Some of the forms of violence perpetrated by individuals are: rape, domestic violence, sexual harassment, reproductive coercion, female infanticide, parental sex selection, obstetric violence and mob violence.
It also includes harmful customary or traditional practices such as honor killings, dowry violence, female genital mutation, marriage by abduction and forced marriage.
Some forms of violence are perpetrated or condoned by certain states such as ware rape, sexual violence and sexual slavery during conflict; forced sterilization, forced abortion, violence by the police and authoritative personnel; stoning and flogging.
Many forms of crime against women such as trafficking in women and forced prostitution are often perpetrated by organized criminal networks.
Authority to safeguard women against
The responsibility of safeguarding
the women’s rights is with the Karnataka State Commission for Women (KSCW) a
government appointed body housed in Cauvery Bhavan in Bengaluru city.
The women who arrive at the office
of the Commission are from all over the State of Karnataka, including from the
outskirts of Bengaluru to places like Raichur, Kalburgi and Belgavi.
Problems at KSCW :
The department lacks man power. It is difficult for common people to get
speedy justice from the KSCW. The body
has no provision to take up effective action.
Currently, the KSCW can direct police officers to register an FIR or
initiative action but it has no provisions that make these directives binding.
According to some the KSCW has not
been able to take any action on any case so far. They are functioning just like a counseling
centre. What KSCW needs is more
statutory powers to take action.
There is a governing body of the KSCW
to oversee the cases in Bengaluru. It
convenes once in every 3 months or when there is an immediate issue.
What falls under Crime against women :
Rape, attempt to
rape, kidnapping, dowry-related killing or harassment, assault to outrage or
insult a woman’s “modesty,” sexual harassment, voyeurism, domestic violence,
abetment to suicide, trafficking of women, etc. are classified as crimes against women under the
Indian Penal Code (IPC).
While there is adequate legislation on
violence against woman, implementation is still lagging behind. The rate of
conviction in cases of sexual violence and rape is only around 16.8% when
compared to the national rate of 25.5% conviction in rape cases.
KSCW Proposal :
The proposal of KSCW to the government
includes addressing of problems of acid attack victims, separate coach for the
Metro travelers, a dedicated patrolling wing comprising women, providing
incinerators at hostels and hospitals.
The proposal also includes regulation of
objectionable content in television serials and films, cyber-crime etc.
Lack of co-ordination :
The KSCW is content there is greater
awareness among women about their rights, there is a dissatisfaction among the
public about how the cases are handled.
The lack of co-ordination among different
agencies in addressing the issues makes the situation very grave for the
survivors of crime/violence.
2018-19, the KSCW received about 2696 complaints on different grounds f
which about 973 cases are pending.
Datas show that crime and incidence of
violence against women have entered into the elite working class. Many software techies and qualified
professionals are emerging as victims.
Different laws to protect women against crime
There are adequate legislations which
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2006 – this act addresses all forms of domestic
Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal)
Act 2013 – this act address sexual
harassment at the workplace and lays down a clear procedure for filing complaints
with an Internal Complaints Committee.
Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 – this act brought about a wide range of
criminal law reforms to make the offence of rape and sexual assault broader, to
include aggravated forms of sexual assault and to recognize sexual violence in
a comprehensive manner.
Implementation of the law :
There are various acts to protect women but
still the cases are increasing. The
implementation of the law is a big problem.
The institutions and authorities implementing these laws have not
understood the nature of violence and discrimination faced by women.
Need of the hour :
Landmark incidents like the Nirbhaya case and recommendations
of the Justice Verma Committee have helped instill confidence in women.
At the same time, many measures are being taken by the
Central and State Governments like setting up fast track courts for these
cases. But poor redressal mechanism is a
cause of worry.
Presently more and more women are coming
forward to report about the crime, redressal mechanism in the city has not been
The need of the hour is to strengthen by
giving additional infrastructure, human power and sensitization among the
De-congestion of Bengaluru roads is in progress using Japanese Technology. Roads sensors at junctions are expected to reduce traffic snarls by at-least 30%.
present scenario the way things are moving, it looks like Bengaluru traffic police
will soon get a magic wand. The State
government will soon deploy advanced Japanese Traffic technology to decongest critical
junctions across Bengaluru city.
Reasons for congestion :
contribute significantly in making Bengaluru
traffic worst are :-
Office/School timings: School and offices use busses for their
employees and students respectively. These busses come on the streets at
similar timings and cram the traffic.
Cars: Most IT professionals use
cars to travel to work. This takes up a lot of space per person on already
public transport:The reason people use cars is because, the public
transport is inefficient.
of IT parks:Major
IT parks in Bangalore are located on single belt, which makes the matters worse
on the Bangalore roads.
the people : Yes.
Even we are responsible. There is
inefficient traffic management; but if people would follow road discipline, the
situation could become a lot better.
QMS sensors will be used. QMS sensors will analyze vehicle density and
share details with the traffic police to adjust the signal timings.
Sensors will also analyze the speed of
Variable messaging signs will be installed in
KR Puram, Silk Board and Trinity Circle to provide real-time traffic
Issues – Decongestion of Bengaluru roads :
Bengaluru population has been growing at a rate of 3.25% per year in the last decade. There has been a phenomenal growth in the population of vehicles as well especially the two and four wheelers in this period due to rising household incomes.
of motor vehicles registered has already crossed many lakhs. In the absence of
adequate public transport system, people are using the personalized modes which
is not only leading to congestion on limited road network but also increasing
citizen of Bengaluru spends more than 240 hours stuck in traffic every year. Such
delays result in loss of productivity, reduced air quality, reduced quality of
life, and increased costs for services and goods.
A checklist for decongesting
Synchronized signal lights,
adjusted to a moderate speed level is one of the solution. Moderate, because all kinds of vehicles ply on
our roads and some of them may not touch the speed limit of 40 kilometers per
Heavy vehicles, cargo laden trucks and the like must be barred entry in arterial roads. If this is not possible, they must be allowed to ply only during early morning or late night hours.
Also, Bengaluru city was not meant to be a megacity. So these vehicles could be conveniently stopped at the outskirts and only those carrying a lesser load may be allowed.
It is disgusting to hear and
see incidents of ambulances held up in traffic jams. The very purpose is
defeated. A concerted effort is the need of the hour, and for the ones who
cannot use public transport, a pooling system may be set up with the help of
voluntary agencies. This could also be extended to regular office-goers, with
decongest Bengaluru :
Bangaloreans proudly claim their city to be the world’s fourth highest congregation of technology, professionals after Silicon Valley, Boston and London.
With more firms adopting Bangalore as their base, the challenge of meeting their requirements in terms of population is a major concern, including the problem of accommodating them on the roads of the city.
Expanding the metro to new
Allowing more private
corporations to operate bus transport system
Introducing Congestion zone
Stringent rules on the issue
of Driving Lincese
Japanese Tech to decongest Bengaluru roads :
A Japanese multinational firm is implementing the project. The Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) has issued work orders to install Que-Length measurement Sensors (QMS). The major roads covered are M.G.Road, Old Madras Road, Hosur Road, and other 29 junctions.
Cost of the project :
The project costs Rs.72 crore. The
project will be executed with the assistance of the Japan International
Cooperation Agency (JICA). The work will
be starting in the month of June.
The Japanese system is expected to reduce the traffic congestion by 30%.
How it works ?
The sensors will analyze the traffic density of the road and the
automatic traffic counters send the data to Bengaluru Traffic Information
Centre (B-TIC). This helps in streamlining
the signals as per the density of the traffic on the road.
The Directorate of Urban Land
Transport (DULT) will be the nodal agency to implement and look after the
project. 29 critical locations have been identified for the project. They are M.G.Road (12), Hosur Road(9) and Old
Madras Road (8).
The QMS sensors will be installed at every 50, 100 and 150 meters of the
selected road stretch.
Present scenario – decongestion of roads :
At present the traffic signals are working on pre-set timings. This method of signal release the traffic
based on the actual density on roads to the entire stretch not considering the
By adopting the Japanese technology the scenario will change in
future. Bengaluru will be the first city
to have Management of Origin-Destination Related Adoption for Traffic
Optimization (MODERATO) technology other than Japan.
The project also plans to install Variable Message Signs (VMS) in KR
Puram, Silk Board and Trinity circle to provide real time information to riders
about the Traffic congestion. This also
includes weather related information.
The civic body BBMP is planning to float tenders for installation of VMS
along 80 junctions for which the Detailed Project Report (DPR) will be
finalized within 15 days.
Mother’s Day Celebration is an annual event every year to honour and respect a mother. It is a modern time celebration which was originated in the North America in order to honour the mothers.
It is celebrated to salute the motherhood as well as increasing the maternal bonds to children.
fades; love droops, the leaves of friendship fall; a mother’s secret hope
outlives them all,” a famous quote by Oliver Wendell Holmes sums up the
eternal significance of a mother.
It is celebrated to increase the influence of mothers in
the society. Mother’s day is being celebrated every year on different dates in
various countries all across the world. In India, it is celebrated every year on
second Sunday of the month of May.
History of Mother’s Day in India :
Mother’s Day celebration was first started in the ancient era by the Greek and Romans. However, its celebration was also noticed in the UK as a Mothering Sunday.
Now the celebration of has been modernized everywhere. It is celebrated in modern ways and not in old ways.
It is being celebrated in almost 46 countries of the
world on different dates. It is a big event for everyone when they get chance
and opportunity to honor their mothers. We should say thanks to the history
which was the reason of origin of mother’s day.
Early Mother’s Day celebrations can be dated back to the spring celebrations to honor Rhea, the Mother of Gods, in ancient Greek civilization, according to some sources.
Later Mothering Sunday in the UK was traditionally a day for people to visit the church where they were baptized, although it now also celebrates motherhood in modern times.
The modern-day origins of Mother’s Day can be attributed to two women – Julia Ward Howe and Anna Jarvis, who were important in establishing the tradition in USA.
Around 1870, Julia Ward Howe called for Mother’s Day to be celebrated each year. It continued to be held in Boston for 10 years under her sponsorship. But it died out after that.
Other sources say that Juliet Calhoun Blakely initiated Mother’s Day in Albion, Michigan, in the late 1800s. Her sons paid tribute to her each year and urged others to honor their mothers.
Mother’s day International Association :
In 1907, Anna Jarvis held a private Mother’s Day celebration in memory of her mother, Ann Jarvis, in Grafton, West Virginia. In 1908, she played a key role in arranging a church service that attracted 407 children and their mothers.
A Mother’s Day International Association was founded in 1912 to promote the holiday in other countries. Mother’s Day has grown increasingly popular since then.
How Was The First Mother’s Day Observed?
Anna Jarvis, on May 10, 1908 held a public service at Andrews Methodist
church, where her mother taught Sunday school for 25 years. She sent a donation of 500 white carnations
for all those who attended and that is how the first official Mother’s Day was
Significance of Mother’s Day :
Mother’s Day is a celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood,
maternal bonds and the influence of mothers in society. It is celebrated on
various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in the months of March
The modern Mother’s day began in the United States at the initiative of Anna Jarvis in the early 20th century. This is not directly related to the many traditional celebrations of mothers and motherhood that have existed throughout the world.
It has existed over thousands of years such as the Greek cult to Cybele, the Roman festival of Hilaria or the Christian Mothering Sunday celebration (originally a commemoration of Mother Church, not motherhood).
Mother – a true hero :
The hand that rocks the cradle, rules
the world. And rightly so. Throughout history, there has been no dearth of
mothers who have not only looked after their children but also played an
important role in bringing a change in the lives of many people around the
In a male dominated society, these women
have carved a special place for themselves by the strength of their resolve and
determination, paying equal attention to their activities in and out. They have
earned a name for themselves in the process. They are the famous mothers.
literature of all countries, motherhood is often used metaphorically to suggest
new life. From Kali to Madonna to Aphrodite, the mother figure has been
eulogized in several forms in myths and in their various roles as the nurturer,
protector and sustainer. In reality, this divine love shines in our hearts and
sustains us throughout our lives.
A Tribute to Mother :
It is a Day to pay a tribute to that one person who has made it possible for you to see the light of the world – your mother. Amidst the demanding schedule that modern day life has tied us down with, it is the most opportune moment to tell her what she is in your life, what she means to you.
Mother’s Day is a humble effort to acknowledge a mother’s ever-flowing love and to compliment her unrelenting efforts to meet her child/children’s needs.
Yet again, Mother’s Day 2019 will be a time to honor the warm and generous spirit of a mother who made innumerable sacrifices in a child’s growing-up years.
Though the idea of appreciating one’s mother need not take the shape of a full-blown festival every day, a day honoring a mother’s sacrifice is a deserving tribute to all mothers and mother-like persons.
Mother’s Day is a festival that carries a tone of sublimity and reverence, rather than arousing emotions of plain revelry.
HAPPY MOTHER’S DAY TO ALL from Bangalorean.com team.
“God could not be everywhere, and therefore he made mothers.”
– Rudyard Kipling
Bengaluru’s air pollution beats New Delhi. The Garden City
Bengaluru tops the list of major polluting cities in India. Air Pollution is posing a severe problem in Bengaluru. The city
is getting gritty with particulate matter. What exactly is blowing
Rising levels of particulate
matter measuring 2.5 microns (which are fine dust) in the air is making the
civic body BBMP (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike) to wake up and take the
The contributing factors are
increased industrial activity in the out-skirts and increase in number of
Air pollution :
Air pollution has been a cause of worry globally. Vehicular pollution is among those concerns that contributes maximum to air pollution in Bengaluru.
Data indicates that 60-70% of the emissions is said to originate from vehicles. This makes the city the only one in India to be most impacted by vehicular pollution.
An air quality index (AQI) is used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become.
As the AQI increases, an increasingly large percentage of the population is likely to experience increasingly severe adverse health effects.
How does Bengaluru rate in the Air Quality Index (AQI) ?
Not too good. It has been found that the biggest air pollutant in the
city is particulate matter (PM), specifically PM10 and PM2.5. These are tiny,
irritant suspensions in the air that tend to enter and cause respiratory and
even cardiovascular diseases.
The air has reached a very high level of pollution.
Effects can be immediately felt by individuals at risk. Everybody feels the
effects of a prolonged exposure.
Reasons for air pollution :
With growing vehicle numbers and resultant congestion and
dieselization, air pollution is a growing concern in Bengaluru. The city is
losing its inherent advantage of dominant commuting practices – use of bus and
walking at the cost of clean air and public health.
Bengaluru needs stringent measures including leapfrogging emissions standards to Euro VI, curbing dieselization, scaling up of public transport, carpooling and walking for clean air.
Walkers and public transport users are inhaling very high pollution in Bengaluru. AC car users are also not safe. There is a strong variation in exposure depending on the mode of transport.
The open modes like walking, open buses and autos show a very high level of exposure than ambient levels. It is also the dominant approach. Even AC cars with windows rolled up to have as high as 125 micro-grammes per cum. Commuters on sustainable modes are more at risk.
Causes of Bengaluru’s air
Air pollution has been a cause of worry globally. Economic growth of cities has influenced the spatial patterns of emission sources, directly impacting public health.
Bengaluru’s rapid development and changing landscape followed by lack of planning has led to several urban concerns, with air pollution being a crucial one.
Contributors to air pollution are unique to each city. Vehicular pollution is among those concerns that contributes maximum to air pollution in Bengaluru.
Data Indicates that 60-70% of the emissions is said to originate from vehicles. This makes the city the only one in India to be most impacted by vehicular pollution.
Central Pollution Control Board :
According to the Central Pollution Control Board, 14 areas in Bengaluru including Central Silk Board Junction, ITPL Whitefield Road and Domlur Circle, which are key commercial areas in the city, have harmful particulate matter levels exceeding the national standards by a significant margin.
A study conducted by Urban Emissions also shows that Bengaluru’s pollution levels at three times the WHO’s safety limit.
It may be noted that over the last two decades efforts
are being made at local levels to assess the health impacts of air pollution.
There is enough evidence to act urgently to reduce the public health risks to
children, elderly, poor and all.
have to take action now to reverse the trend of short-term effects as well as
the long-term toxic effects. For toxic effects to surface, there is a long
latency period, therefore, exposure will have to be reduced today.
Addressing air pollution and health risk has assumed greater importance after the release of the global burden of disease that has ranked air pollution as the fifth largest killer.
Studies in Bengaluru shows the health impacts of air pollution, especially on children. Stunning evidence is available on health impacts on traffic policemen who are directly exposed to traffic pollution.
BBMP’s Action to control Bengaluru’s Air
The Civic body of Bengaluru, BBMP has
deployed its team of Assistant Executive Engineers. These engineers are
attached with the Road Infrastructure wing to clear the silt and dust deposited
on the major and busy roads of Bengaluru.
The Assistant Executive Engineers will be
using mechanical sweepers on major roads in 12 high density corridors in the
city. The BBMP will be adding 17
mechanical sweepers. The civic body
already has a fleet of 9 machines. This
helps in covering 1200 km. of arterial roads.
BBMP Commissioner’s statement about Bengaluru’s
air pollution :
According to N.Manjunatha, BBMP Commissioner,
“due to constant rains and heavy vehicle movement, these roads are littered
with silt and debris. All these days,
our Assistant Executive Engineers and Executive Engineers were attending to the
potholes and asphalting. But henceforth,
they will also be working to ensure no dust or silt deposits on the road”.
Total length of Arterial roads – 1200 km.
Number of compactors – 25
High density corridors – 12
Number of sweeping machines – 25
Civil engineers to be deployed : Assistant Executive Engineers – 25 Executive Engineers – 8
Each assistant executive engineers will have
50km. of jurisdiction with one compactor and a mechanical sweeper. Once the 17 mechanical sweepers arrive, the
work will progress steadily.
Lesson’s from New Delhi :
Before spelling specific measures required to tackle the declining quality of air in Bengaluru, it would be worthy to look at the lessons learnt by New Delhi in its attempt to combat air pollution.
In the capital, one could notice that responses to
declining air quality came as a knee-jerk reaction yielding measures that were
too little too late. Measures such as banning of construction and usage of
diesel generators and deployment of green marshals to enforce regulations had
little impact on the overall air quality.
These instances indicate that solving air pollution must be a continuous effort supported by vigorous institutions, latest technology, citizen participation and progressive regulations.
The current situation in Bengaluru is an opportunity to address air pollution at an early stage and set the regulatory benchmark for other states to follow.
Why are Regulatory institutions weak to
combat Bengaluru’s air pollution ?
The Air Pollution Act of 1981 allows for State
Governments to regulate air pollution with the considerations of local factors.
Unlike other environmental laws in India, which concentrate powers with the
Central Governments, the provisions pertaining to air pollution provide
sufficient scope for local authorities to develop innovative regulations.
However due to poor capacity of State level regulatory
institutions, local governments have failed to realize the true intent of the
Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) suffers from
a deficit of manpower, infrastructure and competence.
and regulatory challenges – Bengaluru’s Air pollution :
Emissions from Vehicular pollution is said to be a key contributor to Bengaluru’s air pollution. This is evidenced by the fact that Bengaluru is the most congested metro city in the country.
Some of the important solutions mooted to address the facing challenges includes a strict parking policy and revision of motor vehicle taxes.
The Karnataka Motor Vehicle Taxation Act 1957, which taxes motor vehicles during the time of registration, currently follows an archaic procedure of taxation.
The Act makes the size of vehicle a critical component of the tax calculation process. This structure requires urgent revision, with a need to develop a linkage between motor vehicle tax and emission levels.
Improving Bengaluru’s Air pollution condition must become a priority- the situation in Delhi must provide authorities sufficient impetus to undertake early course correction.
The first step towards cleaning Bengaluru’s air pollution is to create an enabling environment for course correction and strengthen the decision making institutions. This structure will pave way for preparation of the much needed city wide action plan to combat air pollution.
Ratnamanjari is a Kannada thriller and suspense movie is releasing on 17th May 2019.
Cast & Crew – Ratnamanjari :
Prasiddh is the movie’s Director, screenplay writer and also the story
The movie is produced by Nataraj Halebeedu usa S.Sandeep Kumar. The music for Ratnamanjari is scored by Harshavardhanraj. All the beauty is captured by Cinematographer Preetham Tegginamane and edited by Pavan Ramisetty. Ratnamanjari is under the production company SNS Cinemas USA, Sharavathi Filmss.
The cast includes Raj Charan in the main male lead and Akhila Prakash in the female lead. The other cast includes Nidhi D Gowda, Ramya Bhat, Aashika Gowda, Astha Shetty, Punith Kumar, Shreyas Yeshu etc.
Prasiddh – Director of Ratnamanjari :
Prasiddh is a software engineer turned director who works in Denmark. Prasiddh’s ambition was to become an actor but family responsibilities made him a software engineer. He was a dancer and choreographer.
The title of the film
was originally ‘Devaru, Devva and Intelligence’. “But we felt people would say that there was
English in the title because of the NRI connection. Ratnamanjari is however is more rooted’
Ratnamanjari is an Indian Kannada Suspense, murder movie. This movie is inspired by the real incident
and it is the honest effort by NRI Kannadiga’s.
Ratnamanjari’s story line is inspired and based on true events which took place in USA in 2008 & revolves around real life murder incident of Kannadiga elderly couple in the US.
The horror-thriller has three leading ladies; Akhila Prakash, Pallavi Raju and Shraddha Salian.
Majority of the shooting is been done at Madikeri.
The movie has five songs While one track ‘Mina Mina’ is sung by Puneeth Rajkumar was released by the Power Star in the USA during the AKKA Sammelana.
With actor and singer, Vasishta Simha has sung to one track, the other
songs have been sung by singers Vijay Prakash, Tippu and Fashion Lyrical by Sanchit
Hegde was released by Dr.Shivrajkumar.
The colorful song ‘Baare Sundariye’ by Vijay Prakash is already a hit and ha 1 million views.
Akhila Prakash – Ratnamanjari :
Actress Akhila Prakash is known for her work in the Kannada film industry. Upon completing her graduation with a degree in commerce, Akhila participated in the reality show Pyate Hudugi, Halli Lifu in its third season, courtesy of which she first rose to public attention.
Subsequently, Akhila made her feature film debut with the action romance movie Sojiga (2016) opposite Vikranth Hegde. Other significant acting credits include Gaanchali (2018), Olu Munsami (2018) and Ratnamanjarii (2019).
Raj Charan – The hero of the movie :
Ratnamanjari is his second movie after Manoratha in 2018.
NGMA – (National Gallery of Modern Art) is celebrating 65th foundation day. ‘Ithihaas’ will be the theme of an exhibition to mark the foundation day.
of Modern Art (NGMA) :
National Gallery of Modern Art is an art gallery. It was inaugurated in the year 2009. It showcases modern Indian art and houses paintings by Raja Ravi Verma, Jamini Roy, Amrita Sher-Gil, Rabindranath Tagore and a large number of modern and contemporary artists.
Raja Ravi Verma – who is one of the greatest painters in the history of Indian art for a number of aesthetic and broader social reasons.
Jamini Roy – He was one of the most famous pupils of Rabindranath Tagore, whose artistic originality and contribution to the emergence of modern art in India remains unquestionable.
Amrita Sher-Gil – was an eminent Hungarian-Indian painter. She has been called “one of the greatest avant-garde women artists of the early 20th century” and a “pioneer” in modern Indian art.
Rabindranath Tagore – He reshaped Begali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernization in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Description of NGMA :
NGMA, Bengaluru was set up in the premises of the Manikyavelu Mansion at Palace road and opened to public on 18th February 2009. It is spread over an area of 3.5 acres, the heritage building was transformed from a residence into an Art Gallery.
It has a display space of 1551 square meters to which a new gallery block with a display space of 1260 sq. m. was added.
Over 90 years old, the Manikyavelu Mansion on Palace Road was once the property of the Mysore royal family. The mansion later came to be owned by Raja Manikayavalu Mudaliar, a mine owner.
It was taken over by the State Government in the late sixties, who then offered it to the Ministry of Culture in July 1989 for setting up of a modern art Museum at Bangaluru by NGMA. The foundation stone for the museum was laid in 2001.
Administration of NGMA :
The Bengaluru NGMA is run and administered as a subordinate office of
the Ministry of culture, Government of India.
It is one of the three National Galleries of Modern Art – the other two
being in Delhi and Mumbai.
The gallery stands as a repository of the cultural ethos of the country
and showcases Indian art starting from the early 18th century till
the present times.
Aims and Objectives of NGMA :
The principal aims and objectives of the National Gallery of Modern Art
To acquire and preserve
modern art from 1850’s onwards
To organize, maintain and develop
galleries for permanent display of art
To organize special
exhibitions not only in its own premises but also in other places nationally
To develop an documentation
and education centre in order to
acquire, maintain and preserve documents relating to works of modern art.
To develop a specialized
library of books, periodicals, photographs and other audio visual materials
To organize seminars,
conferences and lectures.
To encourage higher studies
and research in the field of art history, art criticism, art appreciation,
museology and the inter-relations on visual and performing arts.
Responsibility of NGMA :
The important responsibility of the NGMA is to make sure to give quality
and to set and maintain standards of excellence. The aesthetic and educational purposes are not
only defined but efforts are being made to become implicit in its activities.
“Ithihaas’ Exhibition by NGMA:
The exhibition will exhibit 120 sculptures along with paintings and
drawing. The paintings depict the political and social scenario of
post-independence India. The exhibition
is open to public till the end of May.
The sculptures includes 22 prominent sculptors. They are Devi Prasad Roy Choudhury, Ramkinkar
Baij, Dhanraj Bhagar, Sabari Roy Chowdhury, Ararnath Sehgal and other famous
The exhibition comprises mainly from Bengal School of Art. These artists prominently use the tempera
form of painting, water colors and oil painting.
Sculptures on display at the exhibition :
The sculptures of famous personalities like Lala Lajpat Roy, Ophelia,
Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath
and many more will be on display.
These sculptures are mad eof pink marble, bronze, steel, wood etc.
The exhibition consists of sculptures of the following sculptors:
Devi Prasad Roy Choudhury – He is the founder chairman of the Lalit Kala Academy. He was known for his bronze sculptures, including Triumph of Labour and Martyr’s Memorial. He is rated by many as one among the major artists of modern Indian art.
Ramkinkar Baij – was a sculptor and painter, one of the pioneers of modern Indian sculpture and a key figure of Contextual Modernism.
Sabari Roy Chowdhury – Influenced by Indian sculptors like Prodosh Dasgupta as well as Western greats like Rodin. Roy Chowdhury found his inspiration in Hindustani classical music.
Ararnath Sehgal – HE was a noted modernist sculptor, painter, poet and art educator. He started his career as an engineer in Lahore and later turned to art.
Treasures at NGMA :
The National Gallery of Modern Art consists National Treasure from late
18th century to the present. One would
find some of the ancient ganjifa cards, Minutures paintings, Paintings from
company period, Bengal School.
The paintings includes apart from Raja raja Verma, Rabindranath Tagore and Amritha Sher Gil other famous artists like Gaganendranath Tagore, Jamini Roy, Ramkinkar Baig, Binodh Bihari Mukerjee, Sailoz Mukerjee, M.F.Hussain.
Also some artist from South India like K.K.Hebbar, S.G. Vasudev, Yusuf
Arrakal, Ravikumar kashi, R.B.Bhaskaran, Achutan Kudlur and lot of contemporary
Artists from all over the country are at display.
Activities at the Centre :
The NGMA conducts weekly activities which includes panel discussions,
gallery walks on every Wednesday and Friday.
The centre also screen films on ’Ithihaas’ every Friday till the end of
the exhibition which concludes on May end.
The Centre continues to have discussions and film screening after the
Equipped with a refurbished auditorium, an open air theatre, a reference
library, offices and art storage, a cafeteria, and a museum shop cum
facilitations block, the NGMA looks ahead to becoming a hub of art activities
and a major cultural centre at Bengaluru.
The NGMA helps people to look for he works of modern art with greater joy, understanding and knowledge by extending the relationship with daily life and experiencing them as vital expressions of the human spirit.
Vibha Swaminathan has topped the country in the ISC exams 12
Humanities stream. She is a student of
Aditi International School.
ISC Exams :
The Council for the Indian School Certificate
Examinations (CISCE) is
a privately held national-level Board of school education in India that conducts the Indian Certificate
of Secondary Education and the
Indian School Certificate examinations for Class X. It
was established in 1958. Over
2,100 schools in India and abroad are affiliated to the CISCE.
The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education
has been designed to provide an examination in a course of general education,
in accordance with the recommendations of the New Education Policy 1986,
through the medium of English. Private candidates are not permitted to appear
for this examination.
THE ISC (CLASS XII) The Indian School
Certificate Examination is an examination, through the medium of English,
designed in accordance with the recommendations of the New Education Policy
1986, after a two-year course of studies beyond the Indian Certificate of
Secondary Education (Year 10) examination or its equivalent examination.
Vibha Swaminathan :
Vibha Swaminathan is a student of Mallya Aditi International
School. She scored 400 out of 400. Vibha became the national topper. She has secured 100 marks in all subjects –
English, History, Psychology, Economics and mathematics.
According to vibha, “studying smartly rather than studying
till you drain yourself is important and this is my theory of success”. Vibha wants to pursue Law as her career and
is preparing to write CLAT exams. She
is a dog lover and does volunteer work at a dog shelter in Bengaluru.
Class 12 topper Vibha Swaminathan is popular for her oratory and leadership
skills. A winner of several Model United Nations (MUN events), she is also an
The second and third position toppers are
also from the same school.
Other toppers :
Fuzail Nayeer scored 399 out of 400 and secured second position. Deeksha Balaji and Mihir Rajendra Rajmane shared the third position in Humanities with a total marks of 398.
statistics of Karnataka :
students of Karnataka has faired well in ISC Class 12. The overall pass percentage for the State in
2019 is 99.49% in ISC examination. Last year
it was 99.2%.
total number of students who took class 12 exams (ISC) from Karnataka stands at
1769 students from 35 schools. Out of 1769 students 9 could not clear the
percentages obtained for ISC
subject-wise is: 99.40% in English, 94.36% in Mathematics, 98.93% in Physics,
90.62% in Accounts, 95.47% in Commerce and 99.34% in Computer Science. The
highest pass percent this year is in Bengali, which is 99.96%.
Children with special needs did well in ISC :
The specially-abled children who took exams this year made their wards and schools very proud. Out of the 196 candidates, 25 have scored over 90%.
The visually challenged candidates who took the exams have scored 80%, and 4 of them have been able to get more than 90%. Also, The candidates from the scheduled cast have performed very well, as their pass percentage is 96.16%.
Holiday destinations near, in and around Bengaluru are plenty. Bengaluru enjoys a location advantage with its proximity to several holiday destinations and States. One can choose from an array of Holiday Destinations Near Bengaluru to take a break from the humdrum of the city.
Bengaluru – a Metropolitan city –
Holiday destination :
Bengaluru is the 5th largest city and is known as the Garden City of India. Due to the large number of technology companies established in the city, it is often referred to as the ‘Silicon Valley’ of India.
The modern city of Bengaluru was founded over 400 years ago and gained prominence in the 18th century, when it became an important fort city under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan of Mysuru.
Bengaluru city itself is a holiday destination. The city has a lot to places to visit.
Bengaluru has many attractions and is perfect for expeditions and day trips to nearby hill stations. There are a number of best places to visit in Bengaluru, which include Lalbagh Garden, Cubbon Park, Tipu Sultan’s Palace, Bengaluru Palace, Vishweshwaraiah Museum, HAL Aerospace Museum, Bull Temple, Bannerghatta National Park, Vidhana Soudha and ISKCON temple.
All these places are a beautiful blend of palaces, gardens, museums, temples and man-made beauty; so one can choose to visit the best ones according to preference and choice.
Some of the holiday destinations around Bengaluru : :
The following places can be seen in one day.
Historical & Heritage city :
At a distance of 139 km from Bengaluru and is one of the holiday destination. Mysuru is the 2nd biggest City in Karnataka. It is the erstwhile capital of the Mysuru Maharajas, who ruled the Mysuru State between 1399 & 1947. Mysuru still retains its old world charm with its palaces, heritage buildings, traditions and temples.
At an altitude of 763 meters surrounded by hill ranges from north to south, it is known as the City of Palaces. Mysuru is one of the top destinations to visit as part of 2 day trip near Bengaluru and Mysuru Palace is among the must include place.
According to this story in the mythological Devi Purana, Mysuru was ruled by the demon-king Mahishasura. He was called Mahishasura, because he was a buffalo-headed monster.
Hearing to the prayers of Gods and Goddess to save them from the monster, Goddess Parvathi took birth as Chamundeswari and killed the monster. Hence, this place came to be known as Mahishuru, later became Maisuru & Mysuru.
Mysuru has several tourist attractions including palaces, museums,
temples, gardens, etc. Mysuru Palace, Chamundi Hill Temple, Mysuru Zoo are the
most famous places to visit in Mysuru. Srirangapatna and Brindavan Gardens are
major attractions close to city.
Shivannasamudra falls :
It is at a distance of 130 km from Bengaluru. It is a holiday destination which can be covered in one day. Shivanasamudra is a famous waterfall situated in Mandya District. This is one of the best waterfalls near Bengaluru and also among popular one day trip from Bengaluru.
These waterfalls are also known as Siva Samudram, literally meaning Shiva’s Sea. Shivanasamudra is a segmented waterfall with several parallel stream formed adjacent to each other.
Situated on River Kaveri, Shivanasamudra is among the popular Tourist places. The island of Shivanasamudra divides Kaveri River into two parts that form two waterfalls, one is Gaganachukki and the other is Bharachukki.
Gaganachukki and Barachukki Falls are collectively called as
Shivanasamudra Falls though Gaganachukki is most commonly represented as
Shivanasamudra Falls. This place offers breathtaking sight in the peak monsoons.
Gaganachukki includes a huge horsetail shaped waterfall dropping from
a height of 90 m and two large parallel streams that cascade down through a
rocky bed from a height of over 320 feet.
The currents here are quite strong and the gorge is quite deep. So,
swimming is not permitted here. Asia’s first hydroelectric power station was
set up in the downstream of the falls in the year 1905. The power generated
here was initially used in Kolar Gold Fields.
It is 124 km from Bengaluru City Junction. Lepakshi is a small village which lies 14 km east of Hindupur in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. It is the one of the important heritage sites in Andhra Pradesh highlighting the legacy of Vijayanagara Dynasty. It is a one day holiday destination.
Lepakshi was founded in the
16th century during the reign of the Vijayanagara king, Aliiya Rama Raya.
Virupanna, the royal treasurer was accused of drawing funds without the king’s
permission from the state treasury to build the Veerabhadra temple at Lepakshi.
However, he blinded himself to avoid the king’s punishment. Even today one can see two dark stains upon the wall near the Kalyana Mandapa, which are said to be the marks made by his eyes. Hence the village is called ‘Lepa-akshi’, means a village of the blinded eye.
Lepakshi is the centre of some of the finest temple architecture and
paintings. Lepakshi consists of three important shrines dedicated to Shiva,
Vishnu and Veerabhadra, of which Veerabhadra temple is the most important place
to visit. The temples of Papanatheswara, Raghunatha, Srirama, Veerabhadra and
Durga are located in the same complex on a hillock named as Kurma Saila
(tortoise shaped hill).
It is 124 km from Bengaluru. The entire town is surrounded by the river Kaveri to form a river island. This holiday destination can be seen in a day.
According to history, Srirangapatna was founded by the rulers of Ganga dynasty in 9th century. However, the destination came into the limelight during the reign of the Vijayanagara Empire. The rise of the Wodeyar kings marked the downfall of the Vijayanagara Empire.
During the reign of the Wodeyar kings, Raja Wodeyar conquered Rangaraya in 1610, who was then the viceroy of Srirangapatna. From 1610, the town of Srirangapattana was the capital of Mysuru state. Hyder Ali defeated the Wodeyar King and made Srirangapatna their capital for a brief period.
In the Battle of Srirangapatna in 1799, Tipu Sultan was killed inside
the fort by the combined armies of Nizam of Hyderabad and the British. In
addition, this battle also marked the last engagement of the Fourth
The town takes its name from the celebrated Ranganathaswamy temple which dominates the town, making Srirangapatna one of the most important Vaishnavite centers of pilgrimage in South India.
The Srirangapatna temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is one of the largest temples in Karnataka.
Horsley hills :
It is at a distance of 166 km from Bengaluru. Horsley Hills is a famous Hill Station in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh and also one of the best. This is one of the popular Bengaluru getaways/ holiday destination for a weekend trip.
Situated at an altitude of 1265 meters, Horsley Hills is an exciting place to visit. The old
name of Horsley Hills was Yenugu Mallamma Konda. According to the legend there
used to be a little girl named Mallamma who was taken care by Elephants. She
used to heal tribal people on the hills. When she disappeared suddenly, people
thought she was a goddess and built a temple for her.
Later the place is named after W.D. Horsley, the Collector of Cuddapah district. He visited this place and was impressed by the beauty of the hills and chose this spot for his summer residence.
The major tourist places around Horsley hills are Lake Gangotri, View points, Gali Banda, Environmental Park and the Horsley Hills Museum. Horsley Hills is also one of the few places to offer Zorbing in India.
But it requires prior reservation a day before and is normally offered on a group package of minimum 20 participants. Other adventure sports conducted are rappelling and trekking.
It is at a distance of 137 km from Bengaluru and a well known holiday destination. Somnathpur is well known for the breathtaking Prasanna Chennakesava Temple, one of the three famous & finest representations of Hoysala architecture (other two being temples at Belur & Halebid).
This is one of the three Hoysala temples nominated for UNESCO World
Heritage Site status. This is one of the popular tourist places to visit near
Benglauru and one of the wonderful weekend getaways. The Hoysala temples are
known for minute & intricate carvings and sculptures with metal like
Located on the banks of Cauvery River, Chennakesava Temple was built in 1268 by Somnatha, a general of King Narasimha III. The temple stands on a raised platform like other Hoysala temples. The temple comprises three shrines and three wonderfully carved peaks with a common Mandapa. The three sanctums once housed beautifully carved idols of Keshava, Janardhana and Venugopala.
The most characteristic feature of this temple is its 16 different ceilings, each depicting a different stage of a blooming plantain (banana flower). Small and large pieces of finely carved stone chips are set in complicated patterns. One of the main highlights of this temple is the central wall space.
There are images of deities decorated with heavy jewellery, bangles on
every arm, towering crowns and chunky anklets. The vimana over the sanctums
have greatly carved images of gods.
Talakadu is a historical holiday destination which was once a famous pilgrimage site. Situated on the banks of Kaveri River, Talakadu is a beautiful place surrounded by temples. Talakadu had over 30 temples, most are them are buried in the sand today.
Some of these temples have been excavated and are open for public.
There are five temples dedicated to Lord Siva – Pathaleshwara, Maruleshwara,
Arkeshwara, Vaideeshwara and Mallikarjuneshwara Temple. The Keerthinarayana
temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is a beautiful site with wonderful carvings.
Talakadu was ruled by several dynasties – Gangas, Hoysalas, Rashtra Kootas and Vijayanagara Kings. The temples of Talakadu have mixed architecture styles of these dynasties. Talakadu is also known for ‘Curse of Talakad’ by Alamelamma on the Wodeyar Dynasty of Mysuru.
A famous festival called Pancha Linga Darshana is celebrated here once in 12 years. It is held on new moon day in the month of Karthika when two stars conjoin, the stars of Khuha Yoga and Vishaka.
It is 123 km from Bengaluru. The waterfall is natural, perennial and water comes from a big rock at a height of 40 feet, irrespective of seasons. But its force and beauty is increased during the Monsoon season.
The name Dumukurallu waterfalls came into prominence because of its sound resembling the fall of stones from above. This holiday destination can be covered in a day.
The falls is formed by the Kaigal stream which is one of the two streams flowing through Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary. There is a big pond below the waterfalls and this is a nice place to visit for nature lovers. It is situated in a dense forest with plenty of birds, shrubs, trees and wildlife.
The falls is particularly popular picnic destination for people from
surrounding areas. There is a shivalinga installed near the falls which
attracts pilgrims from nearby villages during Shivaratri festival.
Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary :
Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is a small sanctuary spread across 67 sq.kms. It is one of the popular holiday destination / places to visit in Srirangapatna.
The sanctuary comprises of six islets on the banks of the Kaveri
River. It was declared in 1940 as a result of many requests from Dr Salim Ali
who surveyed the birds in this area. Since then, the sanctuary has become a
paradise for bird watchers.
The sanctuary is a breeding ground for many migratory birds from all over the world. It is home to a wide species of birds including cormorants, darters, white ibis, spoon billed storks, open billed storks, painted storks, white necked storks, egrets, herons, terns, swallows, kingfishers, sandpiper etc.
A boat ride takes visitors to the six islets crowded with a number of species of birds. The best time to visit the sanctuary is between June & October.
Rangaswamy Betta :
It is at a distance of 75 km from Bengaluru. It is one of the highest hills in the area. It is also called as Bilikal Betta means white rocks. This is a good destination for short one day trekking from Bengaluru.
Bilikal Rangaswamy Betta lies at an elevation of 3780 ft. There is a
temple dedicated to Lord Rangaswamy at the peak of Bilikal Betta. This temple
is located underneath a huge, white colored rock.
The temple priest lives near to the temple and is the only person living at the peak. Every year, pilgrims from the surrounding area climb this hill to celebrate a festival at the Rangaswamy temple at the top.
The Trekking Trail
starts from Konala Doddi (which is about 58 kms from Bengaluru City Junction –
Bilikal Betta is 6 kms from here). Bilikal Rangaswamy Trek is a moderate one
with a well marked path up till the peak.
The trekking takes 2.5 hrs uphill and about 1.5 hr downhill. The trail
begins with a half kilometer walk on a relatively level path, after which the
forest becomes denser and the gradient of slope increases drastically. The
trail constantly winds uphill at an incline and includes slightly steep
Skandagiri / Kalavara Durga :
It is at a distance of 61 km from Bengaluru and a popular holiday destination. Skandagiri is an ancient mountain fortress lies at an altitude of about 1350 m. It is geographically located close to Nandi HIlls.
This is among the best places for trekking near Bangalore especially famous for night treks, camping and bird watching.
Skandagiri is also
known as Kalavara Durga. It has an ancient dilapidated fort that belonged to a
local king and was later concurred and used by Tipu Sultan. After Tipu’s
downfall, the fort was ignored and laid in ruins.
The Skandagiri trek
is a moderately difficult trek. There are two routes to reach the base of the
hill. One is from Chikballapur town and the other as a detour from the road that
leads to Nandi Hills.
The trek starts from the Papagni Temple at the foot of the hill. This steep and fantastic trek through a maze of dense shrub is highly interesting. There are six series of stonewalls protecting an abandoned ancient temple on the hilltop.
At the top of the hill is a stretch of flat area that has a temple and
few stone pillars belonging to ancient houses. This 8 km trek comprises of
ascending and descending through rugged terrains and can be completed within
4-5 hours of ascending and descending.
It is 98.5 km from Bengaluru City. Avani is a small village in Kolar district of Karnataka. It is renowned for housing varied ancient temples. Avani is one of top historical places to visit.
The village of Avani received a prominent place mainly due to the legends associated with it. According to mythology, goddess Sita gave birth to her twin children Lava-Kusha at Avani. It is also said that the war between Lord Rama and his sons Lava and Kusha took place in this village. As per the local belief, sage Valmiki, the author of the epic Ramayana was residing here during the period of Ramayana.
Another legend has it that when Sri Narasimha Bharati IV of the Sringeri Sharada Peetham was on his sancharas’, he camped here for a few days. During his stay in Avani, he discovered an idol of Goddess Sharada.
The idol was in standing posture flanked by Adi Shankaracharya with
Sri Chakra. He established a new Mutt, which is presently known as Avani
Sringeri Jagadguru Shankaracharya Sharada Peetham.
Janapada Loka :
At a distance of 52 Kms from Bengaluru City Railway Station is a holiday destination to be covered in a day. The Folk Art Museum or Janapada Loka is situated on the Bengaluru – Mysuru highway near Ramanagaram. This is one of the popular places of interest in Bengaluru.
Numerous collections of masks, artifacts, costumes, collection of folk music and videos of folk dances are exhibited in the museum. Spread over 15 acres, the artifacts in the museum are kept in three buildings namely Lokamahal, Lokamatha Mandira and Chitrakuteera.
In Lokamahal the visitors can find interesting folk puppets, utensils, instruments, weapons and masks. In Lokamatha Mandira a wide variety of baskets, utensils and earthen jars are featured which were used to store & grain pickles. In the Chitrakuteera a number of photographs covering different aspects of folk life is displayed.
The other attraction of the museum is a huge elegantly carved temple chariot. The museum also has an amazing amphitheatre. There is a lake at the rear end of the museum with boating facility.
Sangama / Mekedatu :
It is at a distance of 93 Km from Bengaluru (via Kanakapura). Sangama is the place where Arakavathi river merges with River Kaveri. From this point, about 3.5 kilometers downstream, Mekedatu is a place where river Kaveri flows through a deep and narrow gorge. It is a holiday destination favored by youngsters.
Mekedatu means goat’s leap in Kannada. River Kaveri flows into a deep
and narrow gorge, so narrow that a goat could leap over it and that is how it
got its name. It is said that a goat being chased by a tiger saved its life by
jumping over the gorge whereas the tiger did not attempt to take the risk and
abandoned the chase.
When reaching the gorge the river flows ferociously onto the rocks sculpting them into some amazing shapes. The river Kaveri flows through a deep ravine of just 5-10 meter wide. The water flow is very fierce at this place during monsoons making it very dangerous to swim here.
Sangama, 3.5 kms ahead of Mekedatu, is the confluence of Kaveri and
Arakavathi. At Sangama, Kaveri River is more than 150 meters wide at the
confluence and flows through a narrow 5-10 meter gorge at Mekedatu. Coracle
ride at Sangama is a delightful experience.
It is at a distance of 53 km from
Bengaluru. Ramanagara initially
gained popularity as the iconic place where the cult film “Sholay” was shot.
Covered by granite rocks and boulders, it has grown into to a favorite spot for
adventure activities and a fast-growing holiday destination around Bangalore. Ramanagaram
is popular for trekking, rock climbing and exploring caves.
It is a famous adventurous holiday destination.
Savandurga hills :
It is at a distance of 60 km from Bengaluru. Savandurga Hills is considered to be among the largest single rock formations in Asia. Located near the Amaravati river, the attraction offers an unparalleled view of the scenic beauty surrounding it.
It is ideal for rock climbing, trekking or
just spending a few lazy days soaking in the panoramic view of nature’s bounty.
It is at a distance of 104 km from Bengaluru. Surrounded by dense forest and lying amidst steep valleys, Bheemeshwari is a fantasy for natural habitat lovers. With the Cauvery flowing in serenity, tourists can explore fishing camps which engage in catching the Mahseer fish found in its waters.
The lush greenery is home to several wildlife
species, and you can take part in adventure sports like rafting, or enjoy a
coracle ride or even indulge in a nature walk to catch rare sights of birds and
rejuvenate. The Elephant Campsite along the river is a great route to trek
through the jungle trail.
Nandi Hills :
It is at a distance of 60 km from Bengaluru. Nandi Hills or Nandidurga is a popular trekkig destination near Bangalore. Located close to Skandagiri, it is one of the must visit places for trekking enthusiasts.
It gets its name from the ancient Nandi or bull which is meant to be
the mount of Lord Shiva. These hills are the source of the rivers Palar,
Arkavati and Pennar. It was one of the Tipu’s summer retreats.
There are about 1,200 steps laid from foot of the hill to reach the top. Bhoga Nandishwara Temple situated at the foot of the hills is a must see place which houses a 1000 year old sculpture of Nandi.
Summer Palace and Tipu’s Drop, a 600 ft cliff from where Tipu Sultan used to
throw his prisoners, offers a spectacular view of the valley. Amrita Sarovar
Lake, ruins of Tipu Sultan’s fort are other places to visit. There are also
three temples dedicated to Sri Ugra Narasimha, Sri Yoga Narasimha and Sri Bhoga
Chunchi falls :
It is at a distance of 83 km from Bengaluru. Chunchi Falls on the River Arkavathi is one of the famous weekend getaways.
Water drops from a height of about 100 feet through multiple tiers into a small pool creating a swimming pool with running water. It is an ideal place to swim, play & relax in water amidst naturally formed rock formations. This place is usually crowded on weekends. A little walk is required from the nearest road point to reach the falls.
The place is little dangerous due to the slippery rocks and deep gorge on the way to the falls.
It is at a distance of 80 km from Bengaluru and is a holiday destination which can be covered in a day. Anthargange is a wonderful tourist place near Bangalore with religious significance as well as a nature & trekking destination. The place is famous for Anthargange Caves and Temple and which are quite famous as ideal places for trekking from Bengaluru.
Anthargange literally means Inner Spring, named after a spring originated in the hill and water flows through a bull statue at the temple in middle of the Anthargange hill.
The temple is situated amidst thick vegetation and a wonderful spot to experience natural beauty of the area. Motorable road is available close to the temple but vehicles need to be parked at the entrance of the hill and need to walk up hill for about 15 minutes to reach the temple.
The temple is very ancient and considered sacred. There is a water pool formed by the water sourced from the spring. The place is full of monkeys and they also attack pilgrims for food sometimes. Visitors are advised to be careful and also take care of kids.
The Anthargange Caves are located on the peak which is about an hour trek from the temple. There are several caves on the hill top that can be explored by foot. Some of the caves are quite big and good for camping. Several visitors trek up the hill to camp overnight on the hill.
There are a lot of holiday destinations in and around Bengaluru. Do not wait, get your bags packed, pick a destination of your choice and get yourself relaxed on a wonderful weekend holiday.
20 CBD (Central Business District) roads to get smart look in 15 months under Smart city Project. The Bengaluru civic body Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) recently issued work orders.
In simple words a smart city is a municipality that uses information and
communication technologies to increase operational efficiency, share information
with the public and improve both the quality of government services and citizen
Smart city project by Central Government :
Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Project, is an urban renewal and retro-fitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.
The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the
mission in collaboration with the State Governments of the respective cities.
Description of project :
Smart Cities project envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan, which is expected to have a rub-off effect on other parts of the city and nearby cities and towns.
Cities will be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, where cities will compete in a countrywide competition to obtain the benefits from this mission. As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission after they defeated other cities in the challenge.
How project works:
It is a
five-year program in which, except for West Bengal, all of the Indian states
and Union territories are participating by nominating at least one city for the
Smart Cities challenge. Financial aid will be given by the Central and State Governments
between 2017-2022 to the cities, and the mission will start showing results
from 2022 onwards.
city will create a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), headed by a full-time CEO, to
implement the Smart Cities Project. Centre
and State government will provide Rs.1,000 crore (US$140 million) funding to the company,
as equal contribution of Rs.500 crore (US$72 million)
each. The company has to raise additional funds from the financial market as a
debt or equity.
Smart city features :
Some typical features of Smart
mixed land use in area based developments
and developing open spaces
a variety of transport options
citizen friendly and cost effective
identify to the city
smart solution and infrastructure and services.
Strategy of Smart city Project:
The strategic components of
area based development in the smart city project are improvement, city renewal
and city extension plus a pan-city initiative in which smart solutions are
applied covering larger parts of the city.
Smart city concept :
A smart city is a designation given to a city that incorporates information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance the quality and performance of urban services such as energy, transportation and utilities in order to reduce resource consumption, wastage and overall costs.
The objective is to promote cities that
provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens,
a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’
A “smart city” is one that has developed technological infrastructure that
enables it to collect, aggregate, and analyze real-time data to improve the
lives of its residents.
The core infrastructure elements in a smart
including solid waste management
urban mobility and public transport
housing, especially for the poor
IT connectivity and digitalization
especially e-Governance and citizen participation
security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly
Central Business District :
The Central Business District is the area with a diameter of 20 kilometers from Vidhana Soudha. A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city’s “financial district”. The shape and type of a CBD almost always closely reflect the city’s history.
This is the
main commercial area of Bengaluru. It has many high rises including World Trade
Center, Bengaluru and UB Tower. The Collection in UB
City is India’s first Luxury Shopping Mall of South India.
prices are sky high, Brigade
Road, is Asia’s third most expensive street, Mahatma Gandhi Road
(MG Road), Bengaluru is 13th
most expensive in Asia. It also houses
one of Bengaluru’s oldest continuously
operating high street Commercial Street.
Bengaluru as a
Smart City :
Bengaluru was selected for the project but the work is being done very slowly. The 20 selected located within the Central Business District (CBD) will provide the riders and pedestrians advanced scientific facilities.
include smart signaling, light-controlled crossing, digital information boards,
good parking systems, solar charging ports, smart dustbins etc.
Smart city project smart features :
Smart bus shelters
Digital information boards
Smart vendor kiosks
Smart telecom towers
Smart parking systems
Installation of adaptive traffic signals
Pedestrian light-controlled crossing
Drinking water points
Roads in Bengaluru :
The civic body
BBMP will be building 20 roads under the Smart city project. The cost of the
project will be Rs.230 crore.
Phase 1 covers
the following roads :
Kamaraj Road to Jumma Masjid Road
MG Road to Commercial Street
Dickenson Road to Kingston Road
MG Road to Kamaraj Road (via Dickenson Road)
Infantry Road from Ali Askar Road to Safina Plaza Complex (Main Guard Cross Road)
MG Road to Shivajinagar Bus Stand and up to Balekundri Circle
Bowring Hospital Road from Main Guard Cross Road to HSIS Gosha Hospital
Miller’s Road from Chalunkya Circle to Cantonment railway station via Queen’s Road
Raj Bhavan Road from Minsk Square to Basaveshwara Circle
Magrath Road from Brigade Road up to Richmond Circle
Convent Road from Richmond Road to Residency Road
Hayes Road from Richmond Road to Residency Road
Wood Street from Museum road to Richmond Road
Castle Street from Museum Road to Richmond Road
Tate Lane from Richmond Road to Castle Street
Kasturba Road from Siddalingaiah Circle to Minsk Square via Queen’s Statue
Raja Ram Mohan Roy Road from Richmond Circle to Hudson circle
Lavelle Road from MG Road to Richmond Circle
Brigade Road from MG Road to War Memorial junction.
The only pan-city project being taken up as part of the Smart City project is energy efficiency measures across the public lighting system in the city where Sodium Vapour lamps will be replaced by LED bulbs.
World Asthma Day is observed every year on the first Tuesday of May which this year is on May 7. This year the theme for the day is ‘Stop for Asthma’.
The World Asthma Day is an annual event organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) to improve asthma, awareness and care around the world. World Asthma Day takes place on the first Tuesday of May. The inaugural World Asthma Day was held in 1998
World Asthma Day is an annual event organized by the Global Initiative
for Asthma (GINA) to improve asthma awareness and care around the world.
initiative for asthma :
The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) strives to increase awareness of
asthma among health professionals, health authorities, and the general public.
The goals include improving diagnoses, management and prevention of
asthma by stimulating research, and providing evidence-based educational
resources for worldwide use.
World Asthma Day 2019 – Theme :
Each year GINA chooses a theme and coordinates preparation and distribution of World Asthma Day materials and resources. GINA also maintains the World Asthma Day Internet Headquarters, where materials and resources are posted for downloading and a complete listing of activities around the world is constantly updated.
This year’s theme
for the day is ‘Stop for Asthma’. Stop stands
S – Symptom evaluation
T – Test Response
O – Observe and assess
P – Proceed to adjust treatment
The first World Asthma Day, in 1998, was celebrated in more than 35
countries in conjunction with the first World Asthma Meeting held in Barcelona,
Spain. Participation has increased with each World Asthma Day held since then,
and the day has become one of the world’s most important asthma awareness and
What is Asthma ?
Asthma is a breathing problem that affects the airways in the lungs.
What happens is that the airways react to certain substances, known as
irritants and become inflamed and narrow making breathing difficult. This
may also lead to extra mucus secretion by the lining of the airways, which
further tends to narrow the airways.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma, modern medicine has made it possible to control the symptoms completely, so that one can almost forget having asthma. Hence, there’s no need to hold back from having a normal, active life just because one has asthma.
There are many prominent personalities in the film industry, the business world, and even in the field of sports who have asthma but it has not stopped them from living a fulfilling life.
Facts about Asthma :
According to World Health
Organization, 235 million people suffer from asthma worldwide.
Asthma is one of the major
non-communicable diseases. It is also
the most chronic disease in children.
Asthma cannot be cured but
appropriate management can control the disorder and enable people to enjoy good
quality of life.
Some children with milder
forms of asthma don’t have their symptoms with age but symptoms can return
without any warning.
Asthma triggers :
A trigger is anything — from dust mites to deodorants — that irritates the airways. It can cause the airways to become narrow and inflamed, leading to asthma symptoms. Avoiding triggers, if possible, can help to control asthma.
It is important to remember
that everyone’s asthma is different, and therefore their triggers tend to be
different as well. Sometimes the triggers may be easy to identify, while
sometimes it may not be.
It’s very easy to recognize the symptoms of asthma. The common symptoms of asthma are:
Shortness of breath or breathlessness : the patient feel like he/she can’t get enough air in or out of lungs, and
find it especially difficult to breathe out.
Frequent or persistent cough : If one have a
cough that doesn’t go away for many days, and find that often cough at night or
one hears a whistling sound every time you breathe out.
Tightness in the chest : the asthma patient get
a tight feeling in the chest, like someone is squeezing or sitting on chest.
It’s not necessary that every person with asthma shows all of these
symptoms. For instance, some people may have disturbed sleep at night due to
excessive coughing, while others may experience breathlessness while
exercising. It is important that one watch out for the symptoms, so that one can
help doctor diagnose condition
Main cause of Asthma :
Exposure to various irritants and substances
that trigger allergies (allergens)
can trigger signs and symptoms of asthma. Asthma triggers are
different from person to person and can include: Airborne substances, such as
pollen, dust mites, mold
spores, pet dander or particles of cockroach waste.
Types of Asthma :
Asthma does, however, have an effect on quality
of life because attacks can be unpleasant and distressing and can restrict
activity. In exceptional cases, asthma can be life-threatening, particularly if
it is not treated adequately or promptly. For some of these, an attack is so severe that
it results in death.
The set of inflammatory events in the respiratory system can lead to the severe symptoms of an asthma attack.
around 250000 people die every
year as a result of asthma.
attacks occur when symptoms are at their peak. They might begin suddenly and
can range from mild to severe.
asthma attacks, swelling in the airways can completely prevent oxygen from
reaching the lungs, which also stops it entering the bloodstream and traveling
to vital organs.
type of asthma attack can be fatal and requires urgent hospitalization.
According to the World Health Organisation, there are about 2 crore asthma patients globally of which every 10 patients are from India.
Bengaluru is considered asthma capital of India. This is due to the
increased number of asthmatic patients being reported each year.
one of the highest incidences of asthma in the country and is also referred to
as the asthma capital of the country with 25 per cent of cases reported from
the city. In 2005, six lakh people were diagnosed with asthma in the city.
cause of the condition is pollution, which increases the allergic conditions in
the respiratory tract. An increasing number of children are becoming patients
of this condition.
misconceptions about inhalers :
There is an urban legend in Bengaluru that inhalers are dangerous. Many asthmatic patients h are hesitant to use inhalers. Research has proved that using inhalers is the best course of treatment for asthma.
some the misconceptions are driven by promoters of alternative therapy for
asthma who say that inhalers are addictive.
However improper dosage and frequent use of inhalation without consultation
is dangerous and can cause long-term side effects.
What is an asthma action
education is a critical component in the successful management of asthma. An
asthma action plan provides an individual with specific directions for daily
asthma management and for adjusting medications in response to increasing
symptoms or decreasing lung function, as usually measured by a peak flow meter.
of Asthma :
the increasing prevalence of asthma, numerous studies have looked for risk
factors and ways to potentially prevent asthma. It has been shown that
individuals living on farms are protected against wheezing, asthma, and even
role of air pollution has been questioned in both the increased incidence of
asthma and in regards to asthma exacerbations.
change is also being studied as a factor in the increased incidence of asthma.
Maternal Smoking during pregnancy is
a risk factor for asthma and poor outcomes. Tobacco smoke is also a significant
risk factor for the development and progression of asthma.
of environmental allergies with allergen immunotherapy,
or allergy shots, has been shown
to decrease a child’s risk of developing asthma.
development of asthma is ultimately a complex process influenced by many
environmental and genetic factors, and currently there is no proven way to
decrease an individual’s risk of developing asthma.
Ratan Tata invests in Ola Electric Mobility in personal capacity.
Ratan Tata’s investment in Ola
Electric is a significant endorsement of the company’s approach to developing
an electric mobility ecosystem.
Ola’s announcement :
Ola Electric Mobility announced that Ratan Tata, Chairman Emeritus of
Tata Sons, has invested in the company as part of its Series A round of
funding. This investment is in Ratan Tata’s personal capacity in the newly
formed Electric Mobility company.
Tata is also an early investor in ANI Technologies Pvt Ltd, Ola’s parent company. Tata’s investment in Ola Electric is a significant endorsement of the company’s approach to developing an electric mobility ecosystem, including innovations in charging infrastructure, swapping models, and market-appropriate products.
Ola Electric is currently running several pilots involving charging
solutions, battery swapping stations, and deploying vehicles across two, three
and four-wheeler segments.
Investment details are still under wraps.
Ola Electric Mobility :
The company has a charter to develop platforms
and infrastructure to make electric mobility a reality at scale.
Ola-backed Ola Electric Mobility, which develops solutions to
make electric mobility viable at scale raised Rs.400 crore in its first round of
investment led by several of Ola’s early investors, Tiger Global and Matrix
India and others.
The fund raise announcement came just a few hours before the
Union Cabinet announced the second phase of the Faster Adoption and
Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme.
Through FAME, the government is looking to achieve 30%
electric mobility by 2030 and has an outlay of Rs.10,000 crore for a period of three years
with effect from April 1, 2019.
Indian Market – Electric Vehicle :
Though the market for electric vehicles or EVs is expanding in India, appropriate business models are needed to help create synergy among stakeholders, and leverage their competence and expertise towards a common outcome.
When it comes to Ola Electric Mobility, it was initially
established to enable Ola’s electric mobility pilot program in Nagpur. In 2018,
Ola subsequently announced ‘Mission: Electric’ to bring 1 million electric
vehicles on Indian roads by 2022.
It has identified charging as the first problem in electric
mobility and is running several pilots to deploy electric vehicles and charging
solutions, including battery swapping stations, electric two-wheeler and
three-wheeler services, amongst others.
Raising money by Ola Electric Mobility :
The unit is named Ola Electric Mobility and is described
as being an independent business that’s backed by Ola. TechCrunch understands
Ola provided founding capital, and it has now been joined by a series of
investors who have pumped Rs. 400 crore ($56 million) into Ola Electric.
Notably, those backers include Tiger Global and Matrix India — two firms that
were early investors in Ola itself.
Ola has taken steps to electrify its fleet — it pledged last year to add 10000 electric rickshaws to its fleet and has conducted other pilots with the goal of offering one million EVs by 2022 — but the challenge is such that it has spun out Ola Electric to go deeper into EVs.
Focus of Ola Electric Mobility :
The new Ola
Electric Mobility company has pledged to focus on areas that include charging
solutions, EV batteries and developing viable infrastructure that allows
commercial EVs to operate at scale, according to an announcement.
words, the challenge of developing electric vehicles goes beyond being a
“ride-hailing problem” and that is why Ola Electric has been formed and is
being capitalized independently of Ola.
Ratan Tata :
Ratan Naval Tata, (born 28 December 1937) is an
industrialist, businessman, investor, philanthropist, and a former chairman of
Tata Sons who serves as its
chairman emeritus. He was
also chairman of Tata Group, from 1991 to 2012, and again, as interim chairman,
from October 2016 through February 2017, and continues to head its charitable
He is the
recipient of two of the highest civilian awards of India – Padma Vibhushan
(2008) and Padma Bhushan (2000). He is well-known for his business ethics and
Ratan Tata, said, “The electric vehicle ecosystem is evolving
dramatically every day, and I believe Ola Electric will play a key role in its
growth and development. I have always admired the vision of Bhavish Aggarwal
and I’m confident that this will be part of yet another important strategic
move into this new business area.”
Bhavish Aggarwal :
Bhavish Aggarwal (born 28 August 1985) is an Indian entrepreneur and co-founder of Ola Cabs. Aggarwal was born in Ludhiana and grew up in Afghanistan and the UK.
He completed a bachelor’s degree in computer science and engineering at Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay in 2008. He started his career with Microsoft Research India as a Research Intern and later got reinstated as an Assistant Researcher.
He began his
career with Microsoft, where he worked for two years, filed two patents and
published three papers in international journals. In January 2011 he co-founded Ola Cabs
with Ankit Bhati in Mumbai. In
2015 Aggarwal and Bhati were the youngest to be included in that year’s list of
Ratan Tata invests an undisclosed amount in Ola
“Tata has been a mentor and an inspiration in shaping
Ola’s journey over the years,” said Bhavish Aggarwal, co-founder and CEO
Tata, Chairman Emeritus of Tata Sons, has invested an undisclosed amount in
Ola Electric Mobility (OEM), the electric vehicles project of the ride hailing
app. This investment, which is part of OEM’s series A round of funding, is in
Ratan Tata’s personal capacity, the Bengaluru-based company said in a statement.
Tata is also
an early investor in ANI Technologies, Ola’s parent company. Bhavish Aggarwal,
co-founder and CEO of Ola said Tata has been a mentor to him personally, and an
inspiration in shaping Ola’s journey over the years.
EV Four Wheelers :
The Indian electric vehicle segment is currently ripe for disruption.
With the continuous push from the government to ensure 30% electric mobility in
India by 2030, both local and foreign companies are making their way into this
opportunity. Earlier this week, UK-based electric bike company and lifestyle
brand GoZero Mobility also announced plans to
Of the 2.6
Lakh electric vehicles sold in India as of December 2018 (according to FAME
India report) a majority 59% of sales came from two-wheelers. Two-wheeler
electric vehicles like Ather Energy, Emflux Motors, Hero Electric have already
tasted success in this segment.
Others like Maruti Suzuki India Ltd, Toyota Motor Corp and Nissan Motor Co are testing the ground to launch two-wheeler electric vehicles in the country, some as early as 2020.
Can Ola Electric Mobility deliver on the opportunity? Only time will tell. For now, it has cash in hand, investors who believe in this business and a market with a big opportunity.
education is offered by University of Agricultural sciences, Bengaluru despite
ban by University Grant Commission.
According to university there is no compromise on quality as practical’s
Agricultural Education is the teaching of agriculture, natural
resources, and land management. At higher levels, agricultural education is primarily undertaken to prepare students for
employment in the agricultural sector.
agricultural education, students are provided opportunities for leadership
development, personal growth and career success. Agricultural education
instruction is delivered through three major components:
leadership organizations (National FFA Organization, National Young Farmer
Educational Association and National Post-secondary Agricultural Student
Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school. Traditionally, this usually involved correspondence courses wherein the student corresponded with the school via post.
Today it involves online education. Courses that are conducted (51 percent or more) are either hybrid, blended or 100% distance learning.
Massive open online courses (MOOCs), offering large-scale interactive participation and open access through the World Wide Web or other network technologies, are recent developments in distance education.
A number of other terms (distributed learning, e-learning, online learning, virtual classroom etc.) are used roughly with distance education.
University correspondence courses :
The University of London was the first university to offer distance learning degrees, establishing its External Program in 1858. The background to this innovation lay in the fact that the institution (later known as University College, London was non-denominational and, given the intense religious rivalries at the time, there was an outcry against the “godless” university.
Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning through open educational resources and facilities such as e-learning and MOCCs.
Although the expansion of the Internet blurs the boundaries, distance education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery: Synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.
University of Agricultural sciences, Bengaluru :
University of Agricultural Sciences Bengaluru, a premier institution of agricultural education and research in the country, began as a small agricultural research farm in 1899 on 30 acres of land donated by Her Excellency Maharani Kempa Nanjammanni Vani Vilasa Sannidhiyavaru, the Regent of Mysore and appointed Dr. Lehmann, German Scientist to initiate research on soil crop response with a Laboratory in the Directorate of Agriculture.
Later under the initiative of the Dewan of Mysore Sir M. Vishweshwaraiah, the Mysore Agriculture Residential School was established in 1913 at Hebbal which offered Licentiate in Agriculture and later offered a diploma program in agriculture during 1920. The School was upgraded to Agriculture College.
In 1946 which offered four year degree programs in Agriculture. The
Government of Mysore headed by Sri. S. Nijalingappa, the then Chief Minister,
established the University of Agricultural Sciences on the pattern of Land
Grant College system of USA and the University of Agricultural Sciences Act No.
22 was passed in Legislative Assembly in 1963. Dr. Zakir Hussain, the Vice
President of India inaugurated the University on 21st August 1964.
Origin of University of Agricultural sciences in Bengaluru :
The rulers of Mysore kingdom ( The Wodeyars) felt the need to establish
research units in the field of agriculture and donated about 30 acres
(120,000 m2) of land to set up an Experimental Agricultural Station at
Hebbal and appointed German chemist Lehmann to initiate research on soil crop
response with Laboratory in the Directorate of Agriculture around 1900.
Later in 1906, Leslie Coleman, a
Canadian Entomologist and
Mycologist succeeded Lehmann and served for 25 years
UAS – Distance education :
The University began its academic activities by offering in degree programs in Agriculture and Veterinary disciplines. Later degree program in Fisheries science was added with the establishment of Fishery college at Mangalore.
Due to need for horticulture specialization, degree program in Horticulture was added with the establishment of Horticulture college at Mudigere. The degree program in Dairy science was added by starting the Dairy Science College, at Hebbal.
The Department of Agricultural Marketing and Cooperation was newly created which commenced the degree program in Agricultural Marketing and Cooperation.
The new college of Forestry in Ponnampet, South Kodagu, offered the degree program in Forestry, the new college of Sericulture at Chintamani offered the degree program in Sericulture. The Chintamani campus also offers BSc(Agri) program from 2007.
The Department of Agricultural Engineering offered the Bachelors degree
in Agricultural Engineering. This heralded ruralization of education utilizing
the facilities in the already existing Agricultural Research Stations.
Distance education unit at UAS :
The University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru took a lead in starting the correspondence course during the year 1974, on production technologies. To motivate the participant farmers to adopt such knowledge gainfully in their field.
The Directorate of Extension in consultation with the concerned scientists of University designs the correspondence courses with suitable syllabus in vernacular language (Kannada).
The Directorate of Extension also facilitating contact classes for Post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural Extension Management (PGDAEM) of MANAGE, Hyderabad and offering Post Graduate Diploma in Agriculture (PGDA) and One Year Diploma in Agriculture.
Besides, certificate courses: Organic Farming, Integrated Farming System and Post-harvest Management of Food grains, fruits and vegetables for the benefit of farmers.
The University started
Distance Education Unit (DEU) in the Directorate of Extension during 2012
combining all the non-formal education activities under one umbrella.
To diffuse technical
“Know-how” to the literate farmers.
To disseminate information
at convenient time and place of the farmers.
To teach farmers who are
residing at remote places.
To provide technologies to
To encourage Distance
Education in Agriculture
Identifying the topics for
the course in consultation with scientists.
Developing syllabus and
notes in vernacular language (Kannada).
Publicity of courses through
media for farming community.
providing lesson wise course materials to participants regularly.
Collecting feedback and
Issuing certificates after
University Grant Commission’s ban – Distance education :
The University Grants Commission of
India (UGC India) is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union
government in accordance to the
UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of
Human Resource Development, and is
charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher
recognition to universities in India, and disbursements of funds to such
recognized universities and colleges. Its headquarters is in New Delhi and has
six regional centres in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and
UGC is modelled after University Grants Committee of UK which was an advisory committee of the
British government and advised on the distribution of grant funding amongst the
British universities. The committee was in existence from 1919 until 1989.
Grant Commission’s ban – Distance
education regulator in India UGC had banned agriculture courses from distance education
and open universities. The grounds for
ban is that a degree program in agricultural field requires technical guidance
and requires practical’s or laboratory classes.
To protect the student’s interests who have enrolled for the agricultural degree programs, the UGC has requested the Indian council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) for hand-holding higher education colleges and institutions offering the distance education program.
The UAS is
conducting distance education programs at weekends. UAS does not have study centres. It is
conducting practical classes for the candidates. This program is conducted like
any other normal course.
The UGC has
banned distance education courses saying there will be no practical exposure to
The UAS is
planning to take this tissue to the ICAR (Indian Council of Agriculture
Research) for remedial measures. The UAS curriculum will be presented in front
of UGC to take permission.,
Bengaluru Development Authority (BDA) – planning to tie up with realtors to over come the cash crunch in Bengaluru.
There are very few people who wants to own BDA flats and
villas in the last years. This has made Bengaluru Development Authority
to decide on teaming up with private realtors.
This move by BDA will take away the authority’s power to decide on the
real estate prices.
BDA – Bengaluru Development Authority :
The Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) came into being with effect from 6th January 1976 under a separate Act of the State Legislature viz. the BDA Act 1976. This Authority combined in itself the Planning functions of the City Planning Authority and the developmental functions of the erstwhile CITB.
Focus of Bengaluru Development Authority :
Development of Bengaluru in a planned manner, creating quality infrastructure, provision of sites and services and catering to the housing needs of the underprivileged are the focus areas of the BDA.
the BDA has allotted 76,000 sites to individuals for construction of
residential dwellings. In addition, more than 800 civic amenity sites have been
given for use by various public utilities, as also organisations, catering to
the felt needs of the particular locality.
Functional Divisions of Bengaluru Development Authority :
The Authority has the
following main departments
1. Land Acquisition
2. Town Planning
4. Allotment &
General Administration Department
5. Finance Department
6. Law Department
7. Public Relations
8. Environment &
Real Estate – Realtors :
Real estate is “property consisting of land and the buildings on it,
along with its natural resources such
as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest
vested in this (also) an item of real property, (more generally) buildings or
housing in general.
real estate :
Residential real estate may
contain either a single family or multifamily structure that is available for
occupation or for non-business purposes.
Residences can be classified by and how they are connected to neighbouring residences and land. Different types of housing tenure can be used for the same physical type.
For example, connected residences might be owned by a single entity and leased out, or owned separately with an agreement covering the relationship between units and common areas and concerns.
Private Partnership model – Bengaluru Development Authority :
The BDA is cash-crunched. The authority as sought the government’s permission to enter into the public-private partnership (PPP) model with private companies and realtors.
The plan is to
make quick business and raise money for various infrastructure projects by
constructing and selling villas and flats in namma Bengaluru.
Development Authority is planning to undertake new housing projects under the
Public Private Partnership model. Once
the government approves, the project will be undertaken on unused land. The authority is also planning to sell the already
constructed flats and villas with a more transparent and faster approach.
by Bengaluru Development Authority :
Development Authority is in possession of 2000 flats and 30 villas. Under the new PPP model, the authority is
planning to sell the land to a private company/realtor.
Under the new
model, good quality construction and the sale of the same will be the builder’s
responsibility. After the sales, the
Bengaluru Development Authority will get a share of the apartments and villas.
According to the
BDA Commissioner, the Government’s approval has been sought.
of PPP Model :
The PPP model is
followed in the case of the BDA shopping complex in Koramangala. In case of the housing projects, the
Bengaluru Development Authority takes around 30 to 35% of the land or cash
compensation along with flats and villas.
model, the Bengaluru Development Authority will have a share in the
project. This divides BDA’s work.
If this model
goes well, the Bengaluru Development Authority plans to implement at the
Dasanapura Village where work is on to construct 340 villas,
03.05.2019 the ACB of Bengaluru Rural caught Sri. Lakshman H.R. while accepting
a bribe of Rs.15000/-
of Devanahalli Taluk, Kundana Hobli, Sollur Village is having a Sollur village
katha no.5 having land at the village. Out
of which 2 acres of land in 2008 was registered illegally in another person’s
name vide a Katha in new Survey No.224.
the registration of the Khata, the owner approached DDLR Devenahalli and
submitted an application. Sri. Lakshman
H.R. Surveyor, LDLR Office, Devenahalli had demanded a bribe of Rs.15000/- to
do the land inspection.
The bribe amount has been confiscated. The officer has been suspended and a case has been registered.
Internet handling fee – charged by movie ticket booking sites and payment platform are under RBI microscope/scrutiny for charging ‘convenience’ and ‘internet handling’.
It is very easy and convenient to book a
movie ticket online through app on ones mobile phone or a website using
computer. But one has to think what is
the ‘internet handling fee’ that we pay against each ticket means.
Internet handling fees in India :
India is a country which produces over 1000 films every year, which is a record in itself. This tells us how crazy the country is.
there used to be movie theatres, single-screen movie theatres, where one movie
would run once. Tickets were sold at counters and nothing was done online.
However, multiplexes came, multiple movies screened at a single time, seats became important, recliners were preferred and everything changed.
The movie-going experience suddenly went on a different level altogether. With that experience, the ticket prices and the mode of booking also became different.
handling fees as of 2018 is 17% i.e. for a ticket of around 300 INR you pay Rs.50/-as fees. But that’s not it, since they are giving
you a service you will have to pay the GST on top of this 17%.
handling fees on BookMyShow :
BookMyShow gives all
theatres featured on their portal an option to levy the payment gateway fee on
the customer in the form of internet handling fees, when in fact, the theatres are supposed to pay that amount
to the bank for each debit/credit card transaction.
an aggregator service for the entertainment industry where they assist one with
information and ticketing for movies and different events across many cities
all over the Country. They let one book
movie tickets in cinema in the simplest, easiest and the smartest way without unnecessary
How it works :
aggregator charges Rs.19.82 as internet handling fees that includes a booking
fee of Rs.16.80 and Rs.3.02 Integrated GST (IGST) at 18%. Most of the people don’t mind paying a little extra cost to avoid
standing in the queue. The amount
Rs.16.80 is to be paid by BookMyShow to the bank and not by the customer.
gives all theatres mentioned in their portal an option to levy the payment
gateway fee on the customer in the form of internet handling fees, where in reality
it the theatres are supposed to pay that amount to the bank for each debit or
credit card transaction.
RTI Query –
Internet handling fee :
A RTI query was lodged to the Reserve Bank of India by Sanjay
Gopal, who happens to be the President of ‘Forum against Corruption’. RBI,
therefore said that online ticket aggregators do not hold the right to charge
any kind of fee as they are not authorized to do so.
It also said
that, if any such charge is levied then a complaint can be lodged to RBI. It
further stated that these companies are violating the law of Merchant Discount
the IT Act 6A (3) section, digital service providers are not allowed to charge
such fee without permission from RBI.
For a service
provider of this nature, to collect, retain and appropriate service charges,
they need to take permission from the RBI.
Views of law
on internet handling fee :
The RBI in an RTI query
recently stated that online platforms through which movie tickets are booked do
not hold the authority to levy handling fees from customers. The reply further
explains that this is in violation of the RBI’s Merchant Discount Rate (MDR)
What is MDR (Merchant
MDR is basically cost paid by a merchant to a bank for accepting payment from its customers via credit or debit cards every time a card is used in their stores. This essentially means that it is the merchant/trader who has to pay the MDR and not the customer.
Therefore levying ‘internet handling fee’ on customers is in violation of the MDR regulations and therefore illegal.
query to the Reserve Bank of India by Vijay Gopal, president of ‘Forum Against
Corruption’ a body fighting against corruption, showed that a user doesn’t have
to pay extra while booking movie tickets online through a mobile app or
The RBI stated that online
platforms through which movie tickets are booked, do not hold the authority to
levy handling fees from customers. The reply further explains that this is in
violation of the RBI’s Merchant Discount Rate (MDR) regulations.
charges – Internet handling fee:
MDR is the cost paid by a merchant to a bank for accepting payment from its customers via credit or debit cards every time a card is used in their stores. A cost which by its definition means that it should be borne by the merchant/trader and not the customer.
However, today’s platforms such as BookMyShow, Paytm and PVR cinemas continue to charge exorbitant ‘internet handling fee’ from customers, which is in violation of the MDR regulations and therefore illegal.
Public action :
Those who want to complain about these problems
against such RBI regulated entities can do so now. To report a violation by a merchant, one has
to approach the bank that is being used by the merchant to make the transaction. But in a majority of cases, the information
is often not available to the customer who is making the payment.
If the bank rejects to take action within 30
days or if the bank answers negatively, the consumer can approach the office of
the Banking Ombudsman.
Statistics – Internet handling fee :
Network18, the investor company of BookMyShow
reported consolidated revenues of rs.1538 crore for the quarter ended 31st
December 2018. It shows a 250% jump from
the same quarter last year.
BookMyShow witnessed a 7 million app downloads.
The aggregator managed ticketing for Pro-Kabbadi League for 4 teams, football
league ISL 2018 and to some of the electronic music events.
Last year in July, Big Tree Entertainment the parent company of BookMyShow
raised a series of D funding of $100
million led by TPG Growth, with participation from existing investors.
How the Internet handling fee is charged?
For example if a customer purchases a premium
ticket at the Cinepolis in Orion East Mall, Bengaluru, the customer have to pay
a total of Rs.297.46 which also includes
the original ticket price of Rs.260 plus Rs.32 as ‘booking fees’ and IGST
amounting to Rs.5.76.
Online booking sites serving movie buffs are
passing on the burden to the customers.
This looks like a daylight robbery by the
service providers. Strict regulations
are the need of the hour.
Bodies (ULB) elections will be held on May 29.
The total number of Urban Local Bodies in Karnataka are 277. The
election will be having 1646 polling stations with 8230 personnel
The Karnataka State election commission announced elections for different local bodies, including city corporations and councils, panchayats and other urban local bodies.
This election is likely to test the resolve of the Janata Dal
(Secular)-Congress coalition and particularly its grass-root level workers who
have been unable to overcome differences.
The Number of Urban Local Bodies going to polls are 63. This includes 8 city municipal councils, 33
town municipal councils and 22 town panchayats.
The total number of wards are 1361.
Events Calendar – Urban Local Bodies :
Date of issue of notification – May 9 for 63 ULB’s
May 13 for by-polls to taluk and gram panchayats.
Last date to file nominations – May 16
Scrutiny of file nomination papers – May 17
Last date for withdrawal of nominations – May 20
Poling date – May 29 (7 am to 5 pm)
Total number of voters – 14.74 lakh
Total number of wards that will go to the polls : 1361 (248 in 8 City
municipal councils, 783 in 33 Town Municipal Councils and 330 in 22 Town
Bypolls – Urban Local Bodies :
Bypolls to ULBs will also be held for vacant seats in
ten taluk panchayats, 202 gram panchayats, two seats in Bruhat Bengaluru
Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) and one seat in Tumkuru corporation. Voting for
bypolls will happen on May 29.
Urban Local Bodies election :
ULB polls are being held in 22 districts and model code of conduct will come into effect immediately, until May 31, in specific wards and ULB limits. ULB seats in Bengaluru rural (Anekal) and Urban (Devanahalli and Nelamangala) are going to polls.
Select CMC, TMC and TPs in Chitradurga, Davangere,
Kolar, Chikkaballapur, Shivamogga, Tumakuru, Mysuru, Chikmagalur, Dakshin
Kannada, Hassan, Mandya, Chamarajnagara, Vijayapura, Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri,
Uttara Kannada, Bidar, Ballari and Yadgir will go to polls.
Bodies (ULB) :
Urban Local Bodieshas existed since the year 1687, with
the formation of Madras Municipal Corporation, and then Calcutta and Bombay
Municipal Corporation in 1726. In the early part of the nineteenth century
almost all towns in India had experienced some form of municipal governance.
In 1882 the then Viceroy
of India, Lord Ripon, who is known as the Father of Local Self
Government, passed a resolution of local self-government which laid the
democratic forms of municipal governance in India.
History of ULB’s :
the 1991 Census of India, there were
3255 urban local bodies (ULBs) in the country; classified into the four major
Corporation (Nagar Nigam)
Municipality (municipal council, municipal board,
municipal committee) (Nagar Parishad)
Town area committee
Notified area committee
The municipal corporations and municipalities are fully
representative bodies, while the notified area committees and town area
committees are either fully or partially nominated bodies.
of Urban Local Bodies :
The municipal bodies are vested with a long list of functions delegated to them by the state governments under the municipal legislation. These functions broadly relate to public health, , welfare, regulatory functions, public safety, public infrastructure works and development activities.
Public health includes water supply, sewerage and
sanitation, eradication of communicable diseases etc. Welfare includes public facilities such as
education, recreation etc. Regulatory functions related to prescribing and
enforcing building regulations,
encroachments on public land, birth registration and death certificate etc. Public
safety includes fire protection, street lighting etc
Public works measures such as construction and maintenance of inner city roads, etc. and development functions related to town planning and development of commercial markets.
In addition to the legally assigned functions, the sectoral departments of the state government often assign unilaterally, and on an agency basis, various functions such as family planning, nutrition and slum improvement, disease and epidemic control, etc.
Mahanagar Palika (Munucipal Corporation ) in India are State Government formed departments that
works for the development of a metropolitan city, which has a population of more than 1 million.
population and urbanization in various cities of India were in need of a local
governing body that can work for providing necessary community services like
health centres, educational institutes and housing and property tax.
formed under the Corporations Act of 1835 of panchayati rai system which mainly deals in providing
essential services in every small town as well as village of a district/city.
Their elections are held once in five year and the people choose the
corporations are in the eight metropolitan cities of India, namely Mumbai,
Delhi, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Pune. These cities not only
have a large population, but are also the administrative as well as commercial
centres of the country.
( Nagar Palika) :
The members of the Nagar palika are elected representatives for a term
of five years. The town is divided into wards according to its population, and
representatives are elected from each ward. The members elect a president among
themselves to preside over and conduct meetings.
A chief officer, along with officers like an engineer, sanitary
inspector, health officer and education officer who come from the state public
service are appointed by the state government to control the administrative
affairs of the Nagar Palika.
Urban Local bodies in Karnataka :
total 103 urban local bodies whose term comes to an end between March and July. 39 urban local bodies are pending before the
High court. The highest wards are in
Bidar (128), followed by Tumakuru (114) and Mysuru (95) districts.
the Election Commission, electronic voting machines (EVM) will be used for
polling with out VVPAT. (Voter verifiable paper Audit Trail). Throughout India, VVPATs are not being used in any Urban local
manufacture of liquor is banned from May 13 to May 31 in the 10 taluk panchayat
and 202 gram panchayat seats. Where EVM’s
are not used, ballot papers will be used for the rural bypolls.
Urban local bodies :
The Coalition parties, who have fought fierce battles in
south Karnataka over the decades, decided to form an alliance to circumvent the
fractured verdict in the May assembly elections last year.
So intense is the fight between their workers that the
JD(S) and Congress decided to go in for a ‘friendly fight’ in the August 2018
ULB election, despite the two coming together earlier in the year to keep the
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) out of power in Karnataka.
The Congress has already announced that it will not have any alliance
with the JD(S) for this election. Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee
president, Dinesh Gundu Rao said that local leaders are free to enter into
understanding depending upon local needs.
Congress had earlier confirmed to its workers that its electoral understanding with the JD(S) was limited to assembly and Lok Sabha polls and it has of late found that the workers of both the Congress and JD(S) at local levels have been finding it very difficult to get along with each other as they have been harboring bitter political rivalry since long.
Garment workers in Bengaluru seek fair deal. Bengaluru is India’s top producer and exporter of ready made dresses. The city is the biggest manufacturer of ready made attire with over 1200 factories engaging around 4.5 to 5 lakh workers.
industry in Karnataka is the largest employment provider next to beedi industry. The majority of the workers employed in the
garment industry in the state comprise of skilled, semi-skilled un-skilled and
form a 93 per cent of workforce in the industry.
Employment behemoth – Garment industry
Indian garment sector directly employs more than 24 lakh people – industry
estimates say 45 lakh, only second to agriculture. Almost three-quarters of
these are young women from rural backgrounds, often first-generation industrial
They are the backbone of an industry that contributes 11% to India’s exports, and over 5% to the gross domestic product. Driven by a strong domestic market, the sector has been expanding, and the Union government’s Make in India program has identified garments and textiles as a priority area to encourage investment.
But garment companies pay the majority of its workers –
tailors, helpers, store managers, packers, trimmers and button fixers – only
Static wages, gender bias – Garment industry:
years, research has been done and shown that
the factories pay their workforce an average of just Rs.8138 a month, including
dearness allowance. The wages not given to workers su ms up to Rs.3449
according to unions.
The wage is far short of what is needed for a worker to sustain a family,
build some savings, provide transport and afford quality health care and
wages low :
Minimum Wages Act mandates a revision of wages by state governments every five
years. But each time state governments revise the minimum wage, manufacturers
challenge it by asserting that it would make the sector uncompetitive.
In Karnataka, in 2009, apparel producers
challenged a hike in the minimum wage, from Rs 2644.20 to Rs 3,302, which the
Labour Department then undid, citing “a clerical mistake”. It was only when the
Garment and Textile Workers Union approached the Karnataka High Court that the
revocation was struck down.
Many companies attempt to
knock down labour costs through practices like seasonal contracting, rotation
of workforce by constant firing and hiring, using cheaper migrant labour,
shifting units to rural areas, forcing unpaid leave on workers during lean
periods and enforcing overtime when there are orders.
Rally on Labor Day by Garment workers:
The Garment workers in Bengaluru took out a large rally on May day, demanding Rs.1862 crore which the factories owe them, better working conditions and protection from sexual harassment at the workplace. The age of most of garment workers were between 18 and 45 years.
In most of the garment
factories, workers are asked to work extra hours but are not paid overtime.
2000 workers most of them
women participated in the rally which started from Kanterava studio to TVS
junction in peenya. The main highlight of the rally was poor wages and long
Peenya houses a large number
of garment factories and is the hub of the business in the city.
A long-term demand :
As the confusion and politics over the minimum wages seems to continue, the garment workers at the rally on May 1 put forward a bigger long-term demand: to legalise Rs 18,000 as the minimum wage for all workers in India. This includes anganwadi, ASHA, sanitation, construction and garment laborers.
Arunarani, a member of GLU said, “ “While we await the
money that they owe us, we want to tell them that we actually deserve a much
higher minimum wage, even higher than the one they had planned to give us – one
that will help us lead our life with some basic dignity.”
Unions in Garment industry :
The unions in the garment industry
help workers to air their grievances. The workers in the industry are always
under constant threat of losing their jobs.
According to the
union the companies in Bengaluru owe Rs 1862 crores to the 4.5 lakh garment
factory workers. Unskilled workers – the majority in the industry – are paid
only a meagre Rs 8138 per month currently, including dearness allowance. This
category includes helpers, trimmers, housekeepers etc.
Sexual harassment, working conditions :
the demand for basic wages, the May 1 rally became a venue to discuss other
long-standing and equally significant issues that women workers face in the
employee who has been working in the garment industry for the last five years
and says she has been itching to film the kind of humiliation and harassment
that women go through in the factories.
Instances of sexual harassment in the garment industry are very common,
the workers say. “Rarely do women feel brave enough to complain against their
male supervisors. Arunarani said. “They
are either worried about what their co-workers will think, or worried that
their families will stop them from working if they find out. They end up
tolerating it and living with it.”
In 44 years –
Minimum wages revised only 4 times:
major contention of the workers is that in the last 44 years of the garment
industry in the State, minimum wages of workers was revised only four times
But as per the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, state governments should revise wages every 3-5 years. This means, garment workers’ wages should have been revised at least eight times instead of four.
The battle and burning problems and issues faced
by the Bengaluru’s garment workers still remain largely out of the public eye. This
is not a fight that can be fought alone – workers need support from the media,
lawyers, NGOs, and active citizens to highlight their issues in the public domain; to hold the
government and companies accountable; and to ‘visibilize’ the violence and
discrimination they face.”
A study on
the statutory minimum wages and work intensity for garment workers shows that
more than 60% of their wages goes into house rent, basic provisions and
transportation changes leaving little for expenses on education and health.
garment factories is back breaking and affects women’s health. Their wages are
too meagre to save for a rainy day or retirement. But for poor unskilled women,
there are few alternatives.
Master Hirannaiah – known by his stage name was a film actor in the Kannada Film industry and a theatre artist in Karnataka. Some of the notable films of Master Hirannaiah as an actor include ….Re (2016), Care of Footpath2 (2015), No, 73, Shanthi Nivasa.
passed away in his sleep at BGS hospital in Bangalore early on May 2nd 2019. He
was 85. He was suffering from a liver ailment. He is survived by his
wife and five children. The corpse will be kept for public viewing from
11:30 at his residence in Banashankari.
If there was
one man who can be described as a modern day Don Quixote, then it was
this actor-director- theatre evangelist, targeting the corrupt in a fashion
that has earned him the moniker ‘Karnataka’s Anna Hazare’.
Hirannaiah’s barbs at the political class, reduced the audience to tears and
laughter, but they never failed to send home the message. Not in the early
fifties when he started, not today, when the corrupt call the shots.
Early life of Hirannaiah :
Hirannaiah was born at Kanathur Village on 15 February 1934. His father K. Hirannaiah too was an Indian film actor, director, and writer in the Kannada film industry and a theatre artist.His mother was Sharadamma.
After finishing primary education in Banumayya Middle school, Hirannaiah completed intermediate in Sharada Vilas, Mysuru. In his childhood days, he distributed newspaper Sadhvi to pay fees for his education, while actively participating in drama and theatre plays.
his father’s death, Hirannaiah took over the management of the K.Hirannaiah
Mitra Mandali, which was founded
by his late father. Later he became actor, director and administrator of the
Life at Theatre – Master Hirannaiah :
His dramas have not only entertained the people of Karnataka but have also enlightened his audiences with virtues and principles. Laanchavatara, Kapil Mushti, Naadu Beedi Narayana, Bhrashtachaara, and Anaachaara are some of his popular dramas.
Known for his
use of humour and satire to bring to light the most serious of issues the
country faces, this veteran actor believed that theatre has the power to
educate people without being preachy. It can touch the most common man, sitting
in the last row, by just showing the person what the issue is.
Some of his acclaimed movies are Mussanje, Hudgeer Saar
Hudgeeru, The City, Marma, Chor Guru Chandal Shishya, Operation Antha, Chor
Guru Chandal Shishya, Harakeya Kuri, Kalyanothsava, Harakeya Kuri, Sampradaya,
Hosa Madam, Runa Mukthalu, Runa Mukthalu, Chintamani, Madhura Sangama, Muttaide
Bhagya, Daiva Sankalpa, and Modala Thedi.
Master Hirannaiah has been part of more than 30 movies in Kannada. His notable drama plays include Lanchavathara, Double Thaali, Kanya Dahana, Sanyashi Samsara, Chamachavathara, Haasyadalli Ulta Palta, Kapil Mushti, Nadubidi Narayana, Bhrashtachaara,Anaachaara, with Lanchavathara playing more than 11 thousand d times, over a span of 45 years, performing in countries like United States, Australia, Singapore, and England.
When asked about ‘struggling actors’ in this competitive space, he said that every other great personality struggled initially while they started off in theatre. He cited examples of Dr. Rajkumar, Dr .Vishnuvardhan and Anupam Kher who began their journey with plays and later progressed into films.
Awards won by Master Hirannaiah :
Master Hirannaiah, also known as Narasimha Murthy is a
theater legend and an anti-corruption crusader from Karnataka. Hirannaiah has
to credit recognitions and awards such as the Gubbi Veeranna Award, Karnataka’s
very own Anna Hazare and King of Stage.
Karnataka State Award (1984)
Gubbi Veeranna Award (1988)
Drama Academy Award
Sandesha Arts Awad (2009)
18th Anakru Nirman Swarna Award (2013)
Maha Advaithi Award (2017)
Alva’s Nudisiri Award (2005)
According to Hirannaiah, the drama is for the public, and
from the public. He said that one has to evolve and reach the audience
effectively. According to him as an actor, one should try different characters,
and the capacity to entertain the public is the best example of succeeding in
According to Hirannaiah fine arts have no limitation, boundaries, language, and religion. Art takes one to a completely different world, filled with creative and beautiful feelings.
Hirannaiah was also a crusader against corruption and strongly believed that the youth can fight against it. He also advocated unity among youth.
Hirannaiah Award :
Master Hirannaiah established the Hirannaiah Award, in memory of his father who was known popularly as “Cultural Comedian” or ” cultured comedian”.
Hirannaiah Awards are presented on behalf of Karnataka Nataka Academy, to theatre artists (native name: Rangamukhagalu) for their notable drama works. First award ceremony was held on 17 April 2010, at the Jaganmohan Palace Auditorium in Mysuru.
Bangalore United Football Club was established in 1940 having headquarters at Bengaluru. The vision is the development of football in Bengaluru with a keen interest in Women Football.
Women’s Football :
Women’s football is the most prominent team sport played by women around the globe. It is played at the
professional level in numerous
countries throughout the world and 176 national teams participate
The history of women’s football has seen major competitions being launched at both the national and international and levels. Women’s football has faced many struggles throughout its history. Although its first golden age occurred in the United Kingdom in the early 1920s, when one match achieved over 50,000 spectators.
The Football Association initiated a ban in 1921 that disallowed women’s football games from the grounds used by its member clubs. The ban stayed in effect until July 1971.
Early women’s football :
Women may have been playing “football” for as long as the game has existed. Evidence
shows that an ancient version of the game (Tsu Chu) was played by women during
the Han Dynasty (25–220 CE). Two
female figures are depicted in Han Dynasty (25–220
CE) frescoes, playing Tsu Chu.
There are, however, a number of opinions about the accuracy of dates, the earliest estimates at 5000 BCE. Reports of an annual match being played in Scotland are reported as early as the 1790s.
The first match recorded by the Scottish Football Association took place in 1892 in Glasgow. In England, the first recorded game of football between women took place in 1895.
Popularity of Women’s Football :
Women’s football became popular on a large scale at the time of the First World War, when employment in heavy industry spurred the growth of the game, much as it had done for men fifty years earlier.
A team from England played a team from Ireland on Boxing Day 1917 in front of a crowd of 20,000 spectators. The most successful team of the era was Dick, Kerr’s Ladies of Preston, England.
The team played in the first women’s
international matches in 1920, against a team from Paris, France, in April, and
also made up most of the England team against a Scottish Ladies XI in 1920,
being more popular than some men’s football events (one match saw a 53,000
strong crowd), women’s football
in England suffered a blow in 1921 when The Football outlawed the playing of the game on
Association members’ pitches, on the grounds that the game (as played by women)
Some speculated that this may
have also been due to envy of the large crowds. that women’s matches attracted. This led to the formation of the
English Ladies Football Association and
play moved to rugby grounds.
Features of Bangalore United Football Club :
The features of Bangalore United Football
Club includes :
Team – Currently competing in the Bangalore ‘A’ Division.
Team–Champions of KSFA IMPETUS knockout trophy 2018
of Karnataka Super Division football league 2019 and representation from
Karnataka in Indian Women’s League
United – U19 Youth team. Competing in Bangalore ‘C’ Division.
players to University level players part of BUFC teams.
& Senior Men and Women Teams.
History of the club :
Bangalore United Football Club was started in the year 1940, and has the legacy of owning many Internationals who played for the club. The club also has very strong links to its local community and Government schools conducting and managing football for them from years .
The club holds regular Camps for boys and
Girls. The club’s under 12 years team is the winners of County
Cup last season and 2 senior players were recently selected to play for the
Many of the players have represented Karnataka state and Indian National team. Bangalore United Football club players are trained under qualified Coaches who possess ‘A’ license for coaching from Asian Football Confederation and also by ex-Internationals.
Currently the club are the champion of Impetus
Trophy (Aug 2018) organized by Karnataka state Football association. The BUFC are the newly crowned CHAMPIONS of KARNATAKA
STATE WOMEN’S FOOTBALL LEAGUE which concluded on 27th Feb 2019 and by which are
qualified to play INDIAN WOMEN LEAGUE 2019.
Mission of Bangalore United Football club :
Bangalore united Football Club which is a non-profit organization is serving the youth of the South side of Bengaluru. The main goals are to inspire youth regardless of race, creed or national origin.
To also practice the ideals of sportsmanship, provide scholarships and overall physical fitness, and most importantly the women Empowerment
Support to Bangalore United Football Club :
Running a Football team of this huge magnitude is expensive. The club are running the team till now with its own funds and support from the club’s well wishers and not all from the families in team can afford the cost. The club ask for sponsorship support to help women to make their Dream a reality.
The club understands that one have several
choices when considering different marketing and community outreach
opportunities, but the club truly
believe that this is a great fit. Sponsoring the team is not only a great way to get involved
with the community, it’s also an amazing form.
The team consists 18 players and 5 officials
and will play Indian Women’s League matches from 5th of May 2019 at Ludhiana
Indian Women’s League 2019 :
The 2018-19 Indian Women’s League will have 14 teams, divided into two groups. The teams will play each other once and the top two teams will compete in the semi-final.
The league starts on May 5th and The league stage will come to an end on May 18. The semi-finals will be played on May 20 and the final will be on May 22. All the matches will be played at the Guru Nanak Stadium in Ludhiana.
The teams taking part in the third edition of
Indian Women’s League are:
IWL (INDIAN WOMENS LEAGUE 2019)
Rising Student’s Club Manipur Police Sports Club
Gokulam Kerala Sethu FC
Football Club Alakhpura Bangalore United Football Club
Hans Women Football Club CRPF Women’s Football Team
Central SSB Women Football Team SAI-STC Cuttack
Panjim Footballers FC Kolhapur City
Tripura Sports School Baroda Football Academy
Third season IWL 2019 :
The third season of the women’s football championship will be played in Ludhiana, Punjab. The third edition of the Indian Women’s League will get underway on May 5 and all the matches will be played at the Guru Nanak Stadium in Ludhiana.
Sewage into SWDs – Sewage water is being let
into the SWD’s in Bengaluru by 497 properties. The Bengaluru Water Supply and
Sewage Board (BWSSB) has issued notices to 389 of the property owners in namma
Bengaluru ranging from houses to business establishments.
Bengaluru Topography :
Bengaluru is draped over the Deccan Plateau
at an altitude of 949 meters (3113 ft.) above sea level, which gives it
possibly the best climate among all the cities in India. Legend has it that Bengaluru
got its name from the words
“BendhaKaaLu” (which means boiled beans in the local language
King VeeraBallala of the Vijayanagara kingdom
was once lost in a forest and happened to stumble upon a lonely cottage. An old
woman that lived there could offer the starving king only boiled beans
“BendhakaaLu” and the place came to be known as
“BendhakaaLuooru” (ooru in Kannada means a city).
BendhakaaLooru later came to be known as
BengaLooru in Kannada and Bangalore in English. However, historical evidence
shows that “BengaLooru” was recorded much before King Ballala’s time
in a 9th century temple inscription in the village of Begur. Even today
“BengaLooru” exists within the city limits in Kodigehalli area and is
called as “HalebengaLooru” or “Old Bangalore.”
Bangalore water supply and Sewage board :
The Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) is the premier governmental agency responsible for sewage disposal and water supply to namma Bengaluru.. It was formed in 1964.
currently supplies approximately 900 million liters (238 million gallons) of
water to the city per day, despite a municipal demand of 1.3 billion liters.
Water for the city (with a population of 10 million) comes from a number of
sources, with 80% of it coming from the Cauvery river. Water is also drawn from the Arkavathy river, but
the supply does not meet the demand.
drains – sewage seeping in:
A storm water drain is an infrastructure designed to drain excess rain and ground water from impervious surfaces such as paved streets, car parks, parking lots, footpaths, sidewalks, and roofs. Storm drains vary in design from small residential dry wells to large municipal systems.
Drains receive water from street
gutters on most motorways, freeways
and other busy roads, as well as towns in areas with heavy rainfall that leads
to flooding and coastal towns with
regular storms. Even gutters from houses
and buildings can connect to the storm drain.
Many storm drainage systems are
gravity sewers that drain
untreated storm water into rivers or streams — so it is unacceptable to pour
hazardous substances into the drains. Storm
drains often cannot manage the quantity of rain that falls in heavy rains or
storms. Inundated drains can cause
basement and street flooding.
In many areas require detention
tanks inside a property that
temporarily hold runoff in heavy rains and restrict outlet flow to the public
sewer. This reduces the risk of overwhelming the public sewer. Some storm
drains mix storm water (rainwater) with sewage, either intentionally in the case of combines
sewers, or unintentionally.
sanitary sewer systems :
Storm drains are separate and
distinct from sanitary sewer systems.
The separation of storm sewers from sanitary sewers helps prevent sewage
treatment plants becoming overwhelmed by infiltration/inflow during a rainstorm, which could
discharge untreated sewage into the environment.
storm drainage systems drain untreated storm water into rivers or streams. Many
local governments conduct public awareness campaigns about this, lest people
dump waste into the storm drain system.
Combined sewers :
Cities that installed their
sewage collection systems before the 1930s typically used single piping systems
to transport both urban runoff and sewage. This type of collection system is
referred to as a combined sewer system (CSS).
The cities’ rationale when combined sewers were built was that it would be cheaper to build just a single system. In these systems a sudden large rainfall that exceeds sewage treatment capacity is allowed to overflow directly from storm drains into receiving waters via structures called combined sewer overflows.
Storm drains are typically at
shallower depths than combined sewers; because, while storm drains are designed
to accept surface runoff from streets, combined sewers were designed to also
accept sewage flows from buildings with basements
The BBMP vs BWSSB ‘passing the
parcel’ game :
When it rains in Bengaluru, the
rajakaluves or storm water drains will overflow as there is no scope for the water
to seep into the ground. The biggest
problem is that the BBMP is in charge of storm water drains, while the BWSSB is
responsible for managing Bengaluru’s sewage system.
Both BBMP and BWSSB are passing
the buck. It has been decades and no one
is bothered to rectify the city’s sewage and storm water drain system.
So many sewage lines are
connected to the Storm Water Drains. People
have been ranting about this issue and the agencies are not doing anything.
Notice to property owners – Sewage
into SWDs :
The BWSSB has sent notices to 389 property owners and is in the process of puling up the remaining ones. The details of the violation has been sent to the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board.
The notice issuance is in the
wake of the National Green Tribunal’s direction to the Karnataka State
Government. The direction is to take
action and to plan to put an end to the contamination of run-off rainwater in
Some of the Property owners –
Sewage to SWDs :
Many apartment owners like Pebble
Creak, Brooke Enclave on ITPL Main road, Chaitanya Prestige Shantiniketan on Whitefield
road, Gopalan enclave on ECC road. `
The educational institutions are also included in the list. They are Shree Chaitanya Techno School in Mahalakshmi layout and also a number of paying guest accommodations in Ambedkar Nagar.
The eastern part of Bengaluru
top the list with 276 properties violating the rules. The BWSSB board is imposing
a fine of Rs.5000 to violators all these time.
But now the BWSSB board wants to take the opinion of the legal cell to
take serious action.
Option to property owners –
Sewage connection :
Those property owners who are
willing to follow the rules, the board will be imposing a penalty and to apply
for the sewage connection. The board
is planning to take property owners who are violating to the court. According to the Board KSPCB (Karnataka State
Pollution Control Board) can file criminal cases against violators.
Legal actions will be taken against
large apartment owners if found guilty .
Even individual houses will not be spared.
Need of the hour :
The unauthorized, rampant encroachment of
marshlands and bugger zones of lakes, obstruction sewer pipes and manholes,
encroachment of store water pipes, garbage dumped in the Storm Water Drains
have blocked the outlets of rainwater.
What is needed in namma Bengaluru is a need of a shared project with the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board to have all the sewage go into trunk sewers on either side of the drain. The reason Bengaluru has faced floods is there is no place for sewage, which flows back into lakes.
On 24.10.2019, ACB Bengaluru caught Sri. Shivu (Shivakumar) Meter Reader while accepting a bribe of Rs.1,10,000/- on behalf of Sri. Tousiff, Assistant executive Engineer (A.E)
A Resident of Bengaluru had applied for the conversion of electric connection from Residential to commercial at Commercial Tariff, Assistant Executive Engineers Office, BESCOM, E-10, Sub-division, Pai Layout, Bengaluru.
Sri. Tauriff, Assistant Executive Engineer (A.E) BESCOM, E-10, Sub-Division, Kaggadasapura, Bengaluru had demanded a bribe of Rs,1,10,000/- to convert residential electric connection to commercial tariff.
Both Sri. Shivu (Shivakumar) meter reader and Sri.Tausiff, Assistant Engineer have been suspended. Bribe money has been confiscated. Investigation is on.
ACB search is done at BBMP Mahadevapura office and at BDA.
High voter turnout was recorded
at Karnataka at 69% for the general elections 2019.
General Elections 2019 :
After a non-stop campaign for
about a month, the remaining 14 seat out of 28 Lok Sabha seats in the State of
Karnataka went to polls in the second and final phase on 23rd . The battle lines outlined for a bipolar
contest between the ruling coalition partners Congress-JD(S) and the BJP.
The Election Commission of India
announced that the voting turnout was 68.6%.
Record voting at Mandya :
Karnataka recorded 68.6%
surpassing the previous best record of 67.6% recorded during General Elections
Mandya constituency broke all
records. Mandya recorded 80% of voting. The previous highest voting record was held
by Dakshina Kannada at 77.15% in 2014.
In 1984 elections Mandya had polled 77.13%.
In the Second phase Chikkodi had
the highest turnout with 71.79% while Raichur had the lowest with 53.30%
II Phase voting turnout :
The constituency-wise breakdown
of turnout is as follows ;
Chikkodi – 69.43%
Belgaum – 58.72%
Bagalkot – 65.77%
Bijapur – 60.28%
Gulbarga – 53.74%
Raichur – 56.90%
Koppal – 63.43%
Bellary – 63.40%
Haveri – 63.22%
Dharwad – 64.89%
Uttara Kannada – 69.38%
Davanagere – 66.70%
Shimogga – 68.65%
In the first phase on 18 April, 14 constituencies in the southern part of the state covering old Mysuru region and a couple of coastal districts had gone to the polls, recording an overall voter turnout of 68.81 per cent.